Page 1 of 3 - About 23 Essays
  • St. Bernard's Influence On The Second Crusades

    influence on the Second Crusade. This is made apparent by the views portrayed by George Dickson Kerr in Bernard of Clairvaux and Christian Society in the Twelfth Century, published in 1966 and The Second Crusade: Scope and Consequences, published in 2001, written by Jonathan Phillips and Martin Hoch. Bernard of Clairvaux was born in Fontaine, France in 1091. He was a tremendous influence on the Twelfth Century as a whole. During his lifetime, he founded 160 monasteries throughout the western world (Gasquet). At the age of twenty-three, after his mother died, he joined the Cistercian order, a religious order consisting of both monks and nuns. Cistercians focused on manual labour and self-sufficiency. After he and thirty of his friends joined the order, they helped spread the order throughout all of France and into England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Portugal, Spain, and Italy (Catholic Online). The Cistercian order has since been synonymous with Bernardines because of his influence. Talk about how he became Abbot of Clairvaux & the Schism Bernard of Clairvaux was commissioned by Pope Eugenius III in 1144 to preach the Second Crusade (Gasquet). Pope Eugenius III promised Bernard the same indulgences for it that Pope Urban II had promised during the First Crusade (Catholic Online). Bernard is well remembered in history, which can partly be attributed to the fact that 482 of his letters were preserved and translated (Gasquet). Bernard died on the 20th of August, 1153 at the age…

    Words: 1063 - Pages: 5
  • St. Gall And Cistercian Abbey

    Question 1 The Benedictine abbey of St. Gall and the Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay both bear designs that reflect the monastic lifestyle which was defined by the 6th century Rule of St. Benedict. The monastic design of the abbeys is characterized by main features such as a church, dormitories meant for sleep, a caldarium, a cloister and a chapterhouse. The Rule of Saint Benedict called for monks to maintain a life of obedience, chastity and poverty. Furthermore, it also stated that monks should…

    Words: 1532 - Pages: 7
  • How Did Religion Affect The High Middle Ages

    organization was because they were unhappy with how little discipline there was in their own Benedictine monastery. They made many changes to their lifestyle by eating a simple diet, having only one robe to wear, removing from all of their churches and monastic buildings, and setting more time for prayer and manual labor by spending less time at religious services. Unlike the Benedictine monks, who would spend many hours in personal prayer, they would take their religion to people outside the…

    Words: 591 - Pages: 3
  • The Collision Of Classes: Life In The Middle Ages

    The Collision of Classes Beginning in the mid 1100’s and going into the early 1200’s, there was a simultaneous and consistent movement of poor and professional people as new emphasis was put on living a life closer to one like Christ would have lived because of the new Cistercian monks versus the established Benedictine monks as well as the monastic population versus the papacy. The well-established black robed monks of the time thrived on intricate Romanesque architecture and complicated…

    Words: 754 - Pages: 4
  • Why Did The Rule Of St. Benedict Become Universal

    Why did The Rule of St. Benedict become universally used by communities of monks and nuns across Europe? I think there were several reasons why “The Rule” became universal. I think that it made life as a monk or nun uniform and universal (in a communitarianism sense). All people (monks and nuns) were financially equal. This occurred during a time that was, historically, a very depressed and poor time. With the fall of the Roman civilization and with the Romans being overrun by barbarians, the…

    Words: 343 - Pages: 2
  • The Children's Crusade

    The crusades took place over about 200 years. It wasn’t just one big fight it was a series of wars and battles. There were three monolithic faiths (Christianity, Judaism, and Islamic) fighting in the crusades. Despite their common roots the differences often cause conflict between them. The first crusaders went from Constantinople to Antioch (1096-1099). They fought isolated Turk forces on the way there. In 1212, religious zeal as well as poverty gave rise to what came to be known as the…

    Words: 285 - Pages: 2
  • Gothic Architecture Analysis

    is the definition for this basilica. Although the Basilica of San Francisco had the gothic style impregnated in other characteristics including its arches, it differed from French churches. The French buildings and churches had important large stained-glass windows like the ones at the Notre-Dame Basilica located in Paris, which represented its gothic style. An example the image 13.5 which is a plan of Fontenay Abbey. Also in the design and construction of the Florence Cathedral, several gothic…

    Words: 475 - Pages: 2
  • The Blood Pit Book Analysis

    matching the murder fashion of the other two. To make the lives of the police officers even harder, an squeleton is found in the proximities. Meanwhile, DI Peterson’s old archaeologist friend, starts getting mysterious letters with mentions of blood and murder. Is there a connection between the crimes in Devon and the archaeologist’s anonymous blood letters? As well as the author of the crimes, that is what DI Peterson is trying to discover in this intriguing case. Neil Watson is the…

    Words: 828 - Pages: 4
  • The Baroque Style Of Architecture

    Throughout the architectures history, these architecture have different designs and styles that depicts power and propaganda. This essay will cover three different architecture from different time period such as Baroque, Southeast Asian, and Japan. Comparing these architectures help us know the reason behind these buildings, their influences, their symbolism. The Baroque period of architecture began in late sixteenth century Italy, took the Roman terms of Renaissance architecture and used it in…

    Words: 1065 - Pages: 4
  • Scripture In Luther's Psalms

    Fathers up to the Middle ages one readily observes an exegetical process that extrapolated multiple layers of meaning within a given biblical text. Although the nuances of these layers were developed over time and often disputed, a general acceptance of the four-fold sense of Scripture was common among biblical studies by the time of the Middle Ages and Reformation. This was particularly widespread in the medieval West and scholasticism where the four fold sense i.e. literal, allegorical,…

    Words: 1045 - Pages: 5
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