Mencius

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  • Difference Between Mencianism And Mencius

    this question, but it provided a somewhat vague explanation. Since his answer was very vague and indirect, Confucians were split on the question of human nature. Some like Mencius believed that humans are born good, and with the proper training, can become perfect. Others like Hsun Tzu had the belief that humans were inherently evil, but with strict discipline, they could be good, despite their natural inclinations. I think Mencius in “Man’s Nature Is Good’ makes a very convincing argument for his belief on this question. In Mencius’s view, “humans are inherently good” (79). Mencius believed that people who are left to their original nature or that follow their gut feelings are able to do good. I agree that we are inherently good and that we are born with the…

    Words: 1019 - Pages: 5
  • Compare And Contrast The Attitudes Of Mencius And Xunzi

    Asian Humanities 1st Paper 10.22.2014 Topic: Compare and contrast the attitudes of Mencius and Xunzi to the subject of human nature. How do these differences relate to their different interpretations of individual betterment? When we get up and read newspapers in the morning, we can contact diverse news. Among them, there are touching stories that someone sacrifices and serves for other people. It makes people have that a human being is kind-hearted. On the other hand, undesirable stories such…

    Words: 1847 - Pages: 8
  • Similarities Between Legalism And Confucianism

    Confucianism was originated by Confucius, an ancient Chinese philosopher, and was then championed by both Mencius and Xunzi. During the same time period roughly, Shang Yang and Shen Buhai developed a new ideological system known as Legalism. Both philosophies found popularity in ancient China, though they hold very different ideals. At first glance, the ancient Chinese philosophies Confucianism and Legalism seem to be polar opposites in regards to government, education, and social relationships.…

    Words: 1685 - Pages: 7
  • The Major Philosophies Of Confucius's The Analects

    recognized as the first professional teacher in China rather than a politician or a philosopher. His teachings later gave rise to the new school of thought known as Confucianism (Liu). Confucianism is one of the major schools of thought in China. It developed from the teaching of Confucius. The principle of Confucianism is contained in nine ancient Chinese works handed down by Confucius and his followers. Later those works were divided into two groups as The Five Classics and The…

    Words: 857 - Pages: 4
  • Hsun-Tzu's Confucian Philosophy

    until it has been whetted on a straight,” meaning that man must wait for instructions of a teacher before it can become upright. Man’s nature is evil to a point that we do good things simply to adhere to what’s socially acceptable. For example, man desires warmth, satisfaction, and hunger. However, each of these have an understanding. You wait to eat until your elders finish, you can not be satisfied unless someone’s higher up than you are satisfied (Government maintaining order), and you can…

    Words: 1514 - Pages: 7
  • Taoism And Confucianism Essay

    Confucianism and Taoism are two of the most prevailing philosophies in Asia, even if they seem to contradict each other. Confucius asks us to live a very structured life in accordance with li, which is right action. Taoism allows for many different viewpoints, and would probably be accepting of Confucianism even though it seems to contradict Taoism. Taoists believe there are many ways to live and view life, and no one is better than the other. Li was Confucius’ idea of the correct way to live.…

    Words: 832 - Pages: 4
  • Chinese Philosophy Dbq Analysis

    Throughout history, Chinese philosophies have referred to various perspectives and values followed among their people. All of these philosophies have a long history of several and many years. Out of the three well-known philosophies, Confucianism and Legalism have polar opposite values and morals. The philosophy that began from Confucius believed in returning good ethics in order for society to have good conduct opposed to bad people. Whereas Legalism believed that the disorder of society would…

    Words: 629 - Pages: 3
  • Confucism In Mencius And Xunzi

    Mencius (372-289 BCE), worried about the harsh contracts between the ideal of a unified, peaceful, hierarchical feudal kingdom and the reality of nearly constant warfare between independent feudal states in which the large and powerful preyed upon and absorbed the smaller and weaker states (Mencius, On Human Nature). As a result, he adopted the belief that “all human beings have a mind that cannot bear to see the sufferings of other” (Mencius, On Human Nature), a very idealist way of thinking,…

    Words: 1580 - Pages: 7
  • Compare And Contrast Mencius And Confucianism

    The Social Hierarchy of Inborn Traits: An Analysis of Cultivation of the Self and Innate Goodness of Human beings in Confucius, Mencius, and Xunzi This comparison analysis will define the social hierarchy of the cultivation of the self and the innate goodness of human beings as a point of conjecture in the writings of Confucius, Mencius, and Xunzi. The writings of Confucius define the social hierarchy of evil as an inborn trait, which must continually be cultivated by the wisest and strongest…

    Words: 1185 - Pages: 5
  • Mencius Human Nature Analysis

    6. The Conception of Human Nature in Mencius and Xunzi Human nature describes an innate ability that human beings go through their lives with, shaping their world and interactions with each other. According to Mencius, human nature is, for the most part positive; that is, humans tend to be good. Humans are fundamentally different from other animals in that they are rational, social, and as a result, good. It is important to understand, though, that they are not all moral. Human beings are born…

    Words: 1821 - Pages: 8
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