Intentionality

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    with instructions on which characters to produce when given a certain set of characters. These things are comparable to a computer and its program. The rule book is the computer program, the man in the room is the computer, and the people inputting characters from outside the room are the programmers. When the person inside the room is given a set of characters it would seem that he knows Chinese because he can respond and have a conversation. However, he does not know Chinese he is simply following the rule book. Searle argues that this is how computers work. They do not truly know the data they are handling; they are simply manipulating the symbols. This does not guarantee that computers can become conscious because there is no intentionality behind their symbols. By this Searle says that we cannot get meaning out of rule-based things like computers. We cannot get meaning from these things because these machines are purely a matter of symbol manipulation and nothing more. Furthermore, Searle argues that the machines that imitate a brain can be compared to a Chinese Gymnasium. There would be several men in the gym that do not speak Chinese however, much like the Chinese room they would have the rule book. Each man resembles the synapses…

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    The many modes of processing thought listed above can be further rendered down to the firing of neurons, which as well can be said to be a binary system; consisting of being in the state of firing or not firing. There still remains however a very substantial difference between the two fundamental actions. That difference is rooted in the equipment used to engage in the two respective actions. Searle believes that no computer program will ever obtain intentionality because a computer is not…

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    from the “question” batch to those in the “script” and “story” batches, while referring to the book of English instructions. Searle argues that this is how a computer, and any other form of artificial intelligence, works. Computers perform “computational operations on formally specified elements (Searle).” So, just as the person in the Chinese room did not understand the Chinese story but was able to create a substantial and accurate response, a computer does not actually understand what it…

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    1.Event-Causal Model of Human Agency and Its Difficulties Davidson proposes a ‘single line’ event-causal model of human agency, attempting to bring intentional states and actions into a single causal chain: an agent’s intentional states (or events), such as beliefs, desires and intentions, cause some bodily movement called ‘basic action’ to happen. There are different descriptions of this basic action, and under some of them, this action is intentional. (Davidson 2001/1963, 2001/1971) Even…

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    The intentionality of Plato’s pedagogy is emphasized in nearly every aspect of The Republic concerning education. Intentionality in the educational approach is the best way to be able to accurately predict the “finished product,” if you will. J. Pfeifer and S. Sarkar define something that has intentionality as something that is about, directed on, or represents something else. Just as the conduction of an experiment governed by the concepts outlined in the scientific method attempts to limit the…

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    our chief goal in life: to glorify God and enjoy God forever (Westminster Shorter Catechism) Inasmuch as Christian theology is centered in Christ, who says to his followers, “do not be afraid,” I believe that theology cannot be used as a religious tool that deepens our entrenched fears. Neither should theology be used to prop up any belief, value, philosophy, or ideology that runs counter to the unconditional love of God manifested in the life, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus…

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    Intentionality on Interpersonal Communications We all have heard the term “intension,” good intention, bad intension, no intension and so forth. However, how often to do stop to observe how do we reveal our innermost intentions through the way we communicate with others. How does intentionality determines the mediums in which we deliver communication? Is it easy to disguise our intentions? Are our intentions clear to others when we are trying to communicate effectively? To what extend should…

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    The Miracle Worker in which Helen comes to understand the word ‘water’ moves Helen into a “world different from that of animal perception, calling, and signaling”, it is one of signitive intentionality (79). Signitive intentionality is a “new kind of intending” that “makes these perceived marks into words” (78). It is not only directed toward the reference of the word, but the “same intention establishes some of the marks as a word”. Further, signitive intentionality “establishes a meaning as…

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    Dennett Beliefs

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    They need not be actual (“belief” may be a metaphor). Rather, it is appropriate to assign the system goals and the possession of information; there need not be any anthropomorphizing of the system. Furthermore, the intentional stance does little in answering design questions, as the former is concerned with normative principles, and the latter is not (and it presupposes intentionality). Regarding the contention between Brandom and Dennett, I see little to suggest that there is an…

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    Kasparov. Deep Blue is a kind of Artificial Intelligence created by a human known as a programmer. The programmer has a desire to win the chess competition against Kasparov and this desire make the Deep Blue having an intentional too which is more to “as if” intentionality. Meanwhile, Kasparov also has a desire and belief to win the game. Kasparov intentional stance is known as original intentionality, which is an innate program for human being. Daniel Dennett claims that human lacks of original…

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