Thucydides: The Father Of Athenian Democracy
Herodotus was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire. He lived in the fifth century. He is often referred to as "The Father of History." Thucydides was an Athenian historian and general. His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the fifth-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" by those who accept his claims to have applied strict standards of impartiality.
Aeschylus was an ancient Greek tragedian. He is often described as the father of tragedy. Academics' knowledge of the genre begins with his work, …show more content…
This became incredibly important during their time of cultural hegemony. Being conveniently located on the Mediterranean was likewise a key factor that gave Greeks easy access to other territories so that it could expand its influence and borders. The cultures of Sparta and Athens were entirely different. Athens was a democracy ruled by a council of the citizenry. All major decisions were made by the council. Sparta was surrounded by hostile people known as the Messenae, who never missed an opportunity to rebel. As a result, the Spartans of necessity remained constantly ready for war. Both spoke the same language and worshipped the same Gods. Both soceities had growing populations and established colonies throughout the Mediterranean. Both on occasion forced city-states throughout the Peleponnese to ally with