trying to gain an edge in the negotiations. During these the court appointed District Court Judge Susan Richard Nelson to oversee the issues at hand. Judge Nelson appointed Chief Magistrate Judge Arthur Boylan during the interim. Magistrate Boylan was appointed to oversee the new rounds of negations dealing with the antitrust lawsuit. The NFLPA was noncompliant with this due to the fact that if they renewed the collative bargaining agreement it could compromise the antitrust suit. On April 25 Judge Nelson sided with the players and issued an injunction to end the lockout. Judge Nelson used her interpretation of Norris-La Guardia Act of 1932. Boies disagreed with her interpretation of the law and took the appeal to The Eight Circuit, which has been known to be pro-business. The NFL ended up winning the appeal and had the injunction overturned. This was a victory for the NFL. During these events Magistrate Boylan requested both parties submit new proposals which he kept confidential. By doing so Magistrate Boylan was able to move the negations out of the court room. While Goodell and Smith handled the direction the negotiations were going, the main negotiators were Jeff Pash for the NFL and George Atallah for the NFLPA. There were also owners who participated in several sessions. Magistrate Boylan once again asked for both sides to submit new proposals, which helped the negations move in a positive direction. Key issues that were discussed during this was on…
1. Basic Information:
On the 13th April, 2016, I visited the Melbourne Magistrates’ and heard the case Singh v Prosecution. Mr Jagraj Singh is the accused and the Prosecutor is Senior Constable Lawson. This case is trialled in front of Justice Reardon.
2. Overview of the case
The case that I have heard is a summary offence. Senior Constable Wayne Barras and John Mizzi were on a spotter operation duty on the 14th January 2015 at Footscray Road, West Melbourne. At around 5:25pm, Mr Barras who…
On the 22nd of August I attended the Gympie Magistrates Court from 9am to 12pm. At first glance, the courtroom gave off a welcoming feel with its bright and spacious atmosphere. The prosecution was represented by a police officer as do most lower court cases and the defence was represented by a variety of different representatives, including paid attorneys, legal aid workers and self-representation (Auburn, Hay and Wilkinson 2011; Sarre 2012, 441). A correctional parole officer was…
In addition, there are approximately 350 municipal courts operating locally. There are two appellate-level courts: the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals. Judicial Council of Georgia (2015) educates, in criminal matters magistrates hold preliminary hearings, state courts conduct preliminary hearings in criminal cases, and municipal courts handle preliminary hearings.
American Bar Association. (n.d.) shares, a prosecutor ordinarily relies on police and other investigative agencies for…
The definition of justice is subjective. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines justice as “the maintenance or administration of what is just especially by the impartial adjustment of conflicting claims or the assignment of merited rewards or punishments” and “the establishment or determination of rights according to the rules of law or equity.” Justice is the upholding of what is morally and legally right in the eyes of the law and those that create it. It is the pursuit of truth. And as much…
The Magistrates’ Court is the lowest court in England. It deals mainly with minor criminal such as vandalism and drink driving. All cases begin in the magistrates’ court, and more than 90% of them will be completed there. It also can deal with offences like burglary and drug offences. These are called either-way offences and they can either be heard in the Magistrates’ Court or they can be passed on to the crown court.
The Crown Court deals with more serious criminal acts such as murder and…
non-violent women offenders.
The overall argument suggests that magistrates know very little about female offending, therefore practical improvements and training should be provided (Birkett., 2015).
1. Sentencing choices
2. No legal training
3. Magistrates’ knowledge on community sentencing is inadequate
1. Sentencing choices
• Results showed most magistrates felt they were gender blind, and decisions about sentencing should not differ based on gender (Birkett., 2015).…
The magistrates court is where every criminal case is initiated and where most cases are closed. As high as “95% of all criminal cases are dealt with in the magistrates’ court.” (Courts and Tribunals Judiciary) with only the most serious of cases proceeding to the crown court. The main difference between a magistrate’s court and crown court is that the verdict of whether the defendant is seen as guilty or not guilty comes from the assistance of a jury panel.
There are 3…
In Queensland , there is a process in action that places offending prisons in a Magistrate Court to preside whether or not they shall be put into imprisonments or not. The Australian courts follow a system of diplomatic hierarchy. The Supreme court followed by the District court and then Magistrates court. But before the process of the court a police arrest may occur, this report provided by the police is used as evidence in the process of the hearing.
Furthermore, an advantage for the use of lay magistrates is that there
are few successful appeals in a magistrate’s court, which suggests
that the system is working.
This in turn will boost public confidence in the law enforcement
system, as they will begin to believe that cases can be dealt with
quickly and efficiently.
However, as well as having advantages for the use of lay magistrates,
there are also disadvantages to this.
A disadvantage for the use of lay…