Oral ulcers are sores inside the mouth or near the mouth. They may be referred to as canker sores or cold sores, which are two types of oral ulcers. Many oral ulcers are harmless and go away on their own. In some cases, oral ulcers may require medical treatment to determine the cause and proper treatment.
In some cases, the cause of this condition may not be known. Common causes include:
• Viral, bacterial, or fungal infection.
• Emotional stress.
• Foods or chemicals that irritate the mouth.
• Injury or physical irritation of the mouth.
• Tobacco use.
Less common causes include:
• Skin disease.
• A type of herpes virus infection (herpes simplex or herpes zoster).…
are acidic with a PH of ____ which is equivalent to ________. When the patient develops a sore or ulceration in the lining it allows the acids to reach the other tissues causing a variety of symptoms. In severe conditions a ulcer may penetrate through all of the layer creating a hole. This is then called a perforation and becomes a emergency situation. The name of the peptic ulcer can be broken down further depending on the location. If the ulcer is located in the stomach it is then…
Helicobacter pylori is an infection that is closely associated with peptic ulcer disease. It took more than a decade before peptic ulcer disease was accepted as an indication for H. pylori eradication therapy.
Helicobacter pylori, more commonly referred to as H. pylori, has infected millions of people around the world. For centuries people living with the disease were misdiagnosed with other gastric illnesses. One of the most common misdiagnoses of the gastro-intestinal issues were…
bicarbonate production, thus reducing the luminal pH in the duodenum. This promotes the development of gastric metaplasia, resulting in the colonization of organisms in these area, leading to the development of duodenal ulcers (Grossman & Porth,…
to offer the best quality of care to our patients involves understanding certain conditions that may cause a need to modify treatment. When treating a patient in the dental office that is ___ with peptic ulcers you must have an understanding of certain aspects of the disease. These being what exactly a peptic ulcer is, etiological factors causing the disease, occurrence of the disease, physical characteristics or symptoms, medical management, oral characteristics seen and finally dental…
List three differential diagnoses for epigastric pain in adults. Include rationale, diagnostic testing, and treatment.
Epigastric is the pain that comes on the upper middle portion of the abdomen. It this can occur due to several conditions i.e. irritable bowel syndrome, peptic ulcer, and pancreatitis, and as a referred pain of myocardial infarction among other minors ones.
Diagnosis and treatment
Peptic ulcer disease
The hormone gastrin causes the stomach to produce too much acid which then leads to peptic ulcers. Zollinger- Ellison Syndrome was first described in 1955 by two gentlemen Zollinger and Ellison. At the time the syndrome consisted of the following triad; gastric acid hypersecretion in the presence of fasting serum hypergastrinemia with secondary severe and sudden peptic ulcer disease and diarrhea.
The sequence of events that happens within Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome is clear. However, the exact…
hospitals and the professionals who are involved should be conscious to maintain quality of service to the ventilated patients. Infection prevention is only the way to prevent from pneumonia. In 2005, for the purpose to reduce the cases for ventilator associated pneumonia “The Institute of Health Care Improvement” introduced the VAP bundle as a part of the 100,000 lives campaign. Most of the institutions designed VAP bundle method while delivering the care to the patient in ICU set up. The VAP…
all the rituals of conformity, the overbearing support of the school system, had been for not. Nothing meaningful arose from it, the class had been a sham.
In many ways the students are the antithesis of Ali. They are active in their opposition to the French system, personified (at least for them) in the form of M. Marin; where Ali passively embraces his station withinGerman society. The students direct their anger and violence outward both at each other and at their teacher, and this is seen…