Benito Mussolini

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    In Mosse’s article, “Toward a General Theory of Fascism”, he analyzes the nationalism, the foundation of the fascism. Mosse points out how fascism appeared in Europe, and what elements of that uprising have parallels in the modern world. Mosse regards nationalism as “the basic force that made fascism possible...still the principal integrative force among peoples and nations” (Mosse 91). Fascism in early 20th century European countries such as Italy and Germany played on the middle-class’…

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    nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. The Man who started the fascist idea was mussolini, He was the dictator of italy. fascism is basically an extreme dictatorship. After WWI the governments were weakening. There was a raging up-rate of unemployment and this is what led to un-rest in many of the cities, so much so that many people began to support the communist.. Mussolini suggested an idea to rebuild Italy and recreate the Roman Empire. He formed gangs, called…

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    Menelik 2 Essay

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    To what extent did Menelik II influence the Ethiopian victory of the first italo-ethiopian war? ‘ The first Italo-Ethiopian war, where Italy attempted to gain control of Ethiopia, was to a large extent won through the skilled leadership of Emperor Menelik II.The Italians attempted to trick the emperor[1] into making Ethiopia be beholden to Italy but they failed and declared war, which in turn lead to their defeat at the battle of Adwa and Ethiopian independence. The Emperor played a key role in…

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    Charlie Chaplin The Speech Charlie Chaplin directed, produced, and starred in the film “The Great Dictator” in 1940. The film was considered by most a propaganda film that showed through comic satire that those that were against us as a country were incapable, untrustworthy cowards. The idea was to create something that would lead the audience to those same conclusions. The speech included in the film became an iconic proclamation of our own issues in the United States at the time. In the film,…

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    cinema at the time. The same could be said about almost anything that was part of Italian culture at the time, the fascist state establishing its totalitarian hold. Women in fascist Italy were arguably the demographic most affected by the new order Mussolini was hoping to create. However, much like the films produced in Italy, women were never openly persecuted, repressed or censored in a conspicuous way. Instead they were pressured by national legislation and incentives to behave how they saw…

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    Throughout the Second World War, Spain was a non-aggressive state that was not engaged in any type of warfare. When WWII was about to begin and countries were starting to pick alliances, Spain was just recovering from a three yearlong civil war. By that time Spain was inflicted with poverty, the people were starving, and the Spaniards had their share of war. Keeping in mind all the pressure that was put on Spain to join the war, Franco was smart enough to play the system and benefit from…

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    At the end of Great War (1914-1918), European society faced astronomical cultural and social changes that eventually led to the rise Fascism in Italy, Germany, and Spain. Throughout the 1920s, Jose Ortega y Gasset gave series of lectures that eventually became his magnum opus entitled The Revolt of the Masses. His work centers on the rise of the mass-man and his disregard for political authority (or the state), culture, and progress. Gasset essentially argues that the perfection of the 19th…

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    THE POWER OF WORDS HOW A TYRANT INSPIRES HOPE AND ENLIGHTENMENT Using the archetype “Power of Words” a famous speech was delivers on the stage by one of the greatest pioneers of the film industry Mr. Charlie Chaplin. “The Great Dictator’s Speech” was a mythical moment in the history of film for two reasons. The first being, this was the moment the most beloved and famous tramp of all, became a dictator. The second was, the words spoken by this tyrant were to become timeless words of hope and…

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    Mrs M in 1999 by W. Ugolini. This source was part of a collection of interviews for ‘Memory, war and the Italians in Edinburgh: the role of communal myth.’ Mrs M, an Italian living in Edinburgh describes the anti-Italian sentiment and riots when Mussolini, dictator of Italy declared war on Britain and France on 10th of June 1940. This source was written 59 years after the events took place as a result the details could possibly be blurred with the passing of time. As it is a primary source it is…

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    In Umberto Eco’s Eternal Fascism: Fourteen Ways of Looking at a Blackshirt, Eco contemplates on what fascism is. He offers a list of 14 “typical” features to recognize fascism, a political system Italians got to name. He refers to these features as “Ur-Fascism” or “Eternal Fascism.” Eco makes clear that these points are unique to fascism and that they “cannot be organized into a system” as “many of them contradict each other, and are also typical of other kinds of despotism or fanaticism” (Eco,…

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