Characteristics Affecting Wernicke's Aphasia

Amazing Essays
INSTRUCTIONS:
I. Please be sure to put your last name (and first initial, if someone shares your last name) in the name of the file you upload, as well as on each page of your responses.
II. The exam is worth 100 points. Points assigned for individual questions are included below.
III. This final exam is to be your own work, no help from or collaboration with anyone else. Please use your own words to express your original thoughts, and reasoning when you respond to questions. If you cite sources for your answer, please use APA 6th formatting for both in-text citations and references.
IV. Please keep your answers to one page maximum. Please format the paper in the following way: 11-point font, 1” margins all around, single spaced, name
…show more content…
Identified as Brodmann’s area 22.
Type: Fluent
Severity: Deficits in comprehension, repetition, and naming.
Other Characteristics: Speech is characterized by phonemic and semantic paraphasias and neologisms, or jargon aphasia. Patients are often unaware of their language disorder. Reading and writing are also impaired (Papathanasiou & Coppens, 2017).
Conduction Aphasia
Associated with lesions affecting the left temporal-parietal junction. It has been proposed that conduction aphasia results from damage to the insula, primary auditory cortex, and the supramarginal gyrus (Damasio, 1998).
Type: Fluent
Severity: Deficits in repetition and naming with preserved comprehension.
Other Characteristics: Speech is characterized by phonemic paraphasias, however, they are aware of their paraphasias and try to correct them. Reading aloud will result in semantic and phonemic paralexias (Papathanasiou & Coppens, 2017).
Transcortical Sensory
Associated with lesions affecting the parietal-occipital region (Adams et al.,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Title of Paper The title of the paper is centered on the first line of the third page and is in uppercase and lowercase letters. Do not italicize the title, bold it, or put it in quotes. The introductory paragraph begins on the line following the title of the paper. The entire paper, including the title page, abstract, body, and references, should be double-spaced. The before/after spacing should be set on zero and the margins should be one inch.…

    • 841 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    CTE is also associated with frontotemporal dementia. According to the Mayo Clinic, frontotemporal dementia is progressive nerve loss in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain. Language is effected in people with frontotemporal dementia (Staff, 2016). Common language disorders seen in those with CTE are dysarthria and dysphasia. Dysarthria is the difficult or unclean articulation of speech that would normally be otherwise normal and dysphasia is a disorder that affects one’s ability to communicate.…

    • 1206 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Therefore learners have difficulties in comprehending the unpredictable English stress Previous studies of phonotactics Researchers have carried out studies on the errors and problems faced by Arab learners of English, such as Al-Shuaibi (2009), Binturki (2008), Barros (2003), Wahba (1998), Altaha (1995), Kharma & Hajjaj (1989), Abdul Haq (1982), Harrison, Prator and Tucker (1975). Majority of the studies were focussed on phonology, morphology and syntax. Al-Shuaibi(2009) study focuses on phonotactics, and finds that learners have problems in pronouncing English initial consonant clusters having three members, and final consonant cluster of three and four members. The study showed some processes Arab learners of English used in pronunciation of the clusters; reduction, deletion and…

    • 1186 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    What Is Dyslexia?

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages

    • Acquired dyslexia: it is usually caused by a traumatic brain damage, (Sternberg, 2009). Brain processes that might be impaired in a child with dyslexia: • Phonological awareness: o This refers to the awareness of spoken language sound structure. o For example a child might say “goa” instead of “goat”. • Phonological reading: o This refers to having difficulty reading words in isolation. • Phonological coding in working memory: o This denotes to recalling (remember) strings of phonemes • Lexical access difficulty: o This refers to the one’s ability to recall phonemes information from long-term memory, (Sternberg, 2009).…

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In moderate Alzheimer’s, there is now profound damage in the areas of the brain that control language, reasoning and sensory processing. There may be increased memory loss and confusion, difficulty recognizing family and friends, inability to learn new tasks, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia and impulsive behavior (“About Alzheimer’s Disease”). In the severe stages of Alzheimer’s disease, individuals affected are not able to communicate and are dependent on others for their care. In this stage, symptoms include weight loss, seizures, skin infections, difficulty swallowing, groaning, moaning or grunting, sleeping more and lack of control of bowel and bladder (“About Alzheimer’s…

    • 1374 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Not all personalities of DID are bad (Meyers, 2014). Some personalities can be in a state of happiness, but it will be false happiness. Many post-traumatic stress disorders are said to be a cause of this disease (Meyers, 2014). Usually, in order to forget something painful from the past a new identity is created to block bad memory. People with this disorder have a weak memory and can memorize something if it is explained to a large extent and in detail (Gillig, 2009).…

    • 1038 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As the name suggests, Wernicke’s aphasia is caused by damage to Wernicke’s area, located near the back of the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain. Being a fluent aphasia, individuals with Wernicke’s aphasia have fluent and connected speech but may have some difficulty with word retrieval. Severely impaired auditory comprehension is the defining symptom of Wernicke’s aphasia, so this should be examined in order to differentiate it from other aphasias and the improvement of which should typically be the foremost target in therapy. Reading comprehension is also affected, as well as naming skills. Therapy with individuals with Wernicke’s aphasia can be difficult because they tend to not be aware of their errors, but some studies have shown that therapy is indeed…

    • 962 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In addition, functional neuroimaging studies of infants also have indicated a strong bias for speech processing to occur in the left perisylvia region (similar to that found for adults). Furthermore, the right hemisphere is equally responsible as the left, particularly for interpreting paralinguistic, gestural information and figurative meanings (Ratey, 2001). Evidence for left hemisphere contributions to spoken language are supported when speech and language functions are lost or impaired secondary to cerebrovascular accidents, brain jury, neurological impairment, etc. For instance, lesions in Broca’s area are associated with nonfluent aphasia characterized by jargon, nonsensical words, and phrases when attempting to speak. In addition, lesions in Wernicke’s area are associated with fluent aphasia, which is characterized by retained function words and fluent but empty-sound speech with loss of content words.…

    • 2302 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Sensorial hearing loss is due to problems of the inner ear and is also known as nerve-related hearing loss. Causes can be exposure to loud noise, head trauma, diseases, genetics, and through aging. Mixed hearing loss is the combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss, meaning that there may be damage in the outer or middle ear and in the inner…

    • 1093 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    According to National Stuttering Association, “Stuttering is a communication disorder involving disruptions, or “disfluencies,” in a person’s speech.” The word “Stuttering” can also be used for specific type of disfluency or an overall communication challenge that people who stutter face (Zebrowski, 1989). The disfluency in speech is observed in prolongation (I love you Kkkkiran), repetition ( I li li li like you) , abnormal stoppages(no sound), interjections also known as fillers( uh, um, you know, like).There is another way to categorise stuttering : within word disfluency and between word disfluency. Within word disfluency such as syllable repetitions , prolongations , dysrhythmic phonation and tense pauses are very commonly observed by people as stuttered speech, however, between word disfluency like interjections, revisions, phrase repetitions and multisyllabic whole-word repetitions are less likely to be labelled as stuttered speech. (Hood: 1986). Stuttering affects people of all ages.…

    • 928 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays