Calcium channel blocker

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    understanding of the terms pharmacophore and a privileged structure. In order for this reaction to occur an aldehyde, ammonia, and two equivalents of a B-ketoester go through a one-pot cyclocondensation reaction. After 1,4-dihydropyridine is formed, it is then oxidized to form its pyridine derivative. Alcohol or Acetic acid is then used as a refluxing solvent for this compound. This compound has been found to have many uses including the treatment of cardiovascular disease and Ca2+ channel blockers. These dihydropyridines are also powerful antioxidants. In this lab, 430 mg of ammonium acetate, 960 microliters of ethyl acetoacetate, and 36% wt. aqueous formaldehyde were added to a 10 mL round bottom flask and allowed to heat to 80°C with constant stirring. After 10 minutes, a solid and wet product was formed. Vacuum filtration was then used to filter the product. Recrystallization methods were then completed using 95% ethanol in order to isolate the pure…

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    Nifedipine Case Studies

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    limitations on drug trials in pregnancy, there is very limited evidence on the safety, efficacy and ideal dosing regime for many drugs in pregnancy. Hence why drug categorisation is a necessity during pregnancy to aid in the limitation of fetal exposure to potentially teratogenic substances (TGA 2011). Mechanism of Drug The pharmacological actions of Nifedipine alter the action of normal calcium ion channels within muscle cells in the human body. Nifedipine binds to and blocks the flow of…

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    Brugada Syndrome

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    occurs in the later years of one’s life, it is overwhelmingly more common in men than women, and it is most likely to be seen in South-east Asia. This disease consists of a “ST segment elevation in the right precordial electrocardiogram (ECG),” which is some cases can lead to a death related to cardiovascular issues. According to researchers, if the patient’s ST segment elevation is 2 mm or higher and they have “a negative T wave in right precordial leads,” this is indicative of Brugada…

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    shows that she is improving with her vancomyosin. She also had a history of cardiac arrhythmia and hypertension, so we have her on metoprolol. I was going to give her heparin as a prophylaxis but she denied it. Upon assessing her I found that she was at a falls risk because she had macular degeneration. What I taught her was to make sure her environment is clean without obstruction and to walk slowly when navigating to areas. During assessment of her abdomen, she said she have not had a bowel…

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    It is always right for kids. There are many kids channels in television such as: PBS kids, Cartoon network, and Disney channel. Each channel has their own special program, but their same purpose is entertainment. For example, children really love PBS kids. Absolutely, they watched it all day when they were little. In addition, people usually found their children watched these channels in their school while they were waiting for their parents. It means that school also uses television as a school…

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    Case Study Of Dopamine

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    twice daily, to control his blood sugar levels for his type 2 diabetes. Metformin (Glucophage) is used to help to lower blood sugar when it is too high and help restore the way you use food to make energy (“Metformin (Oral Route),” 2015). Methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol). Mr. Borg was prescribed methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) 500 mg IV daily, to help reduce inflammation in the lungs. This medication is a corticosteroid that works on the immune system to help relieve swelling…

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    Bone Scan Case Study

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    Patients that will be excluded will be patients that - have thyroid problems - are unfit patients - are on a stretcher or wheel chair in order to minimise their discomfort and reduce the time they spend in the department filling out a consent form as well as having to have to take bone supplements. - Patients excluded will also be those patients in which the injection gets tissued (the entire injection isn’t intravenous some are intramuscular). - Hyperthyroid as well as hypothyroid patients…

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    In the experiment, I tested how soapy water would affect the amount of droplets the penny can hold. The results of my experiment show that the penny holds less droplets of soap water. When the soap is added to the water, the soap collides with water breaking down the tension. As a result, it harder for the droplets to hold together. To find whether my hypothesis was right, I did several of trials to figure out whether my hypothesis was correct. The trials were used to show how soap can change…

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    percent of the 8 elements form the mass of the earth’s crust, ocean and atmosphere. Two of the most abundant elements of the eight are calcium and magnesium. Calcium and magnesium are located on the periodic table located both in group 2 sharing the same family meaning that they share chemical property’s as well as the same valence electron because of their location and family relation to the period table. The alkaline metals are a reactive group of metals and combine with other elements so…

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    Diet Sodas And Soda Diets

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    phosphoric acid. Phosphorus is an essential for all cells in the body. This is because “it is involved in cell signaling, bone formation, and acid-base regulation”(cefic). The compound earlier stated, hydroxyapatite contains both calcium and phosphorus, which are critical for growth and development of the bone structure, as well as the maintenance throughout life. Phosphorus is a mineral acid found in many different foods naturally; however, the amount found in diet soda is unnatural. Elson M.…

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