Calcitonin

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  • Diet Sodas And Soda Diets

    “Soda drinking has previously been associated with lower bone mineral density in women and children...diet soda drinking behaviors are often different than regular soda drinking behaviors - women often use diet sodas in an effort to avoid weight gain- either to stave off hunger between meals or as a replacement for calorie-containing beverages. Many women drink over 20 diet sodas per week.”(diseaseproof) The question is, are diet sodas destroying people’s bone structures? Diet soda contains many different ingredients, and many of which can be harmful to the body. These drinks may cause osteoporosis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, strokes, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and many other health problems. The ingredient that is the most concerning when discussing the effects of diet soda on bone structure is phosphoric acid, which can affect calcium production and the production of the parathyroid hormone. Calcium is important to the body and when depleted can cause weakness in the bone structure, which, again, can be caused by phosphoric acid and the production of the parathyroid hormone. Calcium (Ca2+) is crucial for the human body; it helps with the growth of strong teeth and bones (visual elements). More than 99 percent of the overall amount of calcium in the body is found in Ca10[PO4]6[OH]2, otherwise known as calcium hydroxyapatite. This compound is found in the teeth and bone structure, and it helps strengthen the hard tissue (taylor). While the bone structure goes…

    Words: 1165 - Pages: 5
  • Effect Of Calcium On Muscle And Nerve Function

    calcium levels within the blood balanced: the thyroid and the parathyroid glands. When the body has low blood calcium levels the parathyroid gland will act and secret PTH which will activate osteoclasts. The osteoclasts will help break down the bone and release the calcium from the bones to the blood stream. While it will also activate vitamin D which will help increase the absorption of calcium from the kidneys and intestines. Therefore, the body will keep the calcium in the blood instead of…

    Words: 276 - Pages: 2
  • Compare And Contrast Bone Growth And Remodeling

    -The Skeletal System 1. Explain how and when bone is remodeled. Include the cells and hormones involved in the process. • Bone remodeling is essentially a lifelong process. The mature bone tissue is removed and replaced the new bone tissue. This promotes healthy bones and can also reshape the bones from injuries like fractures. Osteoblasts secrete new bone tissue while osteoclasts break down the old bone tissues. The body signals the correct amount of growth through parathyroid and growth…

    Words: 992 - Pages: 4
  • Osteoporosis Research Paper

    calcium. People that are lactose intolerant are also at risk. Some endocrine disorders such as hyperthyroidism, hyperparathryroidism, Diabetes Mellitus, and Cushing’s syndrome put people at risk. Major complications that occur with this disorder can be hip and wrist factures, loss of mobility and compression fractures of the spine. Osteoporosis can be painful and life changing for some individuals. The treatments for this condition include analgesics, supplements, medications and other…

    Words: 1492 - Pages: 6
  • Bone Remodeling Process Analysis

    it resulting in osteoclast cells being indirectly stimulated through the inhibition of bone building. The parathyroid hormone will act upon collagenase enzymes to increase the breakdown of collagen within the bone, while increasing the activity to assist the erosion of bone. This process results in bone reabsorption taking place and an increase of calcium levels in the blood. The parathyroid hormone also increases the production with the active form of vitamin D through the kidneys. The…

    Words: 1003 - Pages: 5
  • Homeostasis And Negative Feedback Mechanisms

    We have 2 types of homeostatic control mechanisms, The negative feedback and the positive feedback. Most of them are negative feedback. Negative Feedback Mechanism changes the variable back to its ideal value. Positive Feedback Mechanism accelerates output created by a activated stimulus. Here are some examples of homeostasis mechanisms:- 1) Regulation of the blood calcium level- If the calcium level is high in blood it causes the secretion of a polypeptide hormone called calcitonin from the…

    Words: 1040 - Pages: 5
  • The Cause Of Osteoporosis

    Doctors could prescribe medications such as hormone replacement therapy to females hoping to increase the estrogen level in her body. They could also take either Alendronate or Calcitonin which are both drugs that stop the loss of bone, help rebuild the bone and help lessen the risk of a fracture significantly. Alendronate protects the bones from the osteoclasts while calcitonin also helps protect the bone by slowing down the osteoclasts cells. Osteoclasts cells destroy old bone tissue. Having a…

    Words: 813 - Pages: 4
  • Thyroid Imbalances Summary

    increased appetite and food intake while the persons energy needs exceed the supply found in the body (Crawford & Harris, 2012, p. 45). This in turn causes excessive weight loss while the person cannot find a balance between energy source needed and energy supply used. The thyroid is an endocrine gland that is located posteriorly on the neck and appears to look butterfly shaped. The tissue in this gland is composed of T4 cells, which produce thyroxine and T3 cells, which produce calcitonin…

    Words: 1526 - Pages: 7
  • Chapter 18 Endocrine System Exam

    Which of the following would NOT be a possible outcome of elevated TSH secretion? A) increased TRH synthesis B) increased T3/T4 synthesis C) increased body temperature D) decreased blood cholesterol levels E) increased lipolysis ____ 66. Increased levels of thyroid hormones would A) decrease basal metabolic rate. B) up regulate beta receptors C) impair body growth. D) decrease the effects of norepinephrine on the heart and blood vessels. E) decrease protein synthesis. ____ 67. Calcitonin A) is…

    Words: 3795 - Pages: 16
  • Migraine Headache Theory

    spreading depression (CSD) theory defines the process involving in MA. CSD is a precise ripple of neuronal excitation in the cortical gray matter that sweeps from its starting point at the rate of two- six millimeters (mm)/ minute (min). This cellular depolarization produces the aura phases and thereby triggers trigeminal fibers resulting in the phase of headache. The discharge of potassium or the excitatory amino acid glutamate from neural tissue causes depolarization of the nearby tissues…

    Words: 393 - Pages: 2
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