John von Neumann

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    Z1 Computer History

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    Colossus. The Colossus was “the world’s first digital, all-electronic computer”(Miller 41). The Colossus made weeks of computations available within just hours. “Colossus reduced the time to break Lorenz messages from weeks to hours and just in time for messages to be deciphered which gave vital information to Eisenhower and Montgomery prior to D Day”(Rojas First, 355) The accomplishments of the Ultra and Colossus have been made relatively secret until recent times. Branching off from the Ultra and Colossus, the British would go on to create the Manchester Mark machines, which included two significant advances over the von Neumann model “a fast two-level store and address modification registers”(Rojas First 369). On the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, The United States had already created the first all-electric computer, the ABC. The ABC was built by Professor John Atanasoff , and his student Clifford Berry, at Iowa State College. The computer, completed in 1939, had been designed with over 300 vacuum tubes and a goal of being able to solve 30 unknown systems of equations. “Some have claimed that no one ever used the original ABC for production computing, but the first three applications listed by Atanasoff are all statistica, which he collaborated with a well known Iowa State professor”(Miller 41). The progress of the computer eventually came to a halt due to failure to get a patent because of dispute with Mauchly and Eckert, who claimed they had created the first…

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    The origin of von Neumann Architecture and the EDVAC The first description of what is now known as von Neumann Architecture was presented in a paper titled “First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC” by John von Neumann. The idea originated after John von Neumann joined a group of scientists who had detected a problem in the ENIAC’s functionality and wanted to keep developing computer technology after ENIAC’s success. The motive behind this investigation is revealed in a letter between Herman…

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    a physical manifestation of a Turing Machine, the idea of programs being stored away in memory baffled many engineers at the time. In the United States, John Von Neumann, a Hungarian-American mathematician and computer scientist, shared Turing’s aspirations to build a machine that would utilize Turing’s theory of a “universal Turing machine.” Moreover, Von Neumann had become familiar with Turing’s abstract concept for a machine long before World War II was over, “the two had discussed the…

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    The report was regarded as being extremely valuable, and over the years the document became a cause of tension between Goldstine and von Neumann against Eckert and Mauchly. Eckert fought for the patent rights concerning EDVAC. He and Mauchly claimed that von Neumann "had merely summarized the group’s discussions and that they, Eckert and Mauchly, deserved the full credit for discovery of the fundamental ideas.” The situation escalated to its climax in the Honeywell v. Sperry Rand when Mauchly…

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    Keep it the Heming-Way “There is nothing to writing. All you do is sit down at a typewriter and bleed.” - Ernest Hemingway It has been brought to my attention that the English Department is questioning the importance of teaching about Ernest Hemingway, who they say is a “simplistic” writer. A Farewell to Arms is an example of a novel Hemingway wrote which mirrors his life and many of his own experiences during the time he spent in World War I. He is familiar with the settings of his novels…

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    1) The novel gives a brief description of the lives of Frederic Henry and Catherine Barkley before they come to Italy. Frederic used to be a student of architecture back in America. He volunteers to join the Italian army as an ambulance driver. Proof of this is when Catherine asks, “You’re the American in the Italian army” (Hemingway 22). Before Catherine comes to Italy, she had a fiance who had unfortunately passed away. They grew up together for eight years. She is an English woman who is a V.…

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    Tesla's Sedan Case Study

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    The initial offerings were not what Musk had envisioned, and massive amounts of time and money were wasted on designs that did not meet the expectations or vision. When von Holzhausen was hired in 200, Tesla was near bankruptcy. Once he had presented a concept that Musk was pleases with, the changes started. Make a sedan that fit 7, as Musk had 5 youg children. Make a master touchscreen to handle the majority of the cars functions, this was years before the iPad was released. The touch screen…

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    transfer territory to its neighbors, and pay reparations. The huge amount in reparations paid, caused the economic hardship, and left many Germans unsure in their government. Then, along came Adolf Hitler, and his party, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, or simply known as the Nazi party. Hitler and the Nazi party appealed to Germans by giving them hope in restoring the German government. The Nazi party was not a new political group, but became popular when Hitler promised a new…

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    argue Germany should not be blamed for World War I. However, although it can be conceded that Germany’s allies motivated Germany to fight, Germany should be blamed for World War I because it was broadly responsible for the formation of the very alliances that led to it, and other countries, into joining the war. Under the guidance of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck, Germany rapidly gained power after its unification in 1871. However, Germany 's role as a growing European power allowed it to upset…

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    Prof. Andrew Donson Modern German History Reading Assignment #3 Bismarck’s Germany Value: 6% of final reading assignment grade 1. What was the three-class voting system in Prussia? What purpose did it serve? Who supported it? Who opposed it (Fulbrook, A History of Germany, 126-127; Tipton, A History of Modern Germany, 112) A voting system based on how much one paid in taxes. Conservatives supported the system because it reflected their interests. Liberals did not support it, because it did…

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