Carcinoma

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    Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

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    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Intro & History Cytomegalovirus (CMV), a member of the herpesviridae family, is a prevalent viral pathogen called human herpes virus 5 (HHV5)[5]. It can infect many organs and is commonly asymptomatic[1]. Once infected with CMV, patients will carry the infection for life, as the virus could remain latent in white blood cells of our body with and without the demonstration of symptoms[1]. The virus can be reactivated during other illness or stress, this may occur with or…

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    Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) is a type of cancer of the breast. IDC starts in the milk ducts of the breast, breaks through the walls of the duct, and begins to invade and grow into the fatty tissue of the breast. Since this is an invasive cancer, it is then able to spread to other organs in the body, such as the lymphatic system. IDC is the most common form of breast cancer, accounting for 70-80% of all breast cancer diagnoses. A key component in diagnosing IDC is yearly screening mammograms…

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    Background Basal cell carcinoma can be defined as a malignant neoplasm in humans. Basal cell carcinoma originates in the areas between the follicles, subject to a spontaneous mutation. BCC’s can be organized into four categories: nodular, morpheaform, metatypical, and superficial. BCC can be treated generally through SMO inhibitors, for example, vismodegib (Ximena 398). Vismodegib is a molecule inhibitor of the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway (Pricl 389). The pathogenesis of BCC is the inapposite…

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    Advanced pancreatic carcinoma (APC) has a poor prognosis and chemotherapy remains the most common approach. Gemcitabine was the only drug recently approved for use as single agent therapy in APC. However, the combination of oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has shown some promising results. This phase II trial was conducted to investigate the efficacy of oxaliplatin, 5-FU, and folinic acid (FOLFOX-6) in previously untreated APC patients. METHODS: We studied response rate, time to progression…

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    Essay On Skin Cancer

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    The skin is the largest vital organ in the human body and it goes through a lot during our lifetime. Whether it be laying in the sand enjoying the warmth of the sun on our skin or getting a tan at the nearest tanning booth, we are actually damaging our skin. Whenever skin is exposed to the sun or any other type of UV radiation, there is an increased risk of developing skin cancer. Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells, and is surprisingly very common in the world today. According to…

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    Basal cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma also known as (BCC) is a type of skin cancer that effects the basal cells that line the epidermis. Basal cells duplicate and increase to the point where they penetrate the dermis (top layer of the skin). What causes the basal cells to react this way is usually being exposed to excessive sunlight and/or ultraviolet rays as well as having or had many severe sunburns, overexposure to x-rays, and having relatives who had skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is…

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    tumors. Within the past three decades, more people were diagnosed with skin cancer than all other cancers combined, according to The Skin Cancer Foundation.There are three main types cancer (BCC), squamous-cell cancer (SCC) and melanoma. Basal-cell carcinoma…

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    Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

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    The core of the hepatitis B virus is generally in the shape of an icosahedron. Within the virus, there are two strands of DNA, one smaller than the other, which is circular. HBV is around 42 nm in width, and the core is surrounded in a 4nm thick coat. They are enveloped, which means they are more susceptible to being destroyed, because the envelope is very thin. Viruses in general are very small, much smaller than bacteria, and HBV is no different. (Image:…

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    largest there can be a larger number of possible issues, than other body systems. Skin cancer is a growing issue in this country. Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma is one of the most common forms of skin cancer. Our very own sun can cause this cancer, also causing it to advance from the Ultraviolet Rays. In studying Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) through DNA Methylation profiling, two subclasses of SCC have been found to have two distinct cell origins. Actinic Keratosis (AK) are…

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    Other papers presented positive immunoexpression of p53 protein, yet TP53 mutations seem to be uncommon events in pleomorphic adenomas (PA), adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACC), mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MEC) and carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenomas (CAexPA). Also, I will talk about other diseases produce from exposured TP53 to uranium (11). The most common mechanism is the loss of enzymes in the human body. The main two involved are Glurathione…

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