Parathyroid gland

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  • Sex Differences

    The enlargement of two or more glands is also a causation. The noncancerous growth also called adenoma is the most common cause followed by enlargement or hyperplasia. Having a cancerous tumor is a rare cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Although this form of hyperparathyroidism occurs randomly, some patients inherit a gene that causes the disorder. This is known as the familial isolated hyperparathyroidism and it is due to mutations in the MEN1, CDC73, or CASR gene. The MEN1 gene is the guideline for the production of the protein menin that acts as a tumor suppressor. It prevents cells from growing and dividing too rapidly. Mutations of the MEN1 gene result in an altered menin protein that is no longer able to control cell growth and division The CDC73 gene allows for the making of the parafibromin protein which is a tumor suppressor as well. A mutation here causes a decrease of the parafibromin protein. The CASR gene is involved in the production of the calcium-sensing receptor protein (CaSR). CaSR helps to regulate the amount of calcium in the body, by controlling the production of the parathyroid hormone. The calcium molecules bind to the CaSR and this activates the receptor. The activated receptor sends signals to block the production and release of the parathyroid hormone. A mutation here allows only abnormally high concentrations…

    Words: 1336 - Pages: 6
  • Diet Sodas And Soda Diets

    gain- either to stave off hunger between meals or as a replacement for calorie-containing beverages. Many women drink over 20 diet sodas per week.”(diseaseproof) The question is, are diet sodas destroying people’s bone structures? Diet soda contains many different ingredients, and many of which can be harmful to the body. These drinks may cause osteoporosis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, strokes, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and many other health problems. The ingredient that is the…

    Words: 1165 - Pages: 5
  • Essay On Pituitary Adenoma

    Overview A pituitary adenoma is a benign growth that occurs in the pituitary gland. Sometimes when the pituitary gland becomes covered with tumor-like growths it begins to secrete an excess of hormones. Though mostly benign, these tumors can still cause problems throughout the body. Definition & Facts The pituitary gland is located below the brain and above the nasal passages. This gland belongs to a system known as the endocrine system that includes the pancreatic gland, adrenal gland,…

    Words: 1192 - Pages: 5
  • Chapter 18 Endocrine System Exam

    decrease basal metabolic rate. B) up regulate beta receptors C) impair body growth. D) decrease the effects of norepinephrine on the heart and blood vessels. E) decrease protein synthesis. ____ 67. Calcitonin A) is synthesized by the parathyroid glands. B) acts primarily on osteoblasts. C) decreases blood Ca2+ levels. D) acts synergistically with calcitriol. E) acts permissively with PTH. ____ 68. The parathyroid glands A) are embedded within the thyroid gland. B) contain chief cells, which…

    Words: 3795 - Pages: 16
  • Essay On Endocrine System

    of the body. Hormones are chemical messengers that travel throughout the bloodstream to other tissues. These hormones are secreted by endocrine glands throughout the body. Hormones help with the functions of certain organs and glands and help with digestion, muscle contraction, sex hormones for reproduction, sleep, and much more. They can really dictate how chemicals in the body react. The major function of the endocrine system is to maintain the body’s homeostasis. There are three different…

    Words: 396 - Pages: 2
  • The Pituitary Gland Is The Seat Of The Soul

    Outline Introduce the problem 1-2 sentences 50 words Decades have passed and the science community researched and were still not able to discover the biological function of the pituitary gland that was said to be the " seat of the soul". Philosophers have claimed that the pituitary gland is the habitat of the soul Before criticizing the claim, articulate it clearly so that we understand why someone would make each a claim. In other words, present the argument of your opponent in debate,…

    Words: 1656 - Pages: 7
  • Endocrine System Essay

    The endocrine system is one of the major systems in the body, it is one of the two systems established for regulating the body to achieve homeostasis. This system plays a role in long distance intercellular communication, coordination, and homeostasis control (Rice University-Open Stax, 2016). It is made up of a collection of glands which produce hormones, regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, mood, in addition to a plethora of other…

    Words: 1091 - Pages: 5
  • 'Writing Assignment 2: The Mumps'

    It’s caused by a virus that can be transmitted by swapping spit with loose women,” say Dr. Strangelove (Roth, Sullivan, 2015). After taking a look at his medical record, it seems that Glen had already had his MMR vaccinations for the mumps years ago. He had the first dose between 15-18 months old and the second dose between 4-6 months old (CDC, 2015). “The only thing you can do is sit it it out,” says Dr. Strangelove. “You see, because mumps is a virus, it doesn’t respond to antibiotics or…

    Words: 830 - Pages: 4
  • Homeostasis Research Paper

    certain jobs to perform. Hormones releases certain chemicals that will have a good or bad effect on the body. Hormones have to be at a certain level if not you will become sick. Reference Cannon, W. B., (2014). Homeostasis: The Wisdom of the Body. New York: W.W. Norton, 1932. Retrieved from http://www.biologyreference.com/Ho-La/Homeostasis.html Natural Resources Defense Council, (1998). Endocrine Disruptors: Retrieved from http://www.nrdc.org/health/effects/qendoc.asp Saladin,…

    Words: 1065 - Pages: 5
  • Acute Stress Response Essay Introduction

    the constriction or dilation of blood vessels and airways in the lungs known as bronchioles (You & Your Hormones). The autonomic nervous system is made up of two parts, the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system triggers the fight or flight response, providing the body with bursts of energy so it can respond properly to potential dangers. The parasympathetic nervous system promotes the rest and digest response that is responsible for…

    Words: 2243 - Pages: 9
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