Humanities In Ancient Classical, And Hellenistic Greece

1651 Words 7 Pages
The Humanities in Ancient, Classical, and Hellenistic Greece
The history of Greece is filled with ethos and color through all the ages and societies of the past. Ancient, Classical, and Hellenistic Greek are three civilizations rich in their expression of the humanities. While these cultures are very similar is some ways due to the fact that the people resided in the same country, many of their beliefs and practices were different from one another as they expanded on and learned from the period before them. Things such as science and philosophy, the arts, religion, and daily life, appear in all three of these ages in differing ways.
Gathering knowledge and processing information was important to the citizens of Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic
…show more content…
Each culture depicted males nude and females clothed and focused on realism. The Ancient Greeks sculpted statues of gods, heroes, and ordinary people, and emphasized the health and beauty of the human body. The Classical Greeks’ goal was to imitate nature in their art. There were three styles used in this period: Severe, characterized by dignified nobility and associated with funeral customs; High Classical, fascinated with showing motion and freezing action; and Fourth Century, focused on innovation and free expression. As in the Classical period, Hellenistic Greeks sculpted using realistic proportions and moral and religious themes. Although these themes were still present in their art, Hellenistic statues became more secular and urban, expressing realism and violence for pleasure. Each civilization used sculptures as a way to capture what their daily life looked …show more content…
With the establishment of Poleis two major cities emerged: Sparta and Athens. These two cities were very different in their practices but they coexisted peacefully. During this time the Greeks sent out citizens to colonize other counties to increase their power and resources, which helped spread their ideas, institutions, and artistic achievements. Greek civilizations of the Ancient world preserved democracy after they defeated Persia. In Classical Greece, the Persia tried again to take over Greece but failed. Another military conflict that existed in Classical Greece was war between Athens and Sparta. After fighting for an extended period, the two cities came to a peace agreement that lasted fourteen years, during which time democracy reigned and people enjoyed more rights. With the succession of Alexander the Great, Greece is conquered and an aristocratic government is installed. Hellenistic Greece was ruled by a theocratic kingship where the kings answer to the gods, but in the southwestern territory the kings believed they were gods. There were two major cities in Hellenistic Greece: Alexandria and Antioch. Alexandria was the bigger of the two and offered many attractions. Royal and non-Greek women held more rights put they still lived in a patriarchal society as did the Greeks of Classical and Ancient Greece. The government affected the daily life of the

Related Documents