Bilirubin

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  • Rhesus Disease Research Paper

    multiple processes including an increase in production of bilirubin, decreased hepatic uptake, decreased conjugation, impaired excretion, impaired bile flow, or an in increase in enterohepatic circulation. The bulk of bilirubin comes from the breakdown of hemoglobin into unconjugated bilirubin. Unconjugated bilirubin binds to albumin in the blood so it can be transported to the liver where it is then taken by the hepatocytes and then conjugated with glucuronic acid by an enzyme so it can become water soluble. The conjugate bilirubin is then excreted in bile and then on into the duodenum. Adults conjugated bilirubin can be reduced by bacteria in the gut to urobilin and then excreted, but infants have less bacteria in their digestive-tracts and in turn, less bilirubin is condensed to urobilin and excreted. Infants also have the enzyme beta-glucuronidase which deconjugates the bilirubin and can then be reabsorbed and recycled into their circulation which is known as enterohepatic circulation of…

    Words: 825 - Pages: 4
  • Biliary Cirrhosis Case Study Essay

    Also, the system of unit (SI) was multiplied by the above value of 0.357 for blood urea nitrogen, 0.02586 of both high/ low density lipoprotein, and 0.01129 for triglycerides. The researchers added 1/5 and 1/10 dilution of the specimen and showed no changes in the TC value. They also used the icteric index to identify the patient’s total amount of bilirubin. Also, lipemic index and the hemolysis index were used during the procedure and showed no interference. The method that they used for…

    Words: 757 - Pages: 4
  • Chemical Reagent Dipsticks: A Case Study

    using chemical reagent dipsticks can reveal information about the health of a patient (Mulryan, 2011, p. 234). Properly analyzing the chemical reagent dipstick can help aid in the diagnosis of an individual. According to Mulryan (2011), specific tests are found on the reagent dipstick, including, blood, bilirubin, urobilinogen, protein, nitrite, leukocytes, glucose, ketones, pH, and specific gravity. Any abnormal findings with these test results can correlate with a condition within the patient.…

    Words: 1084 - Pages: 4
  • History Of The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

    environment because it reduces complications from the outside world. The Neutral-Thermal Environment, more commonly known as the Warmer, is debated as the most important time for the baby in the NICU. It give the parents no restrictions from the baby while keeping the temperature at what is best for the baby. The monitor is the computer screen showing the heart rate, blood pressure, and blood oxygen levels (Your Baby in the NICU). Having an immature liver can result in jaundice, a yellow tint…

    Words: 990 - Pages: 4
  • Urinalysis Lab Report

    In disease, a metabolic disorder, or ingested food or drug the color varies ranging from colorless, amber, orange, red, green-blue, brown, or black.(BRUNZEL, 2013) FOAM When a normal urine specimen is shaken or agitated sufficiently, a white foam develops at its surface that readily disappears on standing. The characteristics of urine foam are modified by the presence of protein and bilirubin. The presence of protein (albumin) in urine causes stable white foam to be produced when the urine is…

    Words: 408 - Pages: 2
  • Blood Test Essay

    cholesterol level and LDL cholesterol level are too high, it can cause many heart related problems like heart attack. However, HDL cholesterol level must be above 40 mg/dL or else it will cause heart problems too. Liver function test is used to detect for problems in the liver. To find out if there are problems in our liver, we can measure the enzymes or protein levels in the bloods. In our bodies there is an enzyme called alanine transaminase (ALT) which is used to absorb proteins. ALT will…

    Words: 985 - Pages: 4
  • Hesi Case Study Mariana

    Mariana’s biochemistry results were requested by her GP because of suspicions she might be suffering from a liver disorder. The results showed some normalities such as the serum albumin which was within the lesser normal range of 30-50g/L. However, the level of serum bilirubin which is elevated compared to the normal range which could have been caused by a liver dysfunction. According to Thepa (2007), serum bilirubin is elevated when there is an impairment in the excretion of conjugated…

    Words: 1065 - Pages: 5
  • Justice In Organ Donation Essay

    violent behaviour. In addition to this, many people believe that prison is ideally designed to rehabilitate and reintroduce unruly citizens and medical care should be considered part of the investment in their return. [3][6] UNOS (United Network for Organ Sharing) is a private, non-profit organisation which has been assigned with the task of equitable distribution of organs throughout the US based on the National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA) (1984). To prioritize the allocation of liver…

    Words: 764 - Pages: 4
  • The Digestive System: A Case Study

    causing a heartburn. The stomach temporarily stores matter, begins the process of churning and starts digestion of proteins. The stomach is mostly muscular organ and lies in the upper quadrant of the abdominal trunk. In relation to the Cardiovascular system , the abdominal aorta provides oxygenated blood to tissue and organs of the abdominal region. Mahadevan.V (2014) describes how the stomach releases mixtures of proteases and hydrochloric acids in order to begin digestion. Muscle contractions…

    Words: 1506 - Pages: 7
  • Tolerability Of Non-Rodents Lab Report

    more specific than AST. Depending upon the injury there is an increase in concentration of several fold of AST and ALT (Gowda et al,2009). In the case of an ischemic injury and toxic injury there is an increase in AST level than ALT (Giannini et al, 2005). There may be various reasons for the liver damage and kidney damage. Drug induced, radiation therapy induced, herbal product induced which shows an increase in the liver enzymes in the experimental animals (Ennulat et al., Payasi, et al.,…

    Words: 2235 - Pages: 9
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