Xun Zi

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    Hsun-Tzu, better known as Xunzi was one of the three sophisticated philosophers in Confucian Philosophy. In the Confucian era, Xunzi was familiarized with many challenges. Xunzi’s philosophy is based on the conception of social and political order. Xunzi, not like any other philosopher, is known for his belief that man’s nature is evil and goodness is the result of conscious activity. Xunzi believes that human nature lacks morality, which leads to the rise of disorder and conflict. In the nature of man, if man is born with the desire of wants, it will lead him to false ideas of goodness that can result in violence and crime, making man a criminal. Xunzi believes that man should not follow their own nature, otherwise they will become lost. Instead man should follow the guidelines of society, be transformed by the instructions of a teacher and understand ritual principles. Only then will he be able to overcome evil. In Xunzi’s view this is what human nature is. “Ritual is crucial for reforming humanity’s original nature” according to the encyclopedia of philosophy. Xunzi says that man’s nature is evil, which I believe to be true. Evil is a manifestation of people’s action that is generally immoral or malevolent. Evil is also a form of selfishness in others. For example, a baby crying for an unknown reason is evil or having a temper tantrum at a young age would also be a form of evil. We are all born evil. The only way to insure we do not remain evil is by being taught. At a…

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    Confucianism was originated by Confucius, an ancient Chinese philosopher, and was then championed by both Mencius and Xunzi. During the same time period roughly, Shang Yang and Shen Buhai developed a new ideological system known as Legalism. Both philosophies found popularity in ancient China, though they hold very different ideals. At first glance, the ancient Chinese philosophies Confucianism and Legalism seem to be polar opposites in regards to government, education, and social relationships.…

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    Nature Good or Bad? Xunzi and Mencius were two of the three great Confucian philosophers, along with Confucius, but although they were both Confucian philosophers they had greatly differing viewpoints on human nature. Xunzi believed that humans by nature were bad and that the only way they could become good was by deliberate efforts. Mencius believed that human nature was good and that they were born with virtuous characteristics inside of them already, these characteristics just needed to be…

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    The Notion Of Qing

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    Hansen, believes that qíng means “reality feedback” or “reality input” supported by a book named Huainanzi. The author of this chapter also has his own interpretation and understanding of qíng in four famous Chinese literature book- The Xing Zi Ming Chu, Xun Zi, Huainanzi, and Dong Zhongshu. In Xing Zi Ming Chu,…

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    Kevin Perez Dr. Fuller 19 October 2015 First Paper Assignment Mencius: The True Confucius Student The forth-fronting idea that has been questioned for centuries consists of dissecting what separates humans from the rest of mankind. Ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius spends a lifetime deciphering how humanity should live their lives to ensure that is well spent. In Chinese Confucius philosophy, there exists a debate that argues who is the best recipient of Confucius’ ideals and…

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    born into can be absolved. Aside from the horrible things done in the name of religion, it is unable to save humanity from its own nature simply because faith is yet another practice in self preservation, not an amplification of the good in humanity. If an individual is told that he will suffer unimaginable torture if he does not have faith and serve a deity, any good that comes of that persons faith would be a result of deep existential fear, not a true desire to do good. And if that individual…

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    A key component of its opinion can be seen in the words of Lau Zi, who declares that “the people are difficult to govern: it is because those in authority are too fond of action that the people are difficult to govern.” Daoism’s accepting attitude reminds students that the best solution is often to do nothing at all. It offers a calm mindset, which would aid millions (possibly billions) of hyper-scheduled and overextended people. If this bird’s-eye view was taken by governments across the globe,…

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    Xun Zi said that, “Human nature is evil, and goodness is caused by intentional activity”. Macbeth displays the tendencies of human nature to be evil as well as the ways in which it attempts to be good. The author and playwright William Shakespeare, also uses character foil to show the extreme differences in morals, ambition, and the tendencies of human nature. The characters Macbeth and Banquo personify the ambiguity of good and evil. They are both portrayed as ambitious men, but as…

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    The Chinese philosopher, Xun Zi stated; “A person is born with feelings of envy and hate. If he gives way to them, they will lead him to violence and crime, and any sense of loyalty and good faith will be abandoned.” This quote depicts that if one commits an act of violence then his or her good faith will be tarnished. Therefore, using violence as a means to gain power is immoral and will negatively affect one 's conscious. Concomitant to this, in Shakespeare 's allegorical tragedy, Macbeth, the…

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