Memory processes

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    instructions. A black rectangular box was presented on the middle of the screen with a fixated point. It consisted of 3 memory sets 1, 3, and 5 digits that appeared on screen for 1.2, 3.6, or 6 seconds. There was a probe item that measured the participant’s memory for recall, with a total of 60 trials. Computer specific details were provided. The “n” key was used to start the next trial, the “m” key was used to answer yes when the probe number had appeared in the test trial and the “z” key if it had not. Procedure Every participant had to log onto the class’s subscription based website coglab.com and sign into their individual…

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    The hippocampus is the most important part of the brain because it is responsible for transferring information from working memory to long-term memory so it can be used again.If this area gets damaged, someone would forget everything that had happened previous the accident, but would be able to create new memories from that point on. There are many other aspects that play a role in us remember and forgetting. Two things that could cause someone to forget are interference and individual…

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    Memory Interference

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    Interference and the Similarity of Information Introduction Memory can be defined as the brain’s ability to encode, store and retrieve information. At times, the retrieval process can be completed unproductively, this occurrence is referred to as forgetting. Forgetting is the inability to retrieve certain information that is stored in memory (Grivas, 2014). An individual’s ability to recall information can be affected by a number of factors. Some research, such as the studies of Muller and…

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    Primacy Effect

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    the list because of the recency effect. The primacy effect helps us recall words because the words at the start of the list are encoded into our long term memory where we store them until it is time to recall them. The recency effect helps us recall words because words at the end of the list are put into our short term memory where we can access them for a short time (about 30 seconds). The words in the middle of the list are not encoded into our long or short term memory, so it is harder to…

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    There are three types of memory stores: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. How we process memory to remember information is through three stages called encoding, storing, and retrieval. Sensory memory is your first initial process of when you perceive information that you do not retain. This type of memory relates to all the senses. For instance, iconic memory is when you receive information visually but only for a second, such as looking at a magazine and echoic memory is…

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    Limitation to memory training One of the limitation of memory training are many productive mnemonic strategies which is invented to work in a particular region and do not always been summarily generalize to new situations. The second is a more noteworthy limitation is that even when people who know suitable memory strategies for optimizing their learning knowledge but they do not always use them. Instinctively using of mnemonic strategies seems to depend on cognitive control, and therefore…

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    Case Study of Cognitive Assessment Vickneswary D/O Jeraman TM15-10172 TMC Academy Module: CPSY Lecturer: Dr Eliza Berezina Date of Submission: July 3, 2015 Word Count: 1914 Abstract This paper is about cognition and methods of assessment to test the cognitive level of an individual. It is targeted on four main tests to evaluate the level of perception, attention, short term memory (STM) and long term memory (LTM) of a selected person. The four main tests are Muller-Lyer Illusion test to test…

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    This paper will be looking at memories, being able to distinguish between our true or false memories in particular. We spend our entire life accumulating memories and at times make decisions based on our memories, but what if they are false? Being able to understand and identify a false memory is very important in modern society, in our justice system relies on evidence to reach a verdict, at times a witness is crucial, their memory can be the deciding factor of a case. Review of the…

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    It can be difficult to put a direct definition on the word “forgetting.” It can be simply known as the lack of being able to recall information. There are three key steps to memorizing: encoding, storage, and retrieval. These are the three processes that can also be interrupted to cause us to forget. A failure in encoding can mean that something was not actually memorized. This can be explained through not learning something, or by overlooking it. One of the examples in the textbook is…

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    Implicit Memory

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    "Implicit memory is shown when performing on a task is enabled in the absence of conscious remembrance; explicit memory is unmasked when the performance on a task requires conscious memory of previous occurrences (Graf and Schacter, 1985 in Anderson, 2015) and conveyed in typical tests of cued and free recall and recognition. Event memory loss after an injury is called anterograde amnesia which involves the extended hippocampal complex and the thalamus which helps form new memories (Salnaitis,…

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