Argonautica

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    Greek religion was a consistent factor in all areas of life for those who practiced and believed in it. The gods were given human form and faces with each with a power to interact with a certain aspect of human life such as love, weather, music, or healing. The gods portrayed human characteristics and lived in a similar society. However, they were depicted as having the perfect human form with great beauty or strength. Most significantly, the gods were immortal and held the power to intervene in the lives of the human by controlling their fate. The virtues of Greek religion reflected the importance of the gods’ power. Mythology was used to spread the knowledge of the values and to further instill upon the Greeks the consequences of failing to respect them. The most prominent virtues were that of charity, fate, reputation, respecting the gods, worship, sacrifice, humility, nothing in excess, family, and hospitality. Jason and the Argonauts is a story that embodies several of these values, and like most Greek myths it has a tragic ending to further stress the lessons being portrayed. Charity is one of the initial values represented in Jason and the Argonauts. Hera, the queen of the gods as well as the goddess of marriage and family, tested Jason with an opportunity to offer compassion. Hera disguised herself as an older woman unable to cross a river. If Jason proved noble enough to carry her across the river, it would provide Hera with the proof he has the characteristics of…

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    The portrayal of heroism in Greek literature differs between authors, time periods, and genres of literary work. The representation of heroism, and the characteristics of the hero throughout time have changed greatly in Greek literature, but the characters are still referred to as heroes. By comparing factors of three different Greek literary works, the changing nature of heroism can be seen. The Odyssey, The Argonautica, and Oedipus the King are all very influential Greek works. The heroes of…

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    Ancient Greeks. What they valued, who or what they worshipped, their ideals, and the battles and politics that occurred during the Greek Heroic Period. Without these poems ancient Greek scholars might not have known what it was like to live in Ancient Greece. Both stories teach us the terminology and customs of the time, and the importance Greeks placed on their gods and heroes. No one can prove that the Iliad and the Odyssey were written by one man or even the origins of the author(s). Homer…

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    The Hellenistic Era

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    The Hellenistic era was a period of great cultural change in literature, art, science, and philosophy. Each aspect of this cultural change occurred through Greek expansion and played a role in shaping the culture of Hellenistic Greeks. The beginning of the expansion of the Greek cultural was caused by the changing of the Greek environment. To begin with, the Greeks developed new technologies that would further their knowledge and even influence the modern world. These technologies include…

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    Sappho Poetry Analysis

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    As I mentioned above, the most common motive was love. It is even disturbing for a modern reader of ancient Greek curse-tablets that we encounter the presence of a ‘venomous and malicious feeling’ in many of the erotic magical rites. The practitioners of love-curses in ancient Greece wish many times to inflict pain, discomfort, annoyance, and profound inner turmoil in their beloved’s body and soul. In ancient Greek literature most of the agents were female and most of the literary spells and…

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    Hera In Greek Mythology

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    inequality shows the male dominance in Greek mythology and also the social inequality of men and women, a gap which has existed since Greek mythology was a religion not a mythology and has only made small steps towards progress since. Overlooking Hera’s justified vengeful acts she also has performed acts of kindness and helped those worthy. In one myth Hera disguises herself as an old woman who needs help crossing a river. Jason, later introduced to King Pelias as the man with one sandal, helps…

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    Two main forms of literature are found throughout Ancient, Classical, and Hellenistic periods—epic and lyrical poetry. Homer, author of the Odyssey and the Iliad, is a famous epic poet of the Ancient age, and Sappho is the greatest lyric poet of that same age who composed works about moods of romantic passion. Poetry was still written in Classical Greece but was emphasized in Hellenistic Greece with the works of Theocritus and Apollonius. Theocritus was a lyrical poet who wrote pastoral and…

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    spring from Poseidon; Poseidon’s spring that he created also serves as an aetion of how a specific river was created near Athens. The river or spring is named Erektheis) the king would decide the victor: the patron deity of his state. In Ovid’s Metamorphoses, it is Jove who decides to hold a contest, and the judges of the contest are Olympian gods and goddesses. One reason for this difference is that the learned Ovid is giving as much respect to Jove as he can. He was being very wary not to…

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