Xun Zi

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  • Similarities Between Legalism And Confucianism

    Confucianism was originated by Confucius, an ancient Chinese philosopher, and was then championed by both Mencius and Xunzi. During the same time period roughly, Shang Yang and Shen Buhai developed a new ideological system known as Legalism. Both philosophies found popularity in ancient China, though they hold very different ideals. At first glance, the ancient Chinese philosophies Confucianism and Legalism seem to be polar opposites in regards to government, education, and social relationships. While this is true in many regards, a middle ground does exist in some aspects as both philosophies share a common belief in equality. One of many differences between the belief systems is their perception of human nature. According to Confucius, humans are born with naturally good intentions, but they can only be truly good through the learning of humaneness, rightness, ritual, and wisdom (Lecture 9/4). Mencius, a contemporary of Confucius, created a story to explain the natural goodness of humans (Lecture 9/9). He explains that if a child were to fall into a well, a human beings initial reaction would be to save the child (Lecture 9/9). Essentially, Mencius claims that, “All human beings have a mind that cannot bear to see the sufferings of others” (de Bary 129). This compassion is believed to be innate in all humans by Mencius (Lecture 9/9). Xunzi had yet another differing view. Xunzi, though a follower of Confucianism, believed that human nature was not naturally good (Lecture…

    Words: 1685 - Pages: 7
  • Hsun-Tzu's Confucian Philosophy

    Hsun-Tzu, better known as Xunzi was one of the three sophisticated philosophers in Confucian Philosophy. In the Confucian era, Xunzi was familiarized with many challenges. Xunzi’s philosophy is based on the conception of social and political order. Xunzi, not like any other philosopher, is known for his belief that man’s nature is evil and goodness is the result of conscious activity. Xunzi believes that human nature lacks morality, which leads to the rise of disorder and conflict. In the nature…

    Words: 1514 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of Mencius: The True Confucius Student

    Kevin Perez Dr. Fuller 19 October 2015 First Paper Assignment Mencius: The True Confucius Student The forth-fronting idea that has been questioned for centuries consists of dissecting what separates humans from the rest of mankind. Ancient Chinese philosopher Confucius spends a lifetime deciphering how humanity should live their lives to ensure that is well spent. In Chinese Confucius philosophy, there exists a debate that argues who is the best recipient of Confucius’ ideals and…

    Words: 1068 - Pages: 5
  • Is Human Nature Naturally Good Or Evil Essay

    born into can be absolved. Aside from the horrible things done in the name of religion, it is unable to save humanity from its own nature simply because faith is yet another practice in self preservation, not an amplification of the good in humanity. If an individual is told that he will suffer unimaginable torture if he does not have faith and serve a deity, any good that comes of that persons faith would be a result of deep existential fear, not a true desire to do good. And if that individual…

    Words: 2004 - Pages: 9
  • Legalism Daoism And Absolutism

    A key component of its opinion can be seen in the words of Lau Zi, who declares that “the people are difficult to govern: it is because those in authority are too fond of action that the people are difficult to govern.” Daoism’s accepting attitude reminds students that the best solution is often to do nothing at all. It offers a calm mindset, which would aid millions (possibly billions) of hyper-scheduled and overextended people. If this bird’s-eye view was taken by governments across the globe,…

    Words: 1109 - Pages: 5
  • The Ambiguity Of Good And Evil In William Shakespeare's Macbeth

    Xun Zi said that, “Human nature is evil, and goodness is caused by intentional activity”. Macbeth displays the tendencies of human nature to be evil as well as the ways in which it attempts to be good. The author and playwright William Shakespeare, also uses character foil to show the extreme differences in morals, ambition, and the tendencies of human nature. The characters Macbeth and Banquo personify the ambiguity of good and evil. They are both portrayed as ambitious men, but as…

    Words: 864 - Pages: 4
  • The Importance Of Violence In Shakespeare's Macbeth

    The Chinese philosopher, Xun Zi stated; “A person is born with feelings of envy and hate. If he gives way to them, they will lead him to violence and crime, and any sense of loyalty and good faith will be abandoned.” This quote depicts that if one commits an act of violence then his or her good faith will be tarnished. Therefore, using violence as a means to gain power is immoral and will negatively affect one 's conscious. Concomitant to this, in Shakespeare 's allegorical tragedy, Macbeth, the…

    Words: 1398 - Pages: 6
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