Adrenal cortex

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    I Blame the Hormones By: Taylor Aubin Organs and tissues that make up the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, suprarenal glands, pineal gland, parathyroid glands, heart, kidneys, adipose tissue, digestive tract, pancreas, and gonads. The effects of the endocrine system are vast and impact almost every organ and cell of the body. This system produces hormones that help maintain homeostasis through the regulation of metabolism, growth, tissue function, sleep, reproduction, mood and more. This is similar to the nervous system which also regulates the activities of cells, tissues, organs, and systems of the body to preserve homeostasis. As glandular secretory cells, endocrine cells release secretions…

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    his team set up a series of experiments in order to better understand the working relationship between the pituitary and adrenal glands. They hypothesized that the release of cortin from the adrenal cortex was regulated by the anterior lobe of the pituitary. At the time, it was established that treating animals with high doses of cortin caused the adrenal cortex to regress, and that the same effect was also observed when mice were hypophysectomized. Dr. Ingle organized six experimental groups…

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    Glucocorticoid are primarily used therapeutically as anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent. They are secreted from the adrenal cortex of the adrenal gland in a circadian manner or in response to stress perceived by the brain. They are able to modulate physiological homeostasis and coordinate those adaptive responses to stressors. An imbalance in glucocorticoid levels, specifically chronic glucocorticoid has been associated with a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, specifically…

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    release is stimulated by the corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) which stimulates the release of corticosteroids (e.g. cortisol) from the adrenal glands. ACTH plays a major role as response to any biological stress in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis…

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    Glucocorticoids Case Study

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    Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones which are produced predominantly in response to stress in the adrenal gland (Davis & Sandman 2010; Korgun et al. 2012). The physiological effects of glucocorticoids occur when the hormone are bind to, and mediated by the glucocorticoid receptor (Erhuma 2012). It plays a wide range of vital physiological roles that are necessary for healthy implantation and pregnancy processes (Korgun et al. 2012). As glucocorticoids are critical in the regulation of the…

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    Epoprostenol • Definition of epoprostenol (Flolan). - Epoprostenol belongs to some hormones which present in the body naturally called prostaglandins. - It is derived from arachidonic acid . This medication is taken by a continuous injection in the vein by the use of an infusion pump . - Generic Name: Epoprostenol sodium - Brand Name : Flolan Fig. 1 Chemical structure of epoprostenol • During comparison between two GPs of patients with PPH.one of them are treated with…

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    The Endocrine System

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    The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones, which regulate metabolism, growth & development, sexual function, reproduction, sleep & mood, and tissue function. The endocrine system is made up of the pituitary gland, thryroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, and testicles. (Frucht, 2012 p.315). A gland selects and removes materials from the blood, hormones then travel through the blood to target organs to adjust their activity. This system…

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    The 8 Major Systems

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    Some of these glands produce up to 2 secretions (Hormones) but mostly each gland will have the task of producing one. These glands are ductless, which is why they secrete directly into the blood. This is a list of the glands which are a part of this system; Pineal, Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and parts of the pancreas, ovaries and testes. Digestive system - The digestion system has two parts to it, the alimentary canal and the accessory organs. The canal is basically starting at…

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    The hormone cortisol is a very important hormone for regular function in humans and many other animals. Cortisol is a steroid hormone (a derivative of cholesterol).1 It is produced in the adrenal glands of the kidneys2 and is especially important when an individual faces a stressor.3 Unusually high or low concentrations of cortisol will almost certainly have an adverse effect on regular human function. In healthy humans, cortisol is at its highest concentration when an individual…

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    Cushing’s Disease Description Cushing’s Disease is an adrenal gland disease in which there is an excess of the steroid hormone, cortisol, within the body. With Cushing’s Disease the body releases too, much of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). This disease is rare as it effects 10 to 15 people per million each year. Women and men both can be diagnosed with this disease, but women tend to be affected more than men. The disease can be fatal is not treated correctly and promptly. Etiology…

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