Decentralization In Hinduism
tradition was formed, in the long history of humanity, in various geographical location, languages, and culture across the Indian subcontinent. The doctrine of the ishtadeva is an important idea in Hinduism. (Rambachan, 6) Ishtadeva, the God of one’s choice, effectively represented the diversity of Hinduism. It suggested that one can choose one name and form of God as the center of his or her religious life. This is possible because God is manifested in many different forms and under various names in Hinduism. This does not mean that there are multiple gods in this religion, but the diversity of the human condition, the limits of human language, and most importantly, the limitlessness of God.
Significantly different from the idea of decentralization in Hinduism, the Islamic perspective of God is theocentric, which means that God is the center of everything, and everything is surrounding God. “There is no god but God.” (Nelson, 95) According to Amy Nelson, the author of Surrendering: An Introduction to Islam, God has no associates, and he does not need any. In Islam, there is even a sin called shirk, which is an act of associating others with God, and this sin cannot be forgiven by God. Muslims believe that associate others with God will distract them from submitting and surrendering to God, which is the sole purpose of believing is God and being Muslims. (Nelson, 96)
At the same time, Confucianism, a major religious tradition in China, has a completely different role for…