[6,11], such as microfluidic [12] and lab-on-a-chip [13] systems. A novel approach, the recognition of biomarkers from biological substances for forensic applications, can be borrowed from recent developments recently established biomolecular computing systems [15]. Such biocomputing systems are based on proteins/enzymes [16,17], DNA [18], RNA [19], DNAzymes [20], and/or whole cells [21] and are capable of performing logic operations by processing multiple biochemical input signals. Based on the particular biomolecular systems, various Boolean logic operations such as AND, OR, XOR, NOR, NAND, INHIB, XNOR, etc., are realized [15]. Sophisticated networks composed of several linked biomolecular logic gates performing complex logic operations were designed for unconventional computing applications [15]. Rapid progress was recently achieved in the area of enzyme-based biocomputing systems which has allowed for the construction of conjoined logic networks composed of several gates that are performing various Boolean logic operations as well as including non-Boolean elements [16]. Seemingly chemical information processing systems were originally considered to be exclusively for computational applications, [22,23] however recent studies demonstrate that they have features suitable for analytical/bioanalytical use [24,25]. These systems can analyze several biochemical signals according to a “preprogrammed” algorithm which can then generate a binary “YES/ NO” answer without using…
create search strategies and eventually develop a structure for my assignment. Following this structure, helped to make my paper flow, which was an attribute my teacher pointed out on my final draft of the paper. Seeing this statement from my teacher, boosted my confidence and affirmed that the use of pre-writing techniques was improving my writing skills. Another vital part of this curriculum, and of effective writing, is effective research. The online library was one of the most useful tools…
Google. Why? Google has proven time after time, that they have truly mastered the art of finding and retrieving information better than any other search engine I have tried. And, they seem to retrieve it faster than any other search engine. What searching strategies and Boolean Search Strategies have yielded the best search results for you? Personally, I prefer using brackets, quotation marks, and the + sign. When using these Boolean operators, the information returned will be more…
superiority. Some people may say that having the quality of strength in whatever way is an unimportant leader quality because it’s not needed to be an effective leader, a leader will never use their strength. However, that is not true, without the quality of strength physically or mentally there is only have weakness and effective leaders are not weak. Although strength is a great quality to have another good one is logic. Effective leaders need to use logic to get into the minds’ of their…
Both of these tenants cause citizens of the OneState to strive towards becoming the most perfectly logical beings possible, by modeling themselves after machines. In their quest for full mechanization, however, the OneState veers into the realm of mad science when they attempt to “repair” the parts of their humanity that aren’t totally logical, such as their Imagination. D-503 illustrates the OneState society’s obsession with logic through his record entries, where he uses mathematical terms…
and hard for the class.Here is another fact about NP-complete sets and polynomial reducibilities, which will be our major tool in proving sets NP-complete. NP-complete problems are the hardest problems in NP set. A decision problem L is NP-complete if: 1) L is in NP (Any given solution for NP-complete problems can be verified quickly, but there is no efficient known solution). 2) Every problem in NP is reducible to L in polynomial time. Therefore, NP-Complete set is also a subset of NP-Hard…
. III. PERVASIVE NP COMPLETE PROBLEMS NP complete problem occurs in almost every domain of Mathematics and computer science such as Boolean Algebra and logic, Graph Theory, Theory of Automata, Set Theory, Algebra and Number theory and so on. Its application are used in Computer Science, Biology, Chemistry, Physics etc. To understand NP complete problems and their reduction, Clique problem is presented and proved as NP Complete. The notion of NP Completeness was proposed by Cook in 1971and they…
For example, when Jefferson compares the blacks’ imagination to that of the whites, he asserts that blacks are “dull, tasteless, and anomalous” in imagination (381). His words may diminish readers’ intentions to read as some readers may find his words insulting and offensive. Another example in which Jefferson uses insulting language is when he talks about flowing hair. “Add to these, flowing hair, a more elegant symmetry of form, their own judgement in favor of the whites, declared by their…
human beings, process information just as we do; sense and have the ability to form individualistic thoughts as we do, then we can form the conclusion that they must think similar to how we do with minds like our own. Not only are humans physically like us, but emotionally as well- to an extent. If we have beliefs, ideals, emotions, and control of our senses then so should others that are like us. If we are able to feel and think something, hypothetically labeled A, then naturally a new…
Also, using calculator in high school can lead students solve problems which need more logical thinking. And teachers will give more focus on the process of solving problems instead of its’ result which must be correct if the process does. In addition, using calculator can give students much more fast and specific answers. So, Korea should allow using calculator in high school class room. Works Cited Answers. Google. n.d. Web. 26 July 2015. Dietel, Ron. ERIC Institute of Education Science.…