Schizotypy

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    levels of schizotypal personality traits. There is a big difference between schizotypy and schizophrenia however (or any other severe mental illness). Schizotypy consists of a range of personality traits that are found in some degree in everyone. Schizotypal traits have often been categorised into two types (Kelley & Coursey, 1992; Raine & Allbutt, 1989; Venables et al., 1990). “Positive” schizotypy includes usual perceptual experience, thin mental boundaires between self and other, impulsive nonconformity and magical beliefs. “Negative” schizoptypy reflects a pattern of social withdrawal, cognitive disorganisation and anhedonia that may later manifest itself as negative symptoms of schizophrenia (anhedonia meaning difficulty experiencing pleasure from social interactions and activities that are enjoyable for most people). It was found that people with positive schizotypy typically resemble schizophrenia patients more than the negative schiztypy dimensions (Nettle, 2005). Researches Mark Batey and Adrian Furnham (2008) found that the unusual experiences and impulsive nonconformity dimensions of schizotypy, but not the cognitive disorganisation dimension, were significantly related to self ratings of creativity, a creative personality and everyday creative achievement among thirty-four test activities (short stories, music composition, website creation). Neuroscience findings support the link between schizotypy and creative cognition. Hilaru Takeuchi and his colleagues…

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    Schizotypy And Empathy

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    investigate the relationship between schizotypal personality and social cognitive functioning, in particular empathy and ToM. It was hypothesised that higher schizotypy would be associated with lower empathy and further, that negative schizotypal traits would have a higher association with lower empathy than positive schizotypal traits. Results from this study support the hypothesis as schizotypy was found to be negatively correlated with empathy, such that higher scores on the SPQ resulted in…

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    Angela Pressely Case Study

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    Introduction Angela Pressely is a 25 year old African American woman who presents Schizotypal personality disorder. There is no history of other psychiatric problems or medical problems reported from her. Angela Pressely graduated college with a bachelors degree in Biology and recently began her masters in forensic science. She received her bachelors degree at University of Maryland and is now starting her masters degree at Virginia state university. She is a single woman who has a hard time…

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    Psychoanalysis of Emily Grierson Serious mental illnesses affect millions of people in the United States alone. Approximately four percent of Americans meet the criteria to receive a diagnosis for a serious mental illness (SMI). The human persona has been extensively discussed by authors for centuries. William Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily” provides the reader a glimpse into the psyche of the main character, Emily Grierson. Miss Emily Grierson, who lives as an outsider in Faulkner’s sleepy,…

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    Research (Lezenweger, 2010) found that there are many negative schizotypy traits linked with schizophrenia. Lezenweger (2010) defines schizotypy as an underlying personality construct, rather than a set of explicit behaviours, which may indicate a hidden risk of future development of…

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    version of the mental illness while avoiding the debilitating aspects?” Research shows that psychologically healthy biological relatives of people with schizophrenia have unusually creative hobbies and careers, and show higher levels of schizotypal personality traits (please note that schizotypy is NOT schizophrenia). Schizotypy consists of a constellation of personality traits that are evident in some degree in everyone. There are two types of schizotypy. The positive schizotypy includes…

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    order to achieve 3 conditions of psychopathic disorders, researchers had their subjects first complete 3 personality questionnaires: the Autism-Spectrum Quotient Scale (AQ), the Schizotypy Personality Questionnaire (SPQ-B), and the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (SPR-III). They then asked participants to fill out the 2-dimensional scale on the 9 entities. With this framework, the researchers predicted that those with high scores on the Autism scale would detect less agency in other humans, while…

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    and those with mental illness are very similar and help further the explanation of their relationship. In this case, a genius is someone who is exceptionally creative or intelligent in a specific area. There are many famous writers and artists who have suffered from troubling mental illnesses that helped them to devise their most well-known paintings or novels. Neuroscientist Andreas Fink and his colleagues from the University of Graz conducted a study comparing the brains of creative people…

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    False Memory

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    consisted of discovering whether or not those victims who were sexually abused as a child are more prone to creating false memories than those who were not. As a result of this testing, Dr. Clancy was accused of being insensitive to abuse victims. Instead of continuing her research on child abuse victims, she turned to study aliens. Susan Clancy wrote a book called Abducted: How People Come to Believe They Were Kidnapped by Aliens, that was published in October 2005. Her book Abducted talks…

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    Causes Of Social Anhedonia

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    As expected from the study, many of the participants showed the signs of the schizotypy condition called social anhedonia, which is the lack of ability to experience happiness from activities that would normally be enjoyable. An example of these sort of activities would be talking to peers. The individuals determined to have social anhedonia were more likely to have less Facebook friends, frequently speak less, share fewer pictures, have a Facebook profile that displayed greater length. The…

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