A 60-year-old named Gerald suffered a medial cerebral artery infarction which resulted in severe expressive aphasia and right-sided hemiparesis. After one year of speech therapy, Gerald’s articulation improved, but it still takes great effort. He was also severely impaired in his ability to name objects. When his doctor held up a coffee cup, Gerald was unable to name the object, however, he knew it was “something that you hold” and “it holds stuff.” He related his symptoms of not knowing the names of objects to old age.
It is already known that Gerald has impaired language production due to his expressive aphasia
, also known as Broca’s aphasia. Broca’s aphasia is caused by damage to Broca’s area, which is located in the posterior left frontal