The History Of Statistics : The Measurement Of Uncertainty Before 1900

898 Words Sep 7th, 2016 4 Pages
Alphonse Allais mentions, “Statistics have shown that mortality increases perceptibly in the military during wartime” (Statistics Quotes, 2). The author, Stephen M. Stigler, written the book title “The History of Statistics: The Measurement of Uncertainty before 1900”, expressing the beginnings of statistics between the years 1700 to 1900. Stigler demonstrated how the roles of statistics play in applied sciences of “astronomy, geodesy, experimental psychology, genetics, and sociology” (Stigler, 2016). He considered the questions, such as “How did scientists learn to combine measurements made under different conditions; and others key question (Stigler, 2016). Statistics, mathematical concepts according to The History to Statistics … are the foundation of basics thinking when dealing with this type of mathematics. Statistics deals with issues such as frequency distributions, histograms, mean, standard deviation, conditional probability, and Bayes Theorem are some of the mathematical concepts that we use in everyday living.

Frequency Distribution is the first concept in statistics, which is simply defined as a table that displays data as histograms, stem-and-leaf plot, dot plots, etc. The steps to create a frequency distribution table are as follows. First, we create the table. Second, we label the column you are counting. Third, we label the tally column. Finally, we total the tally marks and add the final numbers. Frequency distribution helped us to calculate the mean,…

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