Nitrogen cycle

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    This cycle is unique in that the atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen, but it cannot be used in its atmospheric form. Nitrogen is also found in sedimentary rock and bodies of water. Although the element is abundant it must be converted into a different form prior to entering the biosphere. To be cycled in the biosphere, nitrogen (N2) is converted into a usable form by nitrogen fixing bacteria found in legumes. When nitrogen moves from the atmosphere into the lithosphere Rhizobium bacteria living in symbiosis with these plants begin the process of nitrogen conversion to ammonia (NH3), or cyanobacteria in water systems convert (N2). Through the process of nitrification ammonia is then transformed into nitrite and then on to nitrate which serve as macronutrients for plants as they form proteins, nucleic acids, or ATP. Consumers that eat these plants use nitrogen in the process of protein synthesis and store nitrogen in their tissues. When organisms release wastes products or die, the nitrogen is broken down and returned to the soil where decomposing bacteria convert nitrogen rich compounds into simpler ones. The final step in this cycle is denitrification. During the final phase of the cycle denitrification occurs and is performed by a variety of decomposers. Denitrification involves the transformation nitrites and nitrates back into nitrogen gas, which is then released into the atmosphere where it is stored…

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    Impacting the Nitrogen Cycle In this paper, I will be examining the nitrogen cycle and my personal impact on it. Firstly, I will briefly discuss the cycle of nitrogen in the biosphere and its importance to all living organisms. Secondly, I will be examining my personal involvement in the nitrogen cycle and the impact those actions have. Then, I will be looking at ways that my actions can be altered to benefit the environment and reduce my negative impact on the ecosystem. Finally, I will…

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    Outline I. Introduction II. Biogeochemical cycles 1. Water cycle 2. Carbon cycle 3. Nitrogen and Phosphorous cycles 4. Biodiversity III. Impacts of the Water bottle product on the life cycle of water, Carbon, Nitrogen/Phosphorus and biodiversity 1. Water cycle 2. Carbon cycle 3. Nitrogen/Phosphorous cycle 4. Biodiversity IV. Interventions on the environmental impacts 1. Benefits i. Water cycle ii. Carbon cycle iii. Nitrogen/phosphorous cycle iv. Biodiversity 2. Drawbacks i. Water cycle ii.…

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    Caribou Essay

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    defecation helps fertilize the ground beneath. Caribou are also part of the food chain. The fertilized ground makes a home for insects to live in; the insects eat seeds and water and sunlight, along with the seed, help plants spread out amongst an area. The caribou consumes the plants, and the next consumer, in which could be a bear or even a fox, eats the caribou, and later defecates. The defecation puts minerals and other fertilizers into the soil, and it starts again with the insects…

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    Nitrogen nutrients are also water-soluble which makes them a limiting factor as it dissolves quickly and therefore is not easily accessible to organisms. According to NewsRx editors,”The North Atlantic Ocean is considered a nitrogen (N) limited system once vernal stabilisation of the water column alleviates light limitation and allows phytoplankton growth to deplete surface nutrients to virtually undetectable levels. Ammonium and other regenerated N forms are then the main surface N source for…

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    Taking A Look At Acid Rain

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    1.1 Introduction/ what is Acid Rain? Acid rain, or acid precipitation is a term used to describe any form of precipitation with a pH of less than 5.6. In recent years, the effects of acid rain are being experienced on a global scale with widespread environmental effects. Primarily, acid rain is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from the combustion of fossil fuels. However, even pure rainwater is slightly acidic (pH of 5.6-6.5) due to the reaction between H2O…

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    Bioturbation effects on sediment properties also impact nitrogen cycling processes. In general, bioturbation increases nitrification activity by increasing the proportion of oxic sediment in which nitrification can occur (Fig.2) (Sayama and Kurihara, 1983, Tuominen et al., 1999, Welsh, 2003, Nielsen et al., 2004). Rates of denitrification also tend to be higher (Gilbert et al., 1995, Ieno et al., 2006) as bioturbation promotes coupled nitrification-denitrification (Kristensen and Blackburn,…

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    Nitrogen cycling is a vital factor in how plants and organisms survive in ecosystems. Different genes in bacteria DNA allows for NO₃, in plants, to be converted to N₂ without releasing N₂O into the atmosphere. With a better understanding of which gene can convert N₂O to N₂, people can have a better understanding of what factors affect the nitrogen cycle. The genes that are responsible for converting NO₃ to N₂ are nirk, cnor, qnor, and nosz. Nosz is responsible for coding enzymes to convert N₂O…

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    the measurement is out of balance reflected by the nitrogen cycle. The cycle has a natural occurring presence, but the impact of human existence over the last one hundred years has threaten the biosphere. The planet now has seven billon inhabitants, which will disrupt the cycle. The collective solution remains with nations, governments and leaders altering policies, procedures, and culture norms, which will preserve the balance of life between the environment and humanity. Once an individual…

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    The Aurora Borealis

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    magnetic 'storms ' and an unsettled magnetosphere (Odenwald). Scientists discovered that the Auroras are made from the flow of the charged particles that were entering the atmosphere. They as well came to the discover that the auroras came and went with the sunspot cycle. By the 20th century, scientists made Aurora’s in their private labs in order to get an understanding of how the auroras work and how they come about. Once television and the fluorescent lamps were created, they found it easier…

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