Soundness

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  • A Critical Analysis Of Singer's Argument

    Philosophy according to the public eye is just digging deeper into logical reasoning, but, it is much more than that, it is about truly understanding arguments and the formulas behind them to discover how they are made. This allows the philosophical mind to be able to study the nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. Singer states, “Philosophers don’t simply make claims; they instead give arguments.” Philosophers present statements to represent factual opinions or claims, which is just a fancy way of stating your point. Their goal is to persuade someone to accept their way of thinking, and to understand the valid arguments that are made. They will state reasons, which tell us about the importance of the claim and the argument, and they will provide counterexamples, which are used to disprove a point using evidence. And through that they will use justification, which is use of good reason and why you should believe it. Taking all of this into account when looking at the argument as a whole, how can you tell if the argument is valid? It is valid if and only if it is impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false. Now, what makes a valid argument so good? The conclusion has to be true. This can be proved using modus ponens, which states that if P implies Q; P is asserted to be true, so therefore Q must be true. The form of Modus Ponens can best be explained stating the following: the argument form has two Sheets 2 premises (hypothesis). The first…

    Words: 754 - Pages: 4
  • Joint Support Research Paper

    Arguments are when one offers a premise (or premises) to support a conclusion. Two main methods of support are joint and branching. Joint support is when related premises support the conclusion. On their own, each premise is not enough to constitute a valid argument for the conclusion so they have to work together in order for the conclusion to be reached. Branching support is when there are multiple, unrelated premises that lead to the same conclusion. These two types are very different but…

    Words: 708 - Pages: 3
  • What Is Gensler's Argument For The Divine Command Theory

    Gensler: Divine Command Theory Gensler’s main argument for the Divine Command Theory is to argue the moral reasons for the existence of God. He gives the premises that everyone knows objective moral duties. Then comes the idea that if there are objective moral duties there has to be something that makes them moral law. For this the only answer that makes sense is God because it cannot be a person or other individuals in society since we do not have the authority to tell someone is they do…

    Words: 825 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of Joesph Wenzel's Three Perspectives On Argument

    Since the beginning of humanity, people have had to persuade other people to reach their objectives. Whether it was arguing if hunting or gathering would be more beneficial, or if country should go to war, or whether a government should implement a new law, skilled persuasion has shaped history as we know it. With such a powerful tool, experts have tried to discover how to argue in a way that positively and efficiently benefits society. Joesph Wenzel, author of the chapter entitled “Three…

    Words: 786 - Pages: 4
  • Argument Essay: Who Is Jack's Personal Identity?

    Who is “Jack”? The problem at hand is as follows: Jack enters a shop and has his mind completely replaced, let’s for now call him Person A. An identical copy of Jack’s mind (the mind that he walked into the shop with) is then put into another person, which we shall call Person B. In the essay I shall argue that Jack is Person B by showing that a person is identified by their consciousness. Arguments have been provided to justify each person, Person A and Person B, as being Jack. Firstly, to…

    Words: 896 - Pages: 4
  • Strengths And Weaknesses Of Writing

    Every writer has strengths and weaknesses that make their writing uniquely their own. The strengths are points of pride, the weaknesses are constantly worked on to slowly strengthen and reinforce them to make the writing even better. I believe that my greatest strengths as a writer are my ability to follow through with my thesis and organize my writing in a logical way that improves readability; my biggest weaknesses as a writer are proofreading and planning in advance. As with most things, my…

    Words: 2381 - Pages: 10
  • Norcross's Argument Analysis

    0236566 In this squib, I criticize Norcross’ argument for the claim that Fred would still be acting immoral if he hired someone else to torture the puppies. I then argue that the second premise of Norcross’ target argument is false by providing an objection. My objection shows that there is a situation in which the action itself is immoral, but hiring someone to do it is not immoral. Now I will present Norcross’ target argument in standard form, for the claim that hiring someone else to torture…

    Words: 897 - Pages: 4
  • Importance Of Pathos In A Rhetorical Argument

    Pathos is the most important part of the rhetorical argument because it truly expresses the feelings of the writer to the audience and easily allows them to absorb the material due to the emotion filled with writing. Pathos is defined as the power of speech, literature, and other forms of expression of evoking a feeling of sympathy and compassion from the reader. The essay will demonstrate how the effective use of pathos will strengthen arguments. Pathos is the strongest of the three rhetorical…

    Words: 763 - Pages: 4
  • Value, Soundness, Or Impact Of Online Education

    Discuss the Value, Soundness, or Impact of Online Education For a majority of High School students, going to college is the next logical step, in the path to improve their future. This may not have been the case 15 to 20 years ago. During this time, there was a healthy middle class in the United States, were high School graduates could find a job at a factory earning fairly good pay. As more of these industrial jobs were shipped overseas, companies found themselves in a position needing to…

    Words: 792 - Pages: 4
  • Deductive Argument Against The Soundness Of Omnipotence

    nature and entails that God desires everything that is good. This desire to bring about good things also means a desire to prevent evil things from happening. Hence God’s good nature doesn’t need to necessarily lead to no omission of good actions, but it does lead to the necessary idea that God would mostly want to prevent evil and would do so to fulfill His will and please Himself. Secondly, an argument based on the idea of Heaven is flawed because the existence of eternal life cannot be proven…

    Words: 1712 - Pages: 7
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