John Searle

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    Searle’s Chinese Room Argument was first published in 1980 as an experiment where John Searle attempted to prove certain relationships and differences between artificial intelligence and the human brain. I’m going to argue that the explanations for his argument are inconclusive. John Searle’s Chinese Room argument was an experiment where Searle locked himself in a room and was fed slips of paper under the door in three stages. The first stage is called “a script”. In the first stage John is given a large amount of Chinese writing. John knows no Chinese whatsoever and cannot discern the writing from meaningless squiggles. In the second stage, called “a story” John is given English instructions on how to decipher the Chinese writing and correlate the words to English words. In the third batch called “questions” John is given Chinese writing with English…

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    Ex-Machina Analysis

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    conscious, nor can it be proven that she is not. There is a major difference between her and human sociopaths. She is a machine. Therefore, there can’t be an absolute answer to whether she is conscious. David L. Anderson in “What is a Person” says, “It is possible that a machine might be conscious, but at this point, given that we have no clue what it is about humans that make us conscious, we have no idea what we would have to build into an android to make it conscious.” Humanity still does not…

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    The mind body problem questions what is the nature of the mind and mental states? How are the mind and the body related? How are mental states related to brain states? Descartes says that there are two kinds of elements in the world, bodies and minds. Descartes believes in interactionism which means minds and bodies intermingle with one another. The Chinese Room Argument was introduced by philosopher John Searle. In this experiment He explains an encounter that a human has with a computer that…

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    The argument in John Searle’s famous “Chinese room” experiment is that understanding or intelligence in general is not the same as teaching a computer symbols, recognition of them, or computations. In this experiment a man is instructed to translate a paper with squiggles by an answer key, through “if, then” statements such as if “squiggle” then “squiggle”. These squiggles are actually Chinese letters. But it is clear that the man does not understand or can even write Chinese, he is just…

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    Theories Of Functionalism

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    The two most commonly cited criticisms of the turing test are: The Chinese Room criticism and the Blockhead criticism. 2 The Chinese Room argument closely relates to the Turing test. Published by John Searle in 1932, the thought experience describes a situation where Searle is locked in a room and is then passed Chinese characters under the door. Searle does not understand any Chinese, but by manipulating symbols and numerals and matching them with the symbols and numerals he has in the room,…

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    used in the realm of animals as well. In math class the teacher may instruct her students to “compute 5+5=x” and the students, without the aid of technology, may mentally compute the equation. Thinking however is a term that, at the moment, is used strictly when referring to animals, mainly humans. Computing within computers is considered to only contain the principle of syntax as opposed to thinking which contains both syntax and semantics. I believe, along with Searle, that semantics is…

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    Introduction- John Searle is a Philosophy Professor who is known for his work in philosophy of the mind and language. He published an article on 1980 called Minds, Brains, and Programs, in which he uses a thought experiment to test the Schank’s program; the program aims to mimic the human’s ability to comprehend stories. The experiment Searle uses to test this theory of the mind is known as the “Chinese Room” thought experiment. The thought experiments, the objections, and the replies given in…

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    John Searle argues in his article “Minds, Brains, and Computers,” that computationalism is a false logic that fails to explain the mind. In doing so, Searle distinguishes between two modes of artificial intelligence(AI)—the strong and weak AI. Searle acknowledges that the weak AI hypothesis, which claims that digital computers are merely powerful tools, could potentially be correct. However, Searle objects the strong AI hypothesis because it claims that appropriately programmed computer is not…

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    Turing's Test

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    In chapter seven of the book “Problems from Philosophy”, by James Rachels, the author Guided us through the process in which the topic of “Could a Machine Think?” Was a question that would arise many arguments and claims to prove its possibilities. The main points to this chapter were the arguments and objections that were trying to answer the following question “Could Machines Think?”. These arguments consisted of the Piecemeal-Replacement Argument, The Tipping Point Objection, The Turing…

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    Searle argues that strong artificial intelligence, where a programmed computer would exhibit genuine mental properties and understanding, is impossible to create. Searle proposes the Chinese Room Thought experiment where basically Searle (who understands no Chinese) is locked in a room with an instruction book (written in English). Searle receives a paper with Chinese written on it that is incomprehensible to him. But by following the instructions in the book, he is able to draw Chinese back on…

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