2001 anthrax attacks

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  • Anthhrax Synthesis Essay

    The FBI’s investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks revealed several failures of sensemaking, both at the level of specific FBI investigatory procedures, and at the broader level of organizational sensemaking and identity threats. The sensemaking model is helpful for understanding the FBI’s actions because the former failures in sensemaking likely caused broader identity threats that could have, and should have triggered sensemaking at the organizational level. The FBI, in its investigation of Mr. Hatfill and Dr. Ivins, erred far too heavily on their enacting role, essentially forcing their investigation into a mold that held one of these two men as the criminal, and essentially manufacturing evidence to fit that goal. This extreme failure to read cues, and heavy reliance on proactive shaping of the environment in spite of cues pointing to the suspects innocence, can rightly be called sense faking, since it ignores real cues in favor of a chosen interpretation of the criminal environment that is then forced upon the facts. During the fall of 2001, five or more letters were received in the mail by the offices of two U.S. Senators, and news organizations in New York and Florida. The letters contained a dry, powdered, and airborne form of the anthrax bacteria, as well as a handwritten note (D.O.J., 2010). As a result of these mailings, five people lost their lives, 31 more…

    Words: 2109 - Pages: 9
  • Amerithrax Case Study

    Applying Sensemaking to the Amerithrax Case In September 2001, America experienced a biological attack on US soil that resulted with the death of 5 americans and 17 being infected from letters laced with anthrax. As a result of this national crisis, the FBI was given the task of investigating the anthrax attack. This was the very first time that the FBI handled a case like this. In order to solve the anthrax case, the FBI used sensemaking. Sensemaking is the process of how an organization…

    Words: 1584 - Pages: 7
  • Argumentative Essay On Anthrax

    Anthrax is thought to be an ancient illness. While there is no way to be completely sure, as it was not referred to as anthrax at the time, many scholars date anthrax all the way back to 700 BC during the periods of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia (CDC, 2016). According to the CDC, “Many scholars think that in Moses’ time, during the 10 plagues of Egypt, anthrax may have caused what was known as the fifth plague, described as a sickness affecting horses, cattle, sheep, camels and oxen” (CDC,…

    Words: 1135 - Pages: 5
  • Anthrax Research Paper

    Anthrax Outbreak Out of all of the diseases, anthrax seems to have the most potential for a massive outbreak. In its respiratory form, anthrax could easily be spread globally. It’s high mortality rate and typically short incubation period would allow casualties to increase quickly. The most effective way to create an outbreak of anthrax would be through direct acts of bioterrorism. As anthrax is not communicated person-to-person the spores would have to be continually introduced into the…

    Words: 873 - Pages: 4
  • Anthrax Essay

    If there is one disease that is deadly for both Animals and Humans it would be anthrax. It is an infectious disease of animals and humans. The causation of it is a bacterium called Bacillus anthracis that mostly affects cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, and goats (MedlinePlus, 2016). This disease can be fatal for these sort of animals, and it kills its host by producing a toxin that kills the cells causing fluid to build up in the body’s tissues (Mock, Michele, Fouet, & Agnes, 2001). Adding to its…

    Words: 1852 - Pages: 8
  • Bioterrorism Research Paper

    Anthrax, smallpox and plague potential bioterrorism agents and are caused by microbial pathogens. Bioterrorism is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be changed to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment. These…

    Words: 1251 - Pages: 6
  • Bacillus Cereus Lab Report Answers

    a green stained endospore (Wilkosz, Peterson), but I must have over rinsed with water because the cells appeared clear with an outline, and the spores that were seen appeared as black dots. c. The first test performed was the gram stain, the purple color indicated that it was gram positive, this removes all gram negative possibilities including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonaie, and Proteus vulgaris. Since I also observed that the bacteria were rod shaped, it excluded the cocci…

    Words: 1479 - Pages: 6
  • False Flag Attacks

    Would your government ever hurt you? The definition of a false flag attack is a horrific staged event blamed on a political enemy and used as a pretext to start a war or enact draconian laws in the name of public security. Yes your government would hurt you and probably already has. The US government declassified documents that show in 1962 the united stated has plans to blow up american airplanes and commit acts of terror on american soil and blame it on cubans to justify war with cuba, this…

    Words: 1242 - Pages: 5
  • Happy Birthday Message

    Hey. Happy birthday! I hope you 've been having a great summer so far and it 'll be even better after your 17th! I kinda miss you and I 'm still hoping to get a text from you someday saying that we can give it another shot or start over but I 'm not expecting it. I really regret what I did. Everyday I regret it. I wish it didn 't happen. Good luck at GHP and with your subject SATs, and I already know you got a 5 on all your AP exams! I have no doubt that you will get a 5 on the national exams. I…

    Words: 1709 - Pages: 7
  • The Stanley Parable Analysis

    This essays main analysis will focus around the element of control that hypertexts possess. I’m going to be looking at how specific features of the hypertext are affected by control, and in turn, how these influence the readers/players decisions. The hypertext narrative I have chosen to analyse is a game called The Stanley Parable written by Davey Wreden. The game involves you playing as a man named Stanley who one day believes all his co-workers are gone. It is narrated by a voiceover who gives…

    Words: 1164 - Pages: 5
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