Aphasias

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  • Broca's Aphasia Case Study

    A 60-year-old named Gerald suffered a medial cerebral artery infarction which resulted in severe expressive aphasia and right-sided hemiparesis. After one year of speech therapy, Gerald’s articulation improved, but it still takes great effort. He was also severely impaired in his ability to name objects. When his doctor held up a coffee cup, Gerald was unable to name the object, however, he knew it was “something that you hold” and “it holds stuff.” He related his symptoms of not knowing the names of objects to old age. It is already known that Gerald has impaired language production due to his expressive aphasia, also known as Broca’s aphasia. Broca’s aphasia is caused by damage to Broca’s area, which is located in the posterior left frontal…

    Words: 328 - Pages: 2
  • Aphasia Rehabilitation Case Study

    (2007) main goal of aphasia rehabilitation is to improve communicative abilities and to minimize the negative impact of the aphasia on the individual’s life. In the first phase of rehabilitation, speech language therapists (SLTs) mostly provide disorder oriented treatment, aiming at the restoration of natural speech. Recent reviews show that specific language treatment is effective and, as a result, may improve verbal communicative abilities. However, in many aphasic patients, especially in…

    Words: 2076 - Pages: 9
  • Characteristics Affecting Wernicke's Aphasia

    Identified as Brodmann’s area 22. Type: Fluent Severity: Deficits in comprehension, repetition, and naming. Other Characteristics: Speech is characterized by phonemic and semantic paraphasias and neologisms, or jargon aphasia. Patients are often unaware of their language disorder. Reading and writing are also impaired (Papathanasiou & Coppens, 2017). Conduction Aphasia Associated with lesions affecting the left temporal-parietal junction. It has been proposed that conduction aphasia results from…

    Words: 1633 - Pages: 7
  • Stuttering: Disfluency In Speech

    According to National Stuttering Association, “Stuttering is a communication disorder involving disruptions, or “disfluencies,” in a person’s speech.” The word “Stuttering” can also be used for specific type of disfluency or an overall communication challenge that people who stutter face (Zebrowski, 1989). The disfluency in speech is observed in prolongation (I love you Kkkkiran), repetition ( I li li li like you) , abnormal stoppages(no sound), interjections also known as fillers( uh, um, you…

    Words: 928 - Pages: 4
  • The Pyramids And Palm Trees Test (PPT)

    PPA when compared to transcortical sensory aphasia, it is very much alike, in which articulation, repetition, phonology, and syntax are preserved but patient does not comprehend well. Good fluency is retained but as the disease progresses speech is characterized by repetitious clichés and semantic jargon. Lastly, less frequent words are substituted with more familiar ones typically from a superordinate category like “animal” for “dog” (Kertesz & Harciarek, 2014). Patients with logopenic PPA…

    Words: 727 - Pages: 3
  • G. B.: A Case Study

    Personal Information G.B. is a 74-year-old male that endured a left hemisphere cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after his involvement in a vehicular accident on his way to visit his daughter. The CVA resulted in a diagnosis of severe Broca’s aphasia. It has been seven months since the stroke occurred and G.B.’s symptoms have evolved. Medical Background G.B. suffered a stroke caused by damage to the left inferior frontal gyrus. The location of the damage resulted in the right hemiplegia which…

    Words: 1207 - Pages: 5
  • Essay On Language In The Brain

    and speak English. When my mother gave birth to my younger brother, doctors advised us, as a bilingual household, to teach him one language at a time to avoid confusion. It would be interesting to examine this advice with a deeper understanding of language and its manifestation in our brains. Introduction: Language in the Brain The understanding of language has progressed mainly from studying abnormal conditions, most importantly post-mortem analysis of patients with language disorders after…

    Words: 2006 - Pages: 8
  • Broca's Aphasia Summary

    conduction aphasia... He understands everything correctly and always answers questions correctly. ... He shows no trace of motor aphasia .... He cannot, however, find words for many objects he wishes to designate. He makes an effort to find them, becoming agitated in the process, and if one names them for him he repeats the name without hesitation. ... He can say many things fluently, especially familiar expressions. He then comes to a word on which he stumbles, remains caught on it, exerts…

    Words: 921 - Pages: 4
  • Reading Comprehension Strategies

    Reading is essential to everyday living, the failure to read will restrict student’s ability to understand basic Math, Language Arts, Science or Social studies. Students with reading difficulties need support for their deficit in a specific skill with different strategies. The two reading difficulties for ESE students and how I will address the difficulties in my future classroom are difficulty with high – frequency sight words using a multi-sensory approach that combines language experience…

    Words: 1545 - Pages: 7
  • Broca's Aphasia Case Studies

    teacher for 10 years. He had an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) that he had surgery on. During the surgery, complications caused a hemorrhagic stroke in the left middle cerebral artery. The middle cerebral artery delivers fresh blood to the brain, this incident caused damage to the language areas of the left hemisphere. These complications have also led to hemiparesis on the right side of his body, mainly in his right arm, and impaired language abilities. His Speech Language Pathologist and his…

    Words: 1191 - Pages: 5
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