History shows that the Parthenon was built on a raised platform, and consisted, basically, of a cella (enclosed room) surrounded by a peristyle of free-standing columns. The entire building, including the roof tiles, was constructed of white pentelic marble. Large areas, such as the columns, were left white, but most of the details, such as the sculptures, were brightly painted (Hopper 122). The temple had seventeen columns on each of the flanks, and eight across the front and back ends of the temple. There was a porch at either end, much shallower than was usual in Doric buildings. Inside, the cella was both wider and shorter than usual--shorter …show more content…
It was constructed during the golden era of the empire. It symbolizes power and influence of Perikles, who was an Athenian politician who lobbied its construction. The Parthenon is a tribute to heaven for the defeat of the Mede( Bury ) as the Persians had destroyed the Athenian acropolis in 480. Some historians believe the construction signifies that Athens is the imperial master over other Greek states. The Parthenon is built as a temple for the Greek goddess Athena considered as the virgin patron of the people of Athens. In addition, it serves as a replacement for two earlier temples of Athena on the …show more content…
The dome shown below is the world's largest dome made of unreinforced solid concrete. The Pantheon is a dome, the first of its kind, and had been constructed by forming arches around a central axis. The Pantheon portico is a symmetrical, classical design with three rows of Corinthian columns topped by a triangular pediment. A row of niches lines the rear walls of the Pantheon portico. These niches may have held sculptures of Roman emperors or gods.
Both buildings were used for Religious purposes. The Parthenon as a temple to Athena and the Pantheon to all of the gods .They had been reused for many purposes. There are several features that were common in Greek architecture are visible in the engineering of the Roman Pantheon. These temples are legacies are tribute ancient world. Both are well-preserved architectural and the greatness These temple remains standing due to the ingenuity of the architectural construction.
In conclusion, each of the two buildings symbolizes the architectural advances of the two early civilizations with a style that has been reflected in use to this day. Both temples served as a place of worship for the Greeks and the Romans. They were placed in the highest point in the city so that they could be seen from far away and close to the gods. They are tributes to the ancient