Aphasia

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    Aphasia is a complex and diverse phenomenon. It has two main categorize: Wernicke’s Aphasia and Broca’s Aphasia. Wernicke’s Aphaisa symptoms are where you have a sever impairment of the ability to understand written or spoken words. Also you have fluent, but meaning, speech. Wernicke is known as fluent and sensory aphasia because they can form grammatically correct sentences, but their utterances mean nothing. Broca Aphasia is known as expressive aphasia. It allows the patient to be able to understand words but they can’t speak. (Győrfi 484) To help these patients many speech therapist not only work on speaking but they also work on the emotional part of speech therapy. The emotional elements is are a part of the right hemisphere of the brain,…

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    comprehension is associated with regions within the left hemisphere, it is possible for areas within the right hemisphere to compensate for language deficits in aphasic patients. In this study, the general question is whether or not activation in the right hemisphere is more likely with patients who have severe aphasia, as opposed to patients with mild aphasia who are able to recover by utilizing unaffected language areas or perilesional areas. The main hypothesis is that subjects with chronic…

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    (2007) main goal of aphasia rehabilitation is to improve communicative abilities and to minimize the negative impact of the aphasia on the individual’s life. In the first phase of rehabilitation, speech language therapists (SLTs) mostly provide disorder oriented treatment, aiming at the restoration of natural speech. Recent reviews show that specific language treatment is effective and, as a result, may improve verbal communicative abilities. However, in many aphasic patients, especially in…

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    Identified as Brodmann’s area 22. Type: Fluent Severity: Deficits in comprehension, repetition, and naming. Other Characteristics: Speech is characterized by phonemic and semantic paraphasias and neologisms, or jargon aphasia. Patients are often unaware of their language disorder. Reading and writing are also impaired (Papathanasiou & Coppens, 2017). Conduction Aphasia Associated with lesions affecting the left temporal-parietal junction. It has been proposed that conduction aphasia results from…

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    A 60-year-old named Gerald suffered a medial cerebral artery infarction which resulted in severe expressive aphasia and right-sided hemiparesis. After one year of speech therapy, Gerald’s articulation improved, but it still takes great effort. He was also severely impaired in his ability to name objects. When his doctor held up a coffee cup, Gerald was unable to name the object, however, he knew it was “something that you hold” and “it holds stuff.” He related his symptoms of not knowing the…

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    According to National Stuttering Association, “Stuttering is a communication disorder involving disruptions, or “disfluencies,” in a person’s speech.” The word “Stuttering” can also be used for specific type of disfluency or an overall communication challenge that people who stutter face (Zebrowski, 1989). The disfluency in speech is observed in prolongation (I love you Kkkkiran), repetition ( I li li li like you) , abnormal stoppages(no sound), interjections also known as fillers( uh, um, you…

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    PPA when compared to transcortical sensory aphasia, it is very much alike, in which articulation, repetition, phonology, and syntax are preserved but patient does not comprehend well. Good fluency is retained but as the disease progresses speech is characterized by repetitious clichés and semantic jargon. Lastly, less frequent words are substituted with more familiar ones typically from a superordinate category like “animal” for “dog” (Kertesz & Harciarek, 2014). Patients with logopenic PPA…

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    Broca's Aphasia

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    A vast body of research has been dedicated to developing and refining verb argument structure (VAS) therapies for clients with Broca’s aphasia. Many of these studies have focused on using passive or transitive sentence structures to promote generalization and facilitate the speed of recovery. Other studies have focused using VAS in languages of higher morphosyntactic complexity. Regardless of the specific interest of each study, all VAS research has the common goal of improving the production of…

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    G. B.: A Case Study

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    Personal Information G.B. is a 74-year-old male that endured a left hemisphere cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after his involvement in a vehicular accident on his way to visit his daughter. The CVA resulted in a diagnosis of severe Broca’s aphasia. It has been seven months since the stroke occurred and G.B.’s symptoms have evolved. Medical Background G.B. suffered a stroke caused by damage to the left inferior frontal gyrus. The location of the damage resulted in the right hemiplegia which…

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    and speak English. When my mother gave birth to my younger brother, doctors advised us, as a bilingual household, to teach him one language at a time to avoid confusion. It would be interesting to examine this advice with a deeper understanding of language and its manifestation in our brains. Introduction: Language in the Brain The understanding of language has progressed mainly from studying abnormal conditions, most importantly post-mortem analysis of patients with language disorders after…

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