Essay On Athenian Democracy

871 Words 4 Pages
During the rise of Athens, Athenians established democracy, and their city-state was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom. Although Athens was started by the Mycenaean’s, the foundation was built by four tyrants; Draco, Solon, Peisistratus, and Cleisthenes. The first tyrant Draco ruled with an iron fist and started the “Draco’s code”, and all citizens knew the laws. Draco ended aristocracy so that the rich could not decide what the poor has to do, and could not make laws. The second tyrant Solon extended citizenship for artisans and merchants that were not born in Athens. Solon later ended a major political argument, by separating aristocrats and commoners. Solon organized a system that had two-house-legislatures, the aristocrats being …show more content…
Once Solon left office, Peisistratus took over Athenian government. While, in rule, Peisistratus made reforms that included dividing large estates, he also gave the poor loans but made them build public buildings. The fourth establishing tyrant of Athens, Cleisthenes, who was the founder of Democracy in Athens, included the methods that all citizens will be part of the Assembly, and each year they chose 10 generals to run the army and navy. Also, the idea of having a jury system to decide the case majorly impacted the Greece, because it stopped the possibility of bribes or threats to the jurors. In Greece, the jurors could decide the fate of an accused person will not be affected by weather the citizens like them or not. Athenian democracy also included a system that was called ostracism, and if 6,000 people wrote one undesired politicians name on a piece of clay that they would be banished for ten years. During the Persian wars, Darius leader of Persians wanted revenge all Greek mainland for helping the Ionians in …show more content…
For a short Athenians found great culture and artistic success which is know as the “Golden Age”, in which Athenians paid more money to build nicer public building instead of spending more money on their selves. Soon after the Persians started to make a come back and still an admirable opponent Athens set the Delian League, which was an alliance between Athens and other city-states which were the start to the Peloponnesian War. The Delian league was successful while releasing Ionia from Persian rule. As the Delian league began to grow in economic power because of the new amount of oversea trade, Athens has risen above other city-states in power. Pericles, the Athenian general at the time requested that other city-states adopt the Athenian Coinage system. When Sparta realizes that Athens was becoming too powerful, they decided to make an alliance with the Persians, and they eventually pushed Athens into surrendering. This pushed all Greeks into losing their governmental stability and lead to the downfall of democracy. Throughout the history of Greece, there has always been a system in which they defeat and conquer other

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