Thomas Aquinas Essay

  • Evaluation Of Thomas Aquinas

    An Evaluation of the Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas “Because of the diverse conditions of humans, it happens that some acts are virtuous to some people, as appropriate and suitable to them, while the same acts are immoral for others, as inappropriate to them” [Aquinas Part II Question 94]. The classical philosopher Thomas Aquinas makes this interesting and unconventional statement in the second book of Summa Theologica. By stating that because of the diversity of humans, some acts may be viewed as virtuous and therefor just, or immoral and therefor unjust, Aquinas refutes the idea of a common natural law established by Aristotle in Nicomachean Ethics. Through personal experience and refutation of Aristotle’s ideas with support of various philosophers,…

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  • Avicenna And Thomas Aquinas Analysis

    Both Avicenna and Thomas Aquinas articulately explain the nature of the Divine Intellect in their respective works The Salvation, “Metaphysics” and Summa Contra Gentiles: Book One: God. They offer arguments that contrast one another concerning the divine intellect, and in particular, God’s ability to intellect singulars. Despite the convincing nature of Avicenna’s proofs, Aquinas effectively proves God’s knowledge of singulars by a sound argument that supports God’s knowledge of singulars, a…

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  • Free Choice By Thomas Aquinas

    Thomas Aquinas discusses the topic of what is will and if it is free in a vast majority of his essays, such as within On Evil and Summa Theologica. Aquinas tackles the idea of if the will is free and he answers with yes that humans have free will, but why? According to Aquinas the will is free for several reasons, this is in regards to what the will is and how the freedom of that will allows for a choice to be made, to either will the good or not. Therefore, the will is free due to the voluntary…

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  • St. Thomas Aquina Analysis

    laws. Such laws include the ones made by tyrants, the ones that make you love other things more than God and the ones that oppose the divine laws. These laws should never be followed because according to the Acts the Apostles said that we have to obey God instead of men. In this document Aquinas gives three objections concerning these laws. The first objection he makes is that that human law never stays in a man’s mind because a person with a weaker power can’t enforce power on a higher one…

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  • Thomas Aquinas And Christian Beliefs

    However, this essay is not about all the above questions, rather it is about how various theorists question why evil exists if God is all powerful. According to Augustine, evil is the result of the free will of humans, but Thomas Aquinas argues that evil is the privation of “good”. In this essay, theories will be applied to the Christian beliefs of the Enlightenment period. Firstly, the essay will explain what evil is, the types of evil and some ways Christians…

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  • Thomas Aquinas: The Holy War

    Aquinas writes “Summas Theologae” (often referred to as just “Summa”). In his writing he quotes multiple readings from the bible to help come to the final decision on whether war is right or wrong. In his opening point Aquinas quotes, “All who draw the sword will die by the sword” (Matthew 26.52). This draws his conclusion of “Every kind of war, then, is unlawful” (Encounters in World History, p. 110). Aquinas’ does have the right idea because the scripture itself says that if you initiate a…

    Words: 913 - Pages: 4
  • Thomas Aquinas Free Will Analysis

    The will at its core is an appetite, appetites are inclined toward a mean. Through appetitive powers we use our unconscious, intentional, sensing or intellect to reach our desires. All powers reach for their respective good. For Thomas Aquinas will is having the intellectual power to be able to perceive the presence of goodness. Beings with intellect hold “ a knowledge whereby they perceive the aspect of goodness” this inclination is the will. All appetites lean towards some form of goodness.…

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  • Moral Agent Of St. Thomas Aquinas

    philosophers that we’ve studied this semester, in my view St. Thomas Aquinas offers the best account of the moral agent because his works on morality are the most relevant to how morality works in our world. In my paper I will argue in defense of multiple St. Thomas Aquinas’ views on morality and life in general. For example, his view on free will states that God ultimately knows what is going to happen, but that we still have the freedom to make decisions on our own. Even though whichever…

    Words: 1386 - Pages: 6
  • God By Thomas Aquinas: The Existence Of God

    These arguments were initially projected by Thomas Aquinas. The first statement concludes how there must be motion. Motion is evident to our senses therefore it must exist. The problem with this argument is that everything that is moved is also moved by something from the outside. Another problem can be that we have an infinite amount of movers. Lastly for the first part of the argument would be that an unmoved mover must exist also nothing can move itself. The second part of his argument…

    Words: 1953 - Pages: 8
  • Analysis Of St. Augustine And Thomas Aquinas

    human nature and mankind’s ability to reason. Two great notable people emerged in that era, St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. Both these men developed theories that shared their ideas on mankind’s ability to be virtuous and establish moral law. The following exams Augustine and Aquinas’s insights on ethics, human nature, and the ability to do and know the “good,” in order to live a fulfilling life. Both Augustine and Aquinas believed in the ultimate reality of God and that Mankind’s…

    Words: 939 - Pages: 4
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