# Heat transfer

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There are three main heat transmitters, they are conduction, convection and radiation. Conduction of heat occurs when molecules increase in kinetic energy, the molecules vibrate and this vibration passes the heat to the surrounding molecules. Conduction only occur in solids. Convection is a type of heat transfer that only occurs with liquids and gases because it involves the liquids and gases physically moving, which a solid is unable to do. Convection happens when there is a difference in…

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Quantity of heat Q = mcθ absorbed or lost by a substance 4. What does specific heat 900 J of heat needs to be supplied to 1 kg of aluminium 900 J kgof aluminium to produce a 1 °C -1 1 °C mean? temperature increase. 5. What does specific heat 4 200 J of heat needs to be supplied to 1 of water 4 200 J kg-1°C-1 kg of water to produce a 1 °C temperature mean? increase. 6. The physical When two objects of equal mass are heated at meaning of equal rates, the object with the smaller specific specific…

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Therefore, the three-dimensional unsteady heat conduction differential equation is: where T (x, t) is the temperature of the spot x at the time t and is also the coefficient of thermal diffusivity used to measure the heat transfer and storage ability of the material, which varies with temperature and position. Equation (5) gives the form of three-dimensional heat transfer function. It is generally difficult to find the analytical solution because of the complexity of the actual solution…

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conditions, as well as the important system parameters are then outlined. Solution algorithm of the model equations is then explained. The effect of the intra-particle diffusion is examined by means of effective mass transfer coefficient. It can be obtained by similarity with heat transfer by conduction. Finally, the criterion for choosing the optimum switching time is set. 4.1. Fluidized Bed Model 4.1.1. Model Assumptions 1- The bed is perfectly mixed hence; all particles have the same…

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container. After that I put a layer of aluminum foil on the bubble wrap and then put cotton balls and extra styrofoam on top of the foil. The last thing I did was put duct tape on all of the cracks in the cardboard box. Conduction is a method of heat transfer, it can only be transferred through direct contact. To minimize conduction I used duct tape to hold down the ice container. In this lab I tried to use a lot of insulators…

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minimizing heat loss via the mechanisms of conduction, convection and radiation. The thermos design must be freestanding and effective against any means of heat loss to the surroundings. This data is then compared to a control, which is a cup of hot water in a polystyrene cup without any sort of insulation and protection against heat transfer to determine the effectiveness of the thermos in regards to heat loss via conduction, convection and radiation. Background Physics: Conduction: Transfer…

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large two-paned window. This is just one of two windows in my dorm room in De Smet Hall. The concept that I will discuss regarding my photo is thermodynamics and transfer of heat. Specifically, I will be discussing conduction from the temperature outside of De smet and the temperature of my dorm room. The material that the energy will transfer through is the two large two-paned windows that are on each wall. I will complete example calculations by measuring the calculating the area of the…

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assumption of the ‘Principle of Heat Exchange’, which is that the principle only holds true if heat is not lost to its surroundings. Although, the loss of heat to its environment (ex. Desk, air, cup, etc.) was attempted to be minimized by quick transfer of the water and object, and the use of a calorimeter, the data proves that there was a loss of heat as the theoretical temperature was higher than the resulting temperature. 2. For part two, compare your specific heat capacity value of the test…

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classifying a compound’s uses. For example, a compound with an explosive energy output can be implemented as a fuel for cars or other vehicles. This is the very reason that accurate information about the heat and/or energy output of alcohols are in high demand in many industries. Fuels release heat whilst they are burning due to the breaking of the reactant and the bond-making of the product. Energy is absorbed to break bonds and energy is released to make bonds between the molecules and atoms…

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Material selection The main purpose of outer material is to provide enough insulation. So minimum heat transfer coefficient is required for the outer material. Other selection criteria are: 1. Cost 2. Environment friendly 3. Availability Alternatives along with heat transfer coefficient are: • Wood : 0.19 w/m/k • Plastics: 0.29 w/m/k • Polystyrene foam: 0.04 w/m/k • Polyurethane foam: 0.03 w/m/k From the above alternative more suitable outer materials are Polystyrene foam and Polyurethane…

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