René Descartes

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  • René Descartes Argument Analysis

    René Descartes’s argument in the Second Meditation of Meditations on First Philosophy, normally referred to as the Cogito, after its Latin formulation cogito ergo sum (‘I think, therefore I am’), is arguably the most famous one in all of philosophy and can be considered as origin of modern philosophy. His premise ‘I am, I exist’ (p.21) , which he ambitiously sets out to prove in this Meditation, does not explicitly take this form though. His meditation is thinking about thinking and affirming that thinking equals being. This essay will present and analyse Descartes’s argument in detail and explain that one can be sure that the ‘I’ exists and what the ‘I’ is. Then, it will examine how one comes to know the true nature of an object. To illustrate the latter, an example will be provided. In addition, possible counter arguments will be provided and…

    Words: 1488 - Pages: 6
  • The Third Meditation By Rene Descartes Summary

    Rene Descartes (1596-1650) published a series of thought experiments in 1641 called Meditations on First Philosophy. At the beginning of the Third Meditation, Descartes outlines the Problem of the External World. Predictably, without reading the First and Second Meditations, the problem is difficult to grasp. Therefore, I will provide a summary of what took place before I continue. In the First Meditation, Descartes, contemplates the great number of falsehoods he has come to believe over the…

    Words: 1427 - Pages: 6
  • Rene Descartes Meditation 1 Analysis

    Rene Descartes lived in an era of geniuses. He was born in La Haye, a small town in Touraine, France. He was the first modern philosopher. He made major contributions to anatomy and physiology, optics, mathematics, and philosophy. In his Meditations on First Philosophy, Descartes’ first meditation is Meditation One, concerning about the things that can be called into doubt. Descartes wants to show that beliefs based on sensory data are not certain, thereby establishing the superiority of the…

    Words: 1017 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of Rene Descartes Mediations Of First Philosophy

    Christopher McLaughlin Paper 1, Page 1 Rene Descartes was a French Philosopher in the 16th century. This essay is will focus on his works in Mediations of First Philosophy most notably the first and second meditations, were Descartes begins his journey in riding his life of deceptive beliefs, and finds a point to build on the foundation of knowledge. Descartes became disturbed with the amount of false beliefs he had over time developed. He set out to (through meditation), to dissolve all…

    Words: 812 - Pages: 4
  • Substance Dualism By Rene Descartes

    Rene Descartes proposes a variant of substance dualism that maintains the equal and distinct existence of physical and mental substances. Descartes (1641) discusses that bodies are physical substances because they extend outward and occupy spatial regions while the human mind is a mental substance because it cannot extend through space (P.165). Descartes also notes fundamental differences on their activities; the human body is passive because it cannot think while the mind can handle complex…

    Words: 1558 - Pages: 7
  • Rene Descartes On Personal Identity

    Personal identity refers to certain properties that make a person feel a special sense of attachment or ownership. Both philosophers John Locke and Rene Descartes had contrasting views about one’s working mind. Descartes believes that the mind cannot be identical to the body whereas Locke emphasizes that our bodies and mind are the same thing. Locke’s ideas on personal identity are primarily focused on memory, whereas Descartes is focused on the “thinking mind.” The thinking mind is our way of…

    Words: 1262 - Pages: 6
  • Rene Descartes: The Argument Of Substance Dualism

    existence of the substances are fundamentally distinct and exist independently of each other. If the soul can survive the death of the body, then there is the possibility of an after-life. Plato and Descartes are notorious for substance dualism which is also known as mind-body dualism, the believe that the soul is able to live on without the presence of the physical substance, the body. In this essay I will describe and assess the argument of substance dualism postulated by Rene Descartes…

    Words: 915 - Pages: 4
  • René Descartes And The Existence Of God

    René Descartes was a French philosopher born in 1596. He is often thought of the “Father of Modern Philosophy”. He is also recognized for his work in mathematics, and sciences, where he created a universal method of deductive reasoning. Although he is known for all of theses, his primary field of study was in Philosophy. His most famous quote is “I think, therefore I am” (first written in French “Je pense, donc je suis”). From this quote he developed his reasoning for the existence of God.…

    Words: 1214 - Pages: 5
  • Rene Descartes: Doubtful Dreams

    Doubtful Dreams As any other philosopher, Rene Descartes was driven by the need to find the undeniable truth. He was very upset when he realized as a young man that many of the things he was taught in school was scarcely supported by evidence, if not out right false (Pojman & Vaughn, 2011, p.487). Therefore, when he began his foray into philosophy, he decided would deny and ignore all previously accepted opinions and build an entirely new foundation of truth to build on (Tweyman, 2013,…

    Words: 780 - Pages: 4
  • Rene Descartes Dualism Theory

    perceived and acknowledge matter through senses including taste, smell, sight, touch, and hearing, but activity of the brain is not considered to be a sense. Descartes believed that there are solely two substances to ever exist, mind and matter. Descartes supposed that the body is nothing but a statue or a machine where the way the body functions can be accounted for mechanically except for the activities of the mind where none can be seen, touched, smelled, tasted or heard. Along with…

    Words: 1377 - Pages: 6
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