Calcitonin

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    Chronic Illness Papers

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    is thyroid cancer. I chose this particular illness because it has affected a few people in my immediate family and I wanted to get a better understanding of this chronic illness. Thyroid cancer, as described by The American Cancer Society, is when cancer starts in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is below the thyroid cartilage (Adam’s apple) in the front part of the neck. In most people, the thyroid cannot be seen or felt. It is butterfly shaped, with 2 lobes — the right lobe and the left lobe — joined by a narrow isthmus. The thyroid gland has 2 main types of cells: Follicular cells which use iodine from the blood to make thyroid hormones, which help regulate a person’s metabolism and C cells (also called parafollicular cells) make calcitonin, a hormone that helps control how the body uses calcium. Other, less common cells in the thyroid gland include immune system cells (lymphocytes) and supportive (stromal) cells. There are many different signs and symptoms associated with thyroid cancer. It can cause any of the following signs or symptoms: a lump in the neck, swelling in the neck, pain in the front of the neck, hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away, trouble swallowing, trouble breathing, and constant cough that is not due to a cold. The causes of thyroid cancer vary from gender to age to your family history. Having a first-degree relative with thyroid cancer, even without a known inherited syndrome in the family, increases your risk of thyroid…

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    Diet Sodas And Soda Diets

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    “Soda drinking has previously been associated with lower bone mineral density in women and children...diet soda drinking behaviors are often different than regular soda drinking behaviors - women often use diet sodas in an effort to avoid weight gain- either to stave off hunger between meals or as a replacement for calorie-containing beverages. Many women drink over 20 diet sodas per week.”(diseaseproof) The question is, are diet sodas destroying people’s bone structures? Diet soda contains many…

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    canal components that contribute to its narrowing include facet joint hypertrophy, ligamentum flavum thickening, bone spurs, and multilevel disc bulge or protrusion (2). Lumbar spinal canal stenosis is one of the most Pain Physician: March/April 2016: 19:139-146 140 www.painphysicianjournal.com sion), and patients with a history of adverse reaction to either local anesthetics, steroids, or calcitonin. An intravenous catheter (20 G) was inserted in a peripheral line for crystalloid infusion and…

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    calcium levels within the blood balanced: the thyroid and the parathyroid glands. When the body has low blood calcium levels the parathyroid gland will act and secret PTH which will activate osteoclasts. The osteoclasts will help break down the bone and release the calcium from the bones to the blood stream. While it will also activate vitamin D which will help increase the absorption of calcium from the kidneys and intestines. Therefore, the body will keep the calcium in the blood instead of…

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    I Blame the Hormones By: Taylor Aubin Organs and tissues that make up the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, suprarenal glands, pineal gland, parathyroid glands, heart, kidneys, adipose tissue, digestive tract, pancreas, and gonads. The effects of the endocrine system are vast and impact almost every organ and cell of the body. This system produces hormones that help maintain homeostasis through the regulation of metabolism, growth, tissue function,…

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    The bone marrow consists of red marrow and yeloow marrow. The red marrow makes blood and the yellow marrow stores fat. The bone marrows purpose it to make blood cells. 9. Calcium moves into bone osteoblast cells to create new bone and osteoclasts break down bone. The two hormones that are involved are parathyroid and calcitonin which helps control blood calcium levels. Calcitonin is released by the thyroid gland holds back osteoclasts and makes osteoblast, which decreases blood calcium levels.…

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    -The Skeletal System 1. Explain how and when bone is remodeled. Include the cells and hormones involved in the process. • Bone remodeling is essentially a lifelong process. The mature bone tissue is removed and replaced the new bone tissue. This promotes healthy bones and can also reshape the bones from injuries like fractures. Osteoblasts secrete new bone tissue while osteoclasts break down the old bone tissues. The body signals the correct amount of growth through parathyroid and growth…

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    The Cause Of Osteoporosis

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    Doctors could prescribe medications such as hormone replacement therapy to females hoping to increase the estrogen level in her body. They could also take either Alendronate or Calcitonin which are both drugs that stop the loss of bone, help rebuild the bone and help lessen the risk of a fracture significantly. Alendronate protects the bones from the osteoclasts while calcitonin also helps protect the bone by slowing down the osteoclasts cells. Osteoclasts cells destroy old bone tissue. Having a…

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    What Is Homeostasis?

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    Homeostasis can be best defined as, the physiological process by which the internal systems of the body are maintained at equilibrium despite variations in the external conditions. It comes from the word homeo-, which means the sameness, and stasis, that is, standing still. However, equilibrium is not an unchang-ing state, so this is not strictly true – it is a dynamic state of equilibrium causing a dynamic constancy of the internal envi-ronment. (D. J. Schnecl 1981). Our bones and teeth…

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    Aldosterone (Aldosteronism) and, Androgens. Cushings Syndrome results in Osteoporosis, Hyperglycemia, skin thinning, slow growth, excess hair, infertility, etc. Aldosteronism results in severe dehydration, potassium loss and, high blood pressure. Excessive Androgen secretions result in Male characteristics in females and, Female characteristics in males. Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder that commonly causes Hyperthyroidism. This disease causes Exophthalmia, Blurred vision, anxiety, rapid…

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