Cingulate cortex

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  • Ocd Movie Analysis

    and relationships. He mentioned earlier that throughout his life he covered up his symptoms so that his “enemies” or the media wouldn’t know of his situation. He did mention that he had one supporting relationship with Katharine Hepburn. Given these symptoms, and Mr. Hughes history with chronic stress throughout his life, a diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsion Disorder is justified. DSM-5 Diagnosis: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (300.3) Given Mr. Hughes’s symptoms, he is likely to have a deficit in the regions of the brain associated with the OCD loop. These regions include the orbitofrontal cortex, amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex, striatum, and thalamus. When Mr. Hughes presents worry about germs and possibly stress his orbitofrontal cortex is activated, this area is responsible for decision-making and higher-level functions. Following, this then activates the anterior cingulate cortex and amygdala, which is associated with error detection that is when Mr. Hughes knows that there is a problem with not repeating certain sayings and even when he has persistent thoughts about avoiding germs. Lastly, the striatum, which holds the caudate nucleus, is associated with movement. In this case, this region is responsible for carrying out the impulses to say these sayings a certain time and not touching certain items to avoid the germs. This then provides relief however; this loop will eventually start over again. Treatment Plan • Given that Mr. Hughes has presented an…

    Words: 1717 - Pages: 7
  • Multitasking Argumentative Essay

    how multitasking lowers one’s I.Q. score. According to his article, the University of London discovered that men’s I.Q. temporarily dropped as much as 15 points when they multitasked during cognitive exercises. That is to say, these men were writing papers with the cognitive function of an 8 year old, as inferred by Bradberry (2). By and large, an attempt to finish a project will be much more successful if it is made solely on its own, without the distraction of other tasks. Although the effect…

    Words: 1042 - Pages: 4
  • Trial And Incongruency Effect

    Finding conflict adaptation after the removal of this confound would strengthen support for the theory that conflict adaptation is the result of adjustments in attention, such as select-for-action or response inhibition. Conversely, if future research finds that conflict adaptation disappears in the absence of contingency learning effects, researchers will need to evaluate the role of learning processes in conflict adaptation. Furthermore, future research should seek to expand Botvinick et al.’s…

    Words: 1086 - Pages: 5
  • Reflective Essay: What Makes An Individual?

    This form of ostracism, elicits increased activity in the brain areas, such as the anterior cingulate cortex which also responds to physical pain. (Kross et al., 2011; Lieberman & Eisenberger, 2009) Another point to take into consideration in regards to psychology is the concept of how we process and remember information. There will be instances where one person remembers an event or situation differently than someone else. This is the primary reason the science of psychology put more emphasis…

    Words: 1256 - Pages: 6
  • ERN And The Placebo: A Misattribution Approach

    al. (2012) Hypothesized that the affective and cognitive consequences of misattribution manipulation would keep anxiety low but keep cognitive performance well balanced. This hypothesis was based on old but valid research stating when some insomniac patients were given sugar pills, some were told this would make them aroused and the others were told this would make them relaxed. Amusingly those who were told they would become aroused fell asleep faster than those who were giving a ‘relaxing…

    Words: 1053 - Pages: 5
  • Adolf Hitler: The Serial Killer

    Involvement of prefrontal cortex is particularly interesting because that is the area where there are the most abnormality differences between the regular person and the serial killer. Which might explain some of the serial killer behavior and where fantasies originated from. The anterior cortex is where the feeling of empathy is generated. People with narcissistic personality usually have a lack of empathy since they usually do not share and co-experience the feeling of other. Occasionally they…

    Words: 1618 - Pages: 7
  • Wifi Addiction

    something because the response after contact with the stimuli simulated perceived pleasurable response. Consequently, Internet addiction has been acknowledged as a clinical diagnosis. Internet addiction is a compulsive–impulsive spectrum disorder, involving online and/or offline computer usage for excessive gaming, sexual preoccupations, and e-mail, and is known to have an effect on the structures of the brain. Zhoua, Linb, Duc, Qina, Zhaoc, Xua, Lei (2008) examined the density of grey matter…

    Words: 791 - Pages: 4
  • Ostracism And Self-Esteem

    condition(Williams et al., 2000). The results of which portrayed socio-meters analysis of state self-esteem, to which individuals state self-esteem fluctuated depending on the condition they were in. On the other hand, Trait self-esteem plays an equally important role in socio-meter theory. Onoda et al. (2010) aimed to expand on initial cyber ball task by utilizing functional magnetic resonance imaging to experimentally measure areas of the brain that were activated when a person was…

    Words: 1209 - Pages: 5
  • Foreign Language Analysis

    that a multilingual brain is nimbler, quicker, better able to deal with ambiguities, resolve conflicts and even resist Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia longer. ( The brain 's official capacities are fortified through improving bilingual speakers at exchanging between two undertakings or taking care of assignments that require peace management. People have better memory, more creative, and mentally flexible Learning a language improves cognitive functions,which…

    Words: 1167 - Pages: 5
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Case Studies

    course of OCD. One associated biological factor is a family history of OCD, which is especially prevalent in early-onset cases (American Psychological Association, 2013). The DSM-5 (2013) states that family members of persons with OCD are two times more likely to receive an OCD diagnosis of their own; if the person has childhood onset OCD, the likelihood of familial diagnosis is ten times the average. Additionally, a recent twin study by Pauls (2010) showed a concordance rate of .57 in…

    Words: 1152 - Pages: 5
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