Fatty acid

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    Omega-3 Fatty Acids Omega-3 fatty acids play a big role in a number of bodily functions. They are a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids and are usually found in fatty fish such as salmon, tuna and trout in the form of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (NIH, 2017). Another type of omega-3, called alpha-linolenic acid, is found mainly in plants. Omega-3 fatty acids play a role in muscle activity, blood clotting, digestion, fertility, cell division and growth, brain development and function, and reduction in inflammation and stiffness (NIH, 2017). In the role in arthritis, omega-3 fatty acids block inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandins and are converted by the body into a powerful anti-inflammatory chemical called…

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    In the foregoing paper, the author reported that ethyl ester of highly unsaturated fatty acid freshly obtained from cuttle fish oil showed quite the same good nutritive effect as oleic acid ester for rat, while the acid exposed to air was proved to be extremely toxic. Since it seems to be most plausible that the toxicity is concerned with the formation of peroxide by autoxidation of unsaturated fatty acid, the author determined the amount of peroxide. The result proved. this was just the case,…

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    OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS 1) Structure Figure 1.1 The omega-3 fatty acids are also known as ω-3 fatty acids or n-3 fatty acids which contain a long chain of polyunsaturated fatty acids and the chain ranges from 18 to 22 carbon atoms (Collins J.J., 2010). The fatty acids have two ends; the carboxylic acid end (-COOH) and the methyl end (-CH3). The carboxylic acid end is considered the starting of chain which is “alpha” and methyl chain is considered as the tail of the long chain…

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    Fatty Acid Synthesis

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    tissue and stimulates glycogen and fatty acid synthesis in the liver. At the same time, it inhibits lipolysis and hepatic glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis. On the other hand, glucagon during fasting state would induce the opposite responses. Low- carbohydrate diet replaced with high protein and fats such as Atkins-type diet, in essence, minimizes the release of insulin and maximizes…

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    Fatty Acid Lab Report

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    INTRODUCTION Fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated. Most of the naturally occurring fatty acids contain unbranched chain of an even number of carbon atoms, from 4 to 28. We usually derived fatty acids from triglycerides or phospholipids. Fatty acids are very important sources of fuel because, when they metabolized, they yield large amount of ATP .Fatty acids are regulated by certain transcription factors which control the action of…

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    Making ATP from Free fatty Acids:- The other two energy substrates, FFAs and AAs, bypass glycolysis and ultimately enter the TCA cycle/oxidative phosphorylation as pyruvate, acetyl CoA, or different components of the TCA cycle. FFAs are released from adipose tissue by lipolysis and circulate in blood bound to serum albumin. Transport proteins then translocate FFAs into cells. FFAs are metabolized in mitochondria by the repetitive, cyclic process of β oxidation. This requires the transport of…

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    Omega 6 The Importance of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids If you are a health-conscious person, you are already aware of the wide range of benefits that you get from consuming the polyunsaturated fatty acids or PUFAs as they are called namely Omega 3 and Omega 6. Fatty acids are the main components responsible for the building of lipid molecules in the body. They form an essential part of the cell membranes and hormones and enrich the cells with energy. The Most Important PUFAs Omega 3 and 6 fats…

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    If it is a light and liquid/thin oil than it will have a warming effect on the body. From a physiological point of view, this is primarily due to the nature of Sterols in the cell membranes which close off the cell to the outside world (hard,heavy, solid oils). Essential Fatty Acids (EFA’s) open the cell membrane up to the outside world around it (in the case of soft, light, liquid oils). Those foods which contain these types of oils often have similar effect on the body . Energetics are…

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    certain fatty acids strip away the nerve cells’ protective layer, causing major brain damage. It is an orphan disease, meaning that there are only a few people that have it, and there is little to no profit incentive for drug companies to develop a cure. In Lorenzo’s Oil, Lorenzo Odone is diagnosed with this disease, which at the time, was nearly always fatal. During Lorenzo’s father’s journey to find a cure for his son’s disease, he discovered that if the intake very long chain saturated fatty…

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    It’s a substance made within the body that helps turn fat into energy. It is made in the liver and kidneys and stored in the skeletal muscles, brain, sperm, and heart. Carnitine has been prescribed to many patients in treatments for heart conditions, peripheral vascular disease and many others for its role as an antioxidant. For improving exercise performance, carnitine supplements have been proven to aid through enhancing muscle fatty acid oxidation and acylcarnitine production, altering…

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