Bitumen

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  • Keystone Pipeline Construction

    Perhaps one of the most widely debated topics, in recent years, is the construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline. The completion of the project has been done in multiple phases and one of the last phases scheduled to be completed is the phase 4 extension. This extension would create a pipeline that would trek, around 2000 miles, from Alberta Canada to the gulf coast of Texas (Friends of the Earth). Since the pipeline would cross international borders, approval from congress would be necessary in order to begin construction (NPR). The two main issue points on the topic are the economic gains that could incur from the development of the pipeline and the overall impression on the environment that would ensue from extraction, transportation, and refining of the oil. Some people believe that the pipeline would stimulate the economy by creating jobs and generating tax revenue for local counties. However, the economic benefits, that the pipeline would bring, do not outweigh the negative impacts that it would have on the environment and therefore the pipeline should not be built. The primary arguing side against the construction of the Keystone XL phase 4 pipeline is the negative environmental impacts that it would have, short term and long term, not only in local areas but on the entire planet. The material that is being transferred in the pipeline is tar sands oil and is considered to be dirty and corrosive (Friends of the Earth). With its corrosive and dirty nature, the…

    Words: 1549 - Pages: 6
  • Aesthetics Sublime In Burtynsky's Bitumen

    Sublime Industry and Risky Aesthetics: A Comparison of Edward Burtynsky’s OIL and Karen Solie’s “Bitumen” Karen Solie’s poem “Bitumen” (2015) and Edward Burtynsky’s photography collection OIL (2009) both question the adequacy of sublime aesthetics as a representational mode for depicting the effects of industry. I will explore how the oil industry is represented as sublime in Burtynsky’s OIL and the critical and ironic distance this representation requires. Informing this will be historical…

    Words: 307 - Pages: 2
  • Bitumen Cocoa Supply Chain Case Study

    Introduction This supply chain case study is focusing on the Bitumen Cocoa organisation in Zaria Nigeria. In the past decades, numbers of products offered to the market have generally exploded. The cocoa product lifetime has decreased hugely. The combination of these two trends leads to increased inaccuracy of the demand uncertainty resulting the increase in inventory levels. However, the disadvantages of holding inventory have been increasingly recognised with the regard to impact this may…

    Words: 4012 - Pages: 17
  • Analysis Of Froth Treatment: Oil Sands Bitumen Recovery

    Froth Treatment: Oil Sands Bitumen Recovery Introduction This description will give you an understanding of the fundamentals behind the Bitumen Froth Treatment process, as performed at Naphthenic Froth Treatment (NFT) operating sites. Bitumen is the valuable hydrocarbon component of the ore formation which begins in the ground, and is extracted by the Mining department. Prior to entering the Froth Treatment facility, the Bitumen Froth is created by mixing the ore with hot water for…

    Words: 843 - Pages: 4
  • Flakiness And Elongation Index Essay

    of bituminous mixture such as Stability, Flow, Voids in Total mix (VTM), Voids Filled with Bitumen and (VFB) highly depend on the physical properties of aggregates. This study conducted by observing the effect of flakiness & elongated index by adding different percentages from 0% to 50% of flaky & elongated aggregates of different sieve with required quantity to the bituminous mixes. The method of Marshall Mix design is adopted for this purpose. The change in rotation angle of coarse aggregate…

    Words: 1886 - Pages: 8
  • The Keystone Pipeline

    Keystone Politics By Garrett Kizior History of the Keystone Pipeline Canada’s Athabasca River Basin is the home of one of the world’s largest stockpile of fossil fuels; bitumen. Bitumen, which lies beneath prehistoric boreal forests and peat bogs, is composed of oil, sand, and clay, and is often compared to thick tar. Because of its composition, bitumen is commonly referred to as tar sands The only method to remove the tar sands from the ground is to first inject hot steam into the earth until…

    Words: 2525 - Pages: 11
  • BP Oil Spill: Poem Analysis

    When assessing Burtynsky’s photography in relation to the BP oil spill, Lance Duerfahrd notes how Burtynsky’s photography encourages viewers “to become art historians” by way of “abstraction” (Duerfahrd 126). “Bitumen” also asks this of its readers by situating Burtynsky’s photography within the tradition of the sublime, while it also compels scrutiny of the “anaesthetics” and abstraction at work in Burtynsky’s OIL. In the following passage, the poem describes “Burtynsky’s drone helicopters” and…

    Words: 812 - Pages: 4
  • Oil Research Paper

    Oil is also known as a solid which is called Bitumen. Oil can look black or yellow. Oil is greasy. Oil’s properties allows it float on water.20,7,6 Like I said before, Oil is just a liquid form. There is also Bitumen.4 Bitumen can be known as asphalt cement.4 Bitumen is mostly used for road construction.4 Bitumen can be sticky and black.4 Oil is also known as petroleum.4 Petroleum is more of a scientific term.4 Oil can be different in viscosity, volatility, and toxicity.4 Viscosity-oil’s…

    Words: 1145 - Pages: 5
  • The Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Crude Oil

    oil physical and chemical compositions vary with location, depth and age (Rahimi and Gentzis, 2006). Physical composition of crude oil varies from black liquids of high viscosity to straw-colored liquids that vary from viscous of free flow (Nji, 2010). Crude oil is classified commercially by API gravity into light, medium, heavy and extra heavy or bitumen. Accordingly, light oils have an API gravity >31.1° and medium crude oils are those…

    Words: 821 - Pages: 4
  • Tar Sands In Canada

    Within Canada stretches one of the largest and healthiest intact ecosystems left on the planet- a Boreal Forest. It acts as a carbon sink, protects the endangered animals within it, and contains bodies of water that are unspoiled by pollution. Unfortunately, beneath the flourish of life was the dark discovery of tar sands. Tar, or oil sands are composed of sand, water, clay, and bitumen- a thick, dark, and heavy oil. Because of its viscosity, bitumen needs to be lightened with a mixture of…

    Words: 1689 - Pages: 7
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