Fractional distillation

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  • Pharmaceutical Synthesis

    lower temperature. Figure 5 DIstillation under Reduced Pressure STEAM DISTILLATION Steam distillation is a special type of distillation used for temperature sensitive materials like natural aromatic compounds which are insoluble in water, but volatile in steam. The non-volatile impurities are left behind in the flask. It once was a popular laboratory method for purification of organic compounds, but has become obsolete by vacuum distillation. Figure 6 Steam Distillation EXTRACTION WITH A…

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  • Grignard Reaction Lab Report

    it. Multiple trials were carried out because the wrong method of distillation was used. At the first trial, simple distillation was used and the result wasn’t as expected. The boiling point of the alcohol product wasn’t the boiling point of the expected alcohol 2-methyl-2-pentanol. The boiling point of 2-methyl-2-pentanol is 120-122oC (ref.6); however, the boiling point of the alcohol product was about 76-80oC. Simple distillation is useful if the difference between 2 products boiling point is…

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  • Characteristics Of An Ideal Fuel

    5-14.63 Lignite 60-70% 14.63-18.81 Bituminous 75-80% 31.35-33.44 Anthracite 90-95% 28.01-31.35 ii. Products Obtained by Destructive Distillation of…

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  • Titanium Alloy Essay

    (TiO2) is taken. Rutile is converted into titanium sponge by the following process: Titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) – a colourless compound is obtained as a result when passing Cl2 gas through the ore. Titanium tetrachloride is purified by fractional distillation. To obtain titanium sponge, the liquid form of TiCl4 is reacted with Magnesium (Mg) or Sodium (Na) under an inert (argon) atmosphere while Magnesium…

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  • The Pros And Cons Of Crude Oil

    hole and then pump the crude oil out to either a barge or into a pipe that goes directly to land. Once the crude oil makes it to the refinery, they begin to break down the oil through different chemical reactions. This process is called fractional distillation which is where they have to break down the hydrocarbons in the crude oil. After the refineries finish transforming the crude oil, it is then shipped out to different companies to then make the products that we use every…

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  • The Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Crude Oil

    Crude oil is a complex mixture of various organic compounds, comprising of different hydrocarbons and heteroatomic compounds (Simanzhenkov and Idem, 2003). In addition to carbon and hydrogen, petroleum might contain sulphur, oxygen and nitrogen, and metals such as nickel, vanadium, iron, and copper. Crude oil physical and chemical compositions vary with location, depth and age (Rahimi and Gentzis, 2006). Physical composition of crude oil varies from black liquids of high viscosity to…

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  • Nitrogen Research Paper

    Nitrogen (N₂) is a colorless, odorless, largely inert gas with a hexagonal structure that is essential to life on earth. This nonmetal is number seven on the periodic table; in its neutral state, it has seven protons, seven neutrons, seven electrons, and an average atomic mass of 14.0067 amu. The electron configuration of this element in ground state is 2-5. Its discovery, safety, availability, and uses are important in understanding this element and its significance. Nitrogenous compounds…

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  • Gasoline Engine Compare And Contrast

    main types of engines, diesel fuel and gasoline engines. Diesel fuel and gasoline are both refined from mineral oil, but the processes slightly vary. Refining diesel is slightly easier than refining gas. Both use a refining system called fractional distillation, and the difference between the fuels is in the temperatures that the distilled material…

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  • Hydrocarbons In Fossil Fuels

    Fossil fuels are a critical component in the functioning of our society. These resources are staples in maintaining the energized life styles that people have become used to. Fossil fuels are sources of energy derived from animal and plant remains from more than 300 million years ago (U.S. Department of Energy 2013). These remains were then coated with combinations of clay and rock called sediment (Energy Quest 2012). Sedimentary rock effectively protected the hydrocarbons in fossil fuels…

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  • Periodic Table Research Paper

    The periodic table had been a key factor in many ways to finding new elements, like scandium, silicon, and neon. It has shown new ways those elements could help us by predicting certain elements reactions. While Dimitri Ivanovich Mendeleev is considered to be the creator of the periodic table, there were many contributions that helped the creation of the useful graph be achieved. Between 1817 and 1829 Johann Dobereiner was grouping elements with similar properties into groups of threes,…

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