Probability and statistics

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  • Struck By Lightning Summary

    "Struck by Lightning: the curious world of probabilities" is a book written in 2005 by Jeffrey S. Rosenthal, an award-winning Canadian statistician and author. Jeffrey S. Rosenthal graduated from Woburn Collegiate Institute in 1984, received his B.Sc. in mathematics, physics and computer science in Toronto in 1988. He later received his PhD in mathematics in Harvard University in 1992. He performs music and improv. comedy as well as being an author and supervisor of student projects. "Struck by Lightning: the curious world of probabilities" is a bestseller in Canada and was published in nine languages. These languages include English, Italian, German, Indian, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Arabic. This book was number 9 on the National Post's non-fiction bestsellers list, number 7 on the Maclean's national non-fiction bestsellers list, and number 3 on the Calgary Herald non-fiction bestsellers list, just to name a few. This book is about probability and randomness in everyday life. The author intended to inform and entertain the audience without having to use much mathematics. In this book, he also explains how probability can lead to better decision making and getting silly. He explains what probability is and how we see it in everyday life without…

    Words: 1000 - Pages: 4
  • Road Salting

    as numeracy. Age. Older individuals don’t understand risk information as well, both overestimate and underestimate probabilities (Fuller, Dudley, & Blacktop, 2001), worse risk comprehension than younger individuals (Fausset & Rogers, 2012). Much of the literature supports the idea that decision making effectiveness…

    Words: 1379 - Pages: 6
  • STEM Pedagogical Model Essay

    ISE SUMMER PROJECT 2015 Probability, randomness, and chance should be central in any STEM pedagogical model. The concepts of randomness and chance play a very significant role in the essence of all sciences, and especially in the empirical sciences. Randomness is a critical component of biological modeling at many levels in a wide range of systems. The fundamental axioms of the quantum paradigm in physics are, by definition, essentially stochastic. Economics uses the randomness in human thought…

    Words: 1648 - Pages: 7
  • Stephen M. Stigler's The History Of Statistics

    Alphonse Allais mentions, “Statistics have shown that mortality increases perceptibly in the military during wartime” (Statistics Quotes, 2). The author, Stephen M. Stigler, written the book title “The History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty before 1900”, expressing the beginnings of statistics between the years 1700 to 1900. Stigler demonstrated how the roles of statistics play in applied sciences of “astronomy, geodesy, experimental psychology, genetics, and sociology”…

    Words: 898 - Pages: 4
  • Case Study: Descriptive Statistics

    List the probability value for each possibility in the binomial experiment that was calculated in MINITAB with the probability of a success being ½. (Complete sentence not necessary) P(x=0) P(x=6) P(x=1) P(x=7) P(x=2) P(x=8) P(x=3) P(x=9) P(x=4) P(x=10) P(x=5) 4. Give the probability for the following based on the MINITAB calculations with the probability of a success being ½. (Complete sentence not necessary) P(x?1) P(x<0) P(x>1) P(x?4) P(4 5. Calculate the mean and standard…

    Words: 2523 - Pages: 11
  • Uncertainty In Economics By G. L. Shackle Critical Analysis

    uncertainty. When an “outcome is the result of adding the outcomes of many separate performances, all in certain respects uniform”; in other words, when the frequency-ratio is known, then the experiment is named divisible, while a non-divisible or non-seriable experiment is one which “can be neither itself broken down into a number of uniform additive parts nor treated as part of a divisible experiment” (p. 8). In a non-divisible experiment the frequency-ratio standpoint has no actual sense. One…

    Words: 798 - Pages: 4
  • Introduction To Statistical Thinking Paper

    University of Phoenix Material INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICAL THINKING Directions: Complete the following questions. The most important part of statistics is the thought process, so make sure that you explain your answers, but be careful with statistics. The following statistics/probability problems may intrigue you and you may be surprised. The answers are not always as you might think. Please answer them as well as you can by using common logic. 1. There are 23 people at a party. Explain…

    Words: 456 - Pages: 2
  • Null Hypothesis Case Study

    hypothesis, which is symbolically expressed as H0, is a statement that indicates no difference between a parameter and a specific value or between two parameters. Alternative Hypothesis The alternative hypothesis, which is symbolically expressed as HA or H1, is a statement that indicates the presence of a difference between a parameter and a specific value or between two parameters. Decision Rules On testing the null hypothesis, two main decision rules are plausible. These decisions are…

    Words: 859 - Pages: 4
  • Ace Inc Statistics Case Study

    the survey and the test data results were collected accordingly. The resulting data also includes whether each employee in the sample took a statistics course or not. Ace would like to examine this data in order to prepare analysis report to the management team. Statistical Results 1. In this study of test scores and took statistics course, each variable in the sample data is characterized by creating a histogram and pie chart, respectively. According to the “Histogram of Test Scores”,…

    Words: 760 - Pages: 4
  • Darrell Huff How To Lie With Statistics Summary

    Darrell Huff masterfully writes How to Lie With Statistics which covers many of the statistic gathering and displaying methods used today, from carefully picked averages to well chosen samples. He does not simply discuss these methods, however. He spectacularly demonstrates how companies, colleges, and quite often media sources use these tools to manipulate data into their favor. While it may appear to be fairly outdated to the casual reader, Darrell Huff's book still applies today, over…

    Words: 729 - Pages: 3
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