Plasmodium falciparum

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    Roundworm Research Paper

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    Parasitic worms are living all around us, many of us unaware or seemingly unthreatened by the harms they cause. Infection and disease caused by different types of worms that feed off a host are more common than most think. Ascariasis is the most common disease contracted by a type of roundworm called Ascaris Lumbricoides. Over 800 million people are infected by this disease worldwide, although it is more common in places outside the United States. All the types of roundworm cause different diseases, invading hosts and taking nutrients through a symbiotic relationship. The Ascaris Lumbricoides roundworms reproduce sexually and are the second largest phylum in the animal kingdom. They thrive in places where malnutrition and unsanitary conditions are present. They live in water and on land, between aquatic sediment or on the sediment surface. Roundworms make up a large portion of freshwater habitats biomass. The body structure of a roundworm has no skeleton, but does have a digestive system. Its nervous system consists of two nerve cords that transmit impulses to the rest of its body. It has no formal respiratory system, and also lacks a circulatory system, having no heart or blood vessels. It is round and thin and has bilateral symmetry which means it is divisible into symmetrical halves. Some studies try to prove that parasitic worms can have health benefits for certain reasons, but the roundworm causing Ascariasis is all around harmful to its host. Ascariasis is a…

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    parasitic diseases in the population (Pullan and Brooker, 2008; Froeschke et al., 2010, Patz et al 2000). Plasmodium falciparum is the commonest specie of Plasmodium parasite responsible for the many cases of malaria morbidity and death reported in sub-Saharan Africa (Hay et al., 2000; WHO 2014)). Children and pregnant women are particularly susceptible to Plasmodium falciparum infection because of rudimentary and altered immunity respectively (Bull, Marsh. 2002; Guyatt and Snow, 2004).…

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    Malaria Case Study Essay

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    Introduction Malaria is a lethal disease caused by the Plasmodium species that are transmitted to people through bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.1 There are 5 known Plasmodium species and among these, the P. falciparum is the most dangerous and deadly.1 According to the latest studies, there are approximately 198 million cases of malaria in 2013 and an estimated 584 000 deaths.2 However, Malaria mortality rates have decreased by 54% in the WHO African Region and nearly 47% globally…

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    How Does Mefloquine Work?

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    Introduction: Mefloquine (also known as Mefloquine Hydrochloride) sold under the name Lariam, is type of drug that prevents and treats malarial patients, in other words Mefloquine is a antimalarial drug. Mefloquine consists of a fluorinated derivative of quinoline (a chemical compound). Mefloquine acts as a 250mg salt tablet or a 228mg base tablet (CDC Gov.). Malaria, the cause from the beginning/the diseases, is a really serious disease that can cause death if not treated right away. Malaria…

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    In Mosquito Empires, J. R. McNeil exemplifies how interwoven human life can be with outside forces and he provides a well-written account of how something as small as a mosquito indefinitely changed history. Yellow fever and malaria, caused by the mosquito, played an important part in the conquest of the Caribbean. This book bestows a detailed approach to how history and war can be forever altered in the face of deadly disease outbreak. In lieu of the vast majority of works that largely focus on…

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    I, along with what I can only assume is 99% of the human population, have often found myself wondering why cruelty exists in a supposedly good world. If there is a benevolent God, why are there mosquitoes, which infect millions of people with malaria each year? Why are there dart frogs that produce poison potent enough to kill 10 grown men? Why is there the ichneumon fly, which injects its victims with eggs that eat the unfortunate victim from the inside out as they hatch? The ichneumon, which…

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    control malaria though GMO mosquitoes. Dr. Michael Riehle is leading the development of mosquitoes with a group of scientists by modifying the mosquitoes’ genome in a way that would cause Plasmodium parasite would no longer be able to induce infection (Global Genes (Ed.). ““The eradication scenario requires three things: A gene that disrupts the development of the parasite inside the mosquito, a genetic technique to bring that gene into the mosquito genome and a mechanism that gives the mosquito…

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    Ghana, Democratic Republic of Congo and Cameroon. Nigeria had 26% of deaths in the world in 2015 This is followed by 7 percent in Southeast Asia region. Countries here include India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Cambodia. Factors that Contribute to Spatial Pattern There are many natural and cultural factors that contribute to the clustered and concentrated spatial pattern of the global pattern topic, malaria. This includes, poverty, education, lack of access to effective treatment, climates and…

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    invasion and destruction of the red blood cells. It is during the infection of the blood stage that causes the actual symptoms of malaria. It takes about 10 to 18 days for the parasites that are found called sporozoites which are found in the salivary glands of the mosquitoes. When the female mosquito bites another human the sporozoites are transferred from the mosquito’s salvia into the human, infecting the liver cells where the cycle starts all over. We see major damage in humans while the…

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    Malaria Avoidable Killer

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    Dani Amir Diane Fingers Senior Lit Comp 10 December 2015 Malaria, the Avoidable Killer Malaria kills more people than smoking per year! Malaria is a disease in third-world countries, caused by a parasite that infects the mosquitoes feeding on people. According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control), there are four types of parasites that infect people: Plasmodium Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale, and P. Malariae. There are about 198 million cases of…

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