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  • Ibn Rushd Summary

    of Greek Philosophy and Monotheistic Religions “On July 19, 711, an army of Arabs and Berbers unified under the Islamic Umayyad caliphate landed on the Iberian Peninsula” (M 'Bow 2). Over the next several decades, through diplomacy and warfare, they brought the entire peninsula under Islamic control. The new territories, were referred to as al-Andalus. This region of southern Europe produced a wealth of great thinkers which would influence the development of the modern world. Two such thinkers were Maimonides and Ibn Rushd. Both Maimonides and Ibn Rushd sought to reconcile pagan Greek philosophy with the monotheistic religions of al-Andalus, Islam in Ibn Rushd’s case, Judaism in Maimonides’ case. Ibn Rushd, better known in the West as Averroes, was born in 1126 A.D. in Cordoba. He was the descendant of a distinguished Cordovan family of scholars, and the third generation of his family to hold the office of judge. “Ibn Rushd owes much of his success in life to the patronage by two enlightened caliphs, Abu Yaqub Yusuf and Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur. Caliph Abu Yaqub, brought him to Córdoba and made him chief judge and his personal physician” (M’Bow 14). Under his sponsorship, Ibn Rushd took on the task of commenting on Aristotle’s works. “Ibn Rushd was able to discuss Greek philosophy freely with Abu Yaqub who encouraged him to write his commentaries on the works of Aristotle” (M 'Bow 14). One of those commentaries is “The Decisive Treatise Determining the Nature of the…

    Words: 1115 - Pages: 5
  • The Distinctive Features Of Natural Law And Situation Ethics

    The Distinctive Features of Natural Law and Situation Ethics The theories of natural law and situation ethics are far from concrete, and the impact of the contemporary ‘new natural law,’ led by the American philosopher Germain Grisez, appears to be a great one. Yet despite modern modifications, the two concepts are essentially deep-routed within human thinking. However, they were formulated at opposite ends of the second millennium: St. Thomas Aquinas’ 13th century…

    Words: 966 - Pages: 4
  • Lao Tzu's Analysis

    Throughout the course of Cultural Perspectives, many texts and authors who have contributed to the Great Conversation have been discussed. Ultimately, each author is attempting to find his or her summum bonum or “highest good.” Although each author has a different definition of summum bonum, the majority agrees on the method required to attain the highest good: balance. Whether that balance be implicitly or explicitly accredited for the summum bonum differs for each author. Lao Tzu’s thoughts…

    Words: 1388 - Pages: 6
  • Averroes Argumentary On Plato's Republic

    Averroes (1126-1198) wrote a commentary on Plato’s Republic, and to some extent supported Plato’s idea of a philosopher-king and Farabi’s equation of that Philosophical king being an Islamic Imam. Averroes saw common ground between Shari’ah (Islamic law) and Plato’s general law, and believed there was no conflict between religion and philosophy, and was a supporter of equality for women. “They should be educated and allowed to serve in the military; the best among them might be tomorrow 's…

    Words: 1217 - Pages: 5
  • School Of Athens By Raphael Essay

    the world of ideas; and Aristotle is carrying is work 'Ethic to Nicomaco' and pointing the ground, to the world of experiences, both characters are the point of perspective. According to Vasari, “the scene includes Raphael himself, the Duke of Mantua, Zoroaster and some Evangelists” (Wiki.). Environment Plato and Aristotle to other wise, philosophical, scientific and mathematical Important more of the classical school; Heraclitus of Ephesus "The dark" with the recognizable image of…

    Words: 430 - Pages: 2
  • Sassanid And Byzantine Empire Compare And Contrast

    The two ancient powers who dominated the middle east were Byzantine Empire and Sassanid Empire. The Byzantine Empire controlled over Egypt and a piece of the Mediterranean coastline. Sassanid Empire ruled over Persia. Persia was a great cultural center and influenced Judaism, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism. In 613 Muhammad was preaching his faith. He focused on three themes:Allah was the God, the rich shouldn’t share with the poor, and that men would have a final judgement before Allah.…

    Words: 282 - Pages: 2
  • Portugal Before The Reconquista Analysis

    essential role in the revival of the classics which would lay foundation for the European Renaissance, Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution. What distinguishes Islamic thinkers from Christian thinkers was the integration of religion and ration / education. Islam supported a culture that embraced the investigation of math and science. Arabic thinkers have been known for their very early developments in medicine and math. We still use Arabic numerals in today’s society. Islamic scholars were…

    Words: 1410 - Pages: 6
  • Arabian Empires

    which fundamentally advocating in balanced philosophy with devotion. Up to fifteenth century the west Europe was opposed to philosophy and science because it conflicted with religion. One the great Arab Muslim philosopher at the time was Al-kinidi he was born in Iraq in 800AD. He synthesized in many topics such as mathematics, physics, ethics, logics and philosophy and many more. The Greek philosopher Aristotle chiefly influenced Al Kinidi. Another, greatest thinkers was Ibn Rushd also known as…

    Words: 1354 - Pages: 6
  • Analysis Of The Five Ways By Thomas Aquinas

    Thomas Aquinas, a Catholic priest and a philosopher, became the catalyst for a new era of medieval philosophical thinking. Aquinas’ philosophical theories revitalized the link between philosophy and theology in Western Christian Europe at a time when Europe looked likely to follow the footsteps of the Muslim world by spurning their own innovative thinker just like the Muslims had done with Averroes. However, Aquinas’ works including the most famous one, Summa Theologica, were widely acclaimed…

    Words: 939 - Pages: 4
  • How Did Islamic Culture Influence Western Civilization

    Mosques, fortresses, markets and palaces soon became a big part of daily life. The arts were a major influence for Muslims. Throughout the period of their influence, the Muslims were expressing themselves in many different ways. Gradually, appreciation for the Islamic arts grew, especially after they began to flourish in the tenth century. Human miniatures in painting and the art of manuscript illumination were both popular. It was held in high esteem by wealthy Europeans & many medieval…

    Words: 833 - Pages: 4
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