Cinnamic acid

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    Ethyl Cinnamate Lab Report

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    Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to extract ethyl cinnamate, cinnamic acid, and glucose, which are ingredients in the candy, Red Hots. The experiment began with 0.604 grams of a mixture of ethyl cinnamate, cinnamic acid, and glucose. The purity of glucose and ethyl cinnamate was measured through IR Spectroscopy. Melting point was used to determine the purity for cinnamic acid. Using the final amount for each ingredient, we determined the percent yields, which were 64.7% for glucose, 56.2% for cinnamic acid, and 38.8% for ethyl cinnamate. The melting point of cinnamic acid, tested twice, was consistent with the melting point of pure cinnamic acid. The glucose corresponded to the standard IR spectra, indicating we had pure glucose.…

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    molecules, the compound that is being heated up starts to melt and become a liquid. In this lab, five different ratios of two chemical solids, Urea and trans¬-cinnamic acid, were heated up in a Mel Temp apparatus until the final melting point was achieved. Each substance started as a solid in a capillary tube and when they reached the…

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    Subject: Experiment 23: Stereochemistry of the Addition of Bromine to trans-Cinnamic Acid Introduction/Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to carry out the bromination of trans-cinnamic acid, to determine the stereochemistry of the dibromide product of 2,3-dibromo-3-phenylpropanoic acid, and find out whether the reaction proceeds by the usual bromonium ion mechanism or some other mechanism. In this experiment trans-cinnamic acid was mixed with glacial acetic acid and stirred in…

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    oxygen3. Serratia Marcescens is a gram negative bacterium. Gram negative bacteria have a thin cell of a single layer of peptidoglycan that is enclosed by an outer membrane. The outer membrane is surrounded by special phospholipids composed of fatty acids called lipopolysaccharides that are attached to a glucosamine…

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    than anything else. It is important to take care of the body from any harm. One thing that the body is capable of is maintaining pH levels and buffers. A pH is the power of hydrogen and buffers prevent extreme shifts in pH. The blood has a specific type of buffer that is maintained at pH level of 7.4. If the buffers shifts and levels of pH go to 7 or 7.8, it can be deadly. The blood buffer contains carbonic acid which dissociates into bicarbonate acid and hydrogen ions. This equation can also be…

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    occurring all over the world, from deforestation to excessive water pollution. One urgent issue facing the world today is freshwater pollution and the negative effects it is having on freshwater aquatic life. Pollution is creating a positive feedback loop in our freshwater aquatic life, including the killings of many of freshwater wildlife. Through the analysis of several different articles and books, this review will look over how eutrophication, acid rain, and heavy metal pollution effects…

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    neutralization reaction. A neutralization reaction is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react to form an ionic compound (a salt) and water; the resulting pH is closer to 7. The general chemical equation for a neutralization reaction is: Acid + Base Water + Ionic Compound This can also be considered as a double displacement reaction. However, since the reacts are an acid (carbonic acid) and a base (sodium hydroxide) and the products are a salt (sodium carbonate) and water (H2O),…

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    Synthesis Of Pb Film

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    zeolite-like structure is well known as the prototype of a number of polynuclear transition-metal hexacyanometalates with the formula, Fe4Ⅲ[FeⅡ(CN)6]3 [1,2]. It exhibits electrochemical [3–5], electrochromic [6–8], photophysical [9,10], and magnetic properties [11,12]. In particular, the electrocatalytic property among these special properties enables the potential analytical application of electrochemical sensor using the PB-modified electrode [13,14]. The reduced form of PB is prussian white…

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    The Bronsted-Lowry Theory

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    Bronsted-Lowry Theory, is defined as a proton (H+) donor. An equation exemplifying an acid dissolving in water is: HCl (g) H2O H+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) A base, based on the Bronsted-Lowry Theory, is defined as a proton (H+) acceptor. An equation exemplifying a base dissolving in water: NaOH (s) H2O Na+ (aq) + OH- (aq) Molarity, also known as the concentration, is represented as moles of the measured substance divided by the volume in dm3. It is a value of the amount of substance in a…

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    that was used during the steam bath could have had some of the product on it which would have been removed with the stick. It is less clear why the benzoic acid was overproduced. Some of the organic layer may have been drawn off with it, but the vacuum filtration should have left only the benzoic acid. There could have been an error in weighing the filter paper before the procedure. There also could have been contaminants in the basic extract, causing more than just the benzoic acid to be…

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