History of Athens

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    Alexander the Great address solely soldiers. Speaking exclusively about the history of Athens, Pericles declares “Our institutions do not emulate the law of others. We do not copy our neighbors: rather, we are an example to them.” This differs from how Alexander reflects on the past since he says, “…he [Phillip]taught you to fight on equal terms with the enemy on your borders, till you knew your safety lay not, as once, in your mountain strongholds, but in your own valor. He made you city-dwellers; he brought you law; he civilized you.” Alexander’s speech reaching into the past, about his father, was a far more generalized speech as his soldiers were men from all over Macedonia, Peloponnese, Greece, Persian, and all of the known world at the time. It was a beautiful tactic as these men did not share the same background not did these men share the same ancestors. Pericles had a very specific history of the Athenian city-state. This speech was also quite impressive because he was addressing the people of Athens specifically so it was intelligent to focus on their specific history. These two men beautifully crafted speeches that catered to their people, warriors or citizens. Furthermore, these speeches, uttered by great, powerful leaders, were fine tuned for a specific goal, and this goal was to regain the trust of his people. It seems that they each gained the trust of their people as the people of Athens continued to fight the martial city-state of Sparta for years to come,…

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    In 2008 15-year-old Alexandros Grigoropoulos was shot dead by two police officers in Athens, Greece. A little before 9:00 pm December 6th, Grigoropoulos and his friends were sitting in a corner in Exarcheia, a neighbourhood in downtown Athens, exchanging swear words with two police officers in a passing patrol car. The two policemen, Epaminondas Korkoneas and Vasilis Saraliotis, later returned to the scene on foot, where Korkoneas pulled out his gun and shot and killed Grigoropoulos who died…

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    it has the potential for an individual to gain wisdom and knowledge. Socrates has gained many slanders and criticisms from the Athenians because he questions authorities and respected business men of Athen to reveal them as ignorant in their expertise. His interrogations destroy the beliefs of those who are being questioned, leaving them frustrated and lost without offering an alternative explanation. Not only does he cause them to question their beliefs, he embarasses them by publicly…

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    Agnodice of Athens as known as Agnodike, was born in the 4th century BCE Athens, Greece. The school she went to was Western philosophy which was founded by Plato in 387 BC. She had a very wealthy family born into an interest of a physician. Agnodice is known for becoming the first gynaecologists in Athens after being the first female physician in Athens. She has now become a symbolic figure for doctors in nowadays. A gynaecologist is a medical practice of the female productive systems including…

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    Parthenon Summary

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    Set atop the city of Athens sits an enigmatic piece of Athenian history. The Parthenon has long held one of the most historically perplexing friezes in ancient Greece. Temples were a common form of worship in ancient Greek society and often held many art pieces in honor of the god or goddess that the temple was dedicated to. These artifacts left behind from ancient societies hold key insight into what society was like and what was culturally important in ancient Greece. Joan B. Connelly may hold…

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    an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remebered particulary for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in arachaic Athens. Cleisthenes was an ancient Athenian lawgiver credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting in on a deocratic footing. For these accomplisments, historians refer to him as "the father of Athenian democracy." Herodotus was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire. He lived in the…

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    Erechtheion, on the Acropolis, Athens, 421-05 BC I have chosen to do my essay on the Erechtheion, on the Acropolis. The reason I had chosen the Acropolis temple is because of the beautiful statues represented on the south side of the temple. I also enjoyed reading the history and what the temple represents to the Greeks. Doing some research throughout the module 4 pages 14 and 15 there is a lot of information located on the web. I found that the temple was built in honor of Athena and also…

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    The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome: Comparison Introduction History shows that the Parthenon was built on a raised platform, and consisted, basically, of a cella (enclosed room) surrounded by a peristyle of free-standing columns. The entire building, including the roof tiles, was constructed of white pentelic marble. Large areas, such as the columns, were left white, but most of the details, such as the sculptures, were brightly painted (Hopper 122). The temple had seventeen…

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    Socrates is a philosopher known for his teachings in Athens. He taught his entire life, where no one would bother him. Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth and inventing new gods at the age of seventy. For varies reasons which will be discussed later, the city of Athens chose to wait till this age to prosecute and execute him. Socrates chose to accept his fate instead of escaping to avoid execution. Over the course of time, reading the Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito have given us some…

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    Thucydides Speech Analysis

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    some respect, as a positive character in the history of the war, and that Cleon stood in the right in his condemnation of the Mytilenean aggressors, that democracy is, as Cleon says, “incapable of empire” (3.37.1), and that he sees rhetoric as a powerful yet dangerous tool which people must be wary of. Cleon’s argument seems firstly to be a critique of the Athenian system of government, in that it has become as a spectacle on a street corner, the council as a crowd before a master orator rather…

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