Nitrogen

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    Nitrogen Research Paper

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    Nitrogen (N₂) is a colorless, odorless, largely inert gas with a hexagonal structure that is essential to life on earth. This nonmetal is number seven on the periodic table; in its neutral state, it has seven protons, seven neutrons, seven electrons, and an average atomic mass of 14.0067 amu. The electron configuration of this element in ground state is 2-5. Its discovery, safety, availability, and uses are important in understanding this element and its significance. Nitrogenous compounds are present in all living things and fossil fuels. However, it took years for humanity to discover the element. Nitrogen had been manufactured in the days of Ancient Egypt in the form of ammonium chloride, (NH4Cl) or sal ammonia as it was known to alchemists,…

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    Nitrogen (N) - Low ~ Answer the following questions in complete sentences. Your answers will be based on your soil test results, what you have learned in class and independent research. ~ 1. Why is nitrogen important in soil? What does nitrogen do for the soil? ~Nitrogen is so important because it is a major component of chlorophyll, which plants use to photosynthesize. It is also a major component of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. Without proteins, plants wither and die. Some…

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    atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen, but it cannot be used in its atmospheric form. Nitrogen is also found in sedimentary rock and bodies of water. Although the element is abundant it must be converted into a different form prior to entering the biosphere. To be cycled in the biosphere, nitrogen (N2) is converted into a usable form by nitrogen fixing bacteria found in legumes. When nitrogen moves from the atmosphere into the lithosphere Rhizobium bacteria living in symbiosis with these…

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    Impacting the Nitrogen Cycle In this paper, I will be examining the nitrogen cycle and my personal impact on it. Firstly, I will briefly discuss the cycle of nitrogen in the biosphere and its importance to all living organisms. Secondly, I will be examining my personal involvement in the nitrogen cycle and the impact those actions have. Then, I will be looking at ways that my actions can be altered to benefit the environment and reduce my negative impact on the ecosystem. Finally, I will…

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    1- Nitrogen is a major component of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. Some proteins act as structural units in plant cells, while others act as enzymes, making possible many of the biochemical reactions on which life is based. 2- Nitrogen appears in energy-transfer compounds, such as ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which allows cells to conserve and use the energy released in metabolism. 3- Nitrtate is very mobile in the soil and moves with soil water to root surfaces for plant…

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    Nitrogen-fixing bacteria are microorganisms present in the soil or in plant roots that change nitrogen gases from the atmosphere into solid nitrogen compounds that plants can use in the soil. Let's break this concept down. Nitrogen is commonly found as an inert, or nonreactive, gas in the Earth's atmosphere. In fact, 78% of the Earth's atmosphere is nitrogen in its gaseous design. This element is so sufficient that it has been incorporated into all living things on Earth. In order for this to…

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    The Haber process In modern society mankind relies on industrial chemistry processes. This industrial chemistry process is known as “The Haber Process” it is responsible for the production of the compound ammonia; which is accountable for the world’s consumption of natural gas (BBC, 2014). The Haber process is the method of synthesizing the compound of ammonia which is produced from Hydrogen (H2) and Nitrogen (N2) gas (Sinha, 2014). In 1909 a German named Fritz Haber developed the compound of…

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    Nitrogen cycling is a vital factor in how plants and organisms survive in ecosystems. Different genes in bacteria DNA allows for NO₃, in plants, to be converted to N₂ without releasing N₂O into the atmosphere. With a better understanding of which gene can convert N₂O to N₂, people can have a better understanding of what factors affect the nitrogen cycle. The genes that are responsible for converting NO₃ to N₂ are nirk, cnor, qnor, and nosz. Nosz is responsible for coding enzymes to convert N₂O…

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    Bioturbation effects on sediment properties also impact nitrogen cycling processes. In general, bioturbation increases nitrification activity by increasing the proportion of oxic sediment in which nitrification can occur (Fig.2) (Sayama and Kurihara, 1983, Tuominen et al., 1999, Welsh, 2003, Nielsen et al., 2004). Rates of denitrification also tend to be higher (Gilbert et al., 1995, Ieno et al., 2006) as bioturbation promotes coupled nitrification-denitrification (Kristensen and Blackburn,…

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    Taking A Look At Acid Rain

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    1.1 Introduction/ what is Acid Rain? Acid rain, or acid precipitation is a term used to describe any form of precipitation with a pH of less than 5.6. In recent years, the effects of acid rain are being experienced on a global scale with widespread environmental effects. Primarily, acid rain is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from the combustion of fossil fuels. However, even pure rainwater is slightly acidic (pH of 5.6-6.5) due to the reaction between H2O…

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