The Pyramids And Palm Trees Test (PPT)

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PPA when compared to transcortical sensory aphasia, it is very much alike, in which articulation, repetition, phonology, and syntax are preserved but patient does not comprehend well. Good fluency is retained but as the disease progresses speech is characterized by repetitious clichés and semantic jargon. Lastly, less frequent words are substituted with more familiar ones typically from a superordinate category like “animal” for “dog” (Kertesz & Harciarek, 2014). Patients with logopenic PPA their speech is often slowed, with frequent word-finding pauses. Logopenic PPA has been known to be a phonological short-term memory deficit so they have problems with repeating sentences and longer phrases. When it comes to naming objects they often use …show more content…
The Pyramids and Palm Trees Test (PPT) is the only semantic test that utilizes nonverbal responses to access semantic knowledge. There are 7 different ways to administer the PPT but the main one is using 3 pictures. There is a target picture and two more pictures below it, the patient is supposed to point to the picture that best corresponds with the target picture. There are 52 items and it can be administered to patients ages 20-90 (Klein & Buchanan, 2009). The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination- third edition (BDAE-3) has been used to elicit samples from patients with aphasia that assess narrative speech and other subtests (Powell, 2006). The Western Aphasia Battery- Revised (WAB-R) is composed of several subtests that access language performance areas, which includes spontaneous speech, fluency, comprehension, naming, and repetition. This examination can classify the aphasia type based on the combination of these features (Kertesz & Harciarek, 2014). The Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) is a screening instrument used on patients with different types of aphasia. It is composed of 11 questions and it evaluates 6 areas of cognitive function which include, following verbal and written commands, attention, orientation, immediate recall, short-term recall, and language (Khachiyants & Kye, 2012). The Northwestern Anagram Test (NAT) tests accuracy of syntax in sentence production in patients who have difficulty with word production, comprehension, and word finding. This exam is presented with word cards in scrambled order and the patient must assemble them in 30 meaningful sentences (Weintraub, Mesulam, Wieneke, Rademaker, Rogalski, & Thompson, 2009). A Motor Speech Exam is also conducted to evaluate the oral mechanism for speech production. This examination looks at facial symmetry, function of the lips,

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