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  • Stoicism: Paul's Letter To The Romans

    well as an overview of the context in which it plays apart in Roman society. Stoicism originated as a Greek eudaimonic philosophy which is expected to be influenced by many contemporary minds along with critical analysis including Socratic thought processes. Eudaimonia is a term that guarantees, “…a life worth living.” Or happiness/flourishing. From this there are four main ideas based on Value: virtue and reason is what guarantees happiness. Emotions: projections of our judgements. Nature: Harmony is key with oneself and nature. Control: We have control over our judgements and mental state, but now of external processes. With these four values, one can live a flourishing life. [2] [4] Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, Musonius Rufus, and Epictetus are generally thought of to be the main representatives of late Roman Stoicism as the leading work in the field was geographically located within the vicinity of Rome. [1] In the first two C.E. centuries of Rome, Stoicism was held to have its greatest success in the upper-class of Roman citizens. However as previously mentioned in the introduction, the Stoicism would have influenced the lower-class whether directly, or indirectly. Stoic teachers were always ever-present in Rome as they were found in Roman courts and public places. [4] Many politicians during this time were in great support for Stoicism, and a number were professed Stoics as Stoic teachings emphasized public and political service so this is unsurprising to say the…

    Words: 1982 - Pages: 8
  • Stoicism: Deterministic Philosophy

    more acceptable way. But if… they are rough and untrained and uncouth...then even if the blows of fated misfortune which strike them are trivial or nonexistent these men will plunge headlong into constant misdeeds and errors because of their own ineptitude and their voluntary impulse...” (Pereboom 15). Simplified, Gellius is saying that things that result from our character are up to us and that we are the source of our actions. As a result this belief, the Stoics also believe certain matters…

    Words: 1748 - Pages: 7
  • The Stoic Doctrine

    according to nature is one that should be abided by or not. "perfectly good and wise gas." To begin with, Stoics held a particular view on God and fate. Although Stoics are materialists, they nevertheless, still held a view of God, who is described as a type of fiery breath that blends perfectly with everything in the cosmos: “perfectly good and wise gas” (Religion Facts, 2015). Stoics believed God to possess the power of transforming matter into what we see around us. Moreover, with regards…

    Words: 1538 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of Epictetus Discourse

    Epictetus’ discourse begins by discussing the things that are in our power in addition to the things that are not. He provides examples that demonstrates the possibility of confusing the two. He explains, “How far does the grammatic art possess the contemplating power? As far as forming a judgment about what is written and spoken. And how far music? As far as judging about melody. Does either of them then contemplate itself? By no means.” Epictetus is explaining that humans have power over the…

    Words: 834 - Pages: 4
  • Living By Epictetus Essay

    Philosophers have pondered the meaning of life for millennia. Some say that the meaning of life is to find happiness, or to flourish. But what is happiness? A stoic named Epictetus goes into great detail to explain how one should find happiness. In theory, living by Epictetus’ guidelines of only worrying about things you can control would be worth it and make you flourish; however, it is impossible to do so because human nature causes us to focus on things that are out of our control.…

    Words: 783 - Pages: 4
  • Research Paper On Epictetus

    Epictetus was a pronounced stoic philosopher. Born a slave, he eventually gained freedom and lived the rest of his life peacefully in Greece. Although he had humble origins, Epictetus gained an immense following. Epictetus argued that philosophy is not just a learning, but a way of life. Epictetus’ conviction inspired many. Epictetus’s basic philosophical anthropology urges one to differentiate between what is in one’s control, and what is outside one’s control. Through this process, one…

    Words: 741 - Pages: 3
  • Analysis Of Conquests By Epictetus

    and be freed from suffering. In a few of these scenarios, Epictetus reveals stoic advice that is highly reasonable and would actually apply to life well, others however seem extreme and unbelievable. The first example of advice that I would accept is from the first scenario in the book. Epictetus states in the first sentence “some things are up to us and some are not up to us,” in this he is conveying to the reader that we must accept what we have, such as control over our mind, but not our…

    Words: 1549 - Pages: 7
  • Epictetus And Book Of Job Essay

    why some people just do not lost faith in God after facing so many hardships in life. There are people who would blame God for every problem they face in life, and there are others who do not place their blames on him. Based on the “Book of Job” there is an indication of a good example of what it looks like to have a good attitude towards God. On the other hand in the “Handbook of Epictetus” there are stated facts of how a person could survive in life almost in any situation while understanding…

    Words: 772 - Pages: 4
  • The Enchiridion Epictetus Analysis

    In the excerpt, The Enchiridion by Epictetus, Epictetus wrote a short stoic ethical advice. Epictetus emphasized the aspects of life, we have control over and the ones that are out of our control. We control our actions, our desires, and our opinions but we do not control others that affect our lives. We can be content, even if things don't go as we planned. In which Epictetus lists from one to seventeen. And I tend to defend number one and eight from his list from one to seventeen. Epictetus…

    Words: 722 - Pages: 3
  • Compare And Contrast Mill And Epictetus

    happiness. Epictetus believed that a wise men should practice knowledge and incorporate it into one’s judgment. This is observed when he said, “Exercise, therefore, what is in your control” (Marino, 2010, p. 92). Similarly, Mill noted that through education, happiness can be attained for oneself and even for society. The philosophers, however, differ in what constitute happiness and the attainment of happiness. Happiness to Epictetus is freedom, and his form of happiness is more…

    Words: 957 - Pages: 4
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