Axon

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    similar structure; the cell body, axon, dendrites, terminal buttons, etc. The cell body is formed on a single strand called an axon. Branching from the axon, are dendrites. The function of the dendrite is to collect incoming or afferent information from other dendrites to pass to the axon. Once the axon receives the information it sends out efferent information to other cells. Long axons project information to farther distances in the body (interneurons), while shorter axons communicate with…

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    impulses over long and thin axons, and receive information through branches of dendrites. Although neurons are a diverse set of cells, most neurons share certain features in their structural form - the cell body, the axons and the dendrites (2). The cell body contains the nucleus of the neuron and other intracellular organelles. This spherical-shaped…

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    signal is sent from the eye to the brain’s neurons. The neurons pass the signal down from one another through the different parts of the cells. The neuron sends the signal that the mother has disappeared from the soma down the axon. The axon then sends the impulse out the axon terminals through the synapses, the space between neurons. The impulse gets released as a chemical substance, called a neurotransmitter, through the synapse and the receiving neuron gets the signal through the dendrites.…

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    Student no:16472374 The nervous system and neuron communication The nervous system is a highly complex and broad area of biopsychology. People depend on the nervous system for their survival and safety.This essay will explore the components from which the nervous system is composed and their main functions. This essay will also decipher the mechanisms through which neurons communicate. According to Carlson (2014) the Nervous system is branched into two categories - the central nervous system…

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    The Nervous System

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    billion neurons found in the brain. Basic part of what make neurons are consist of dendrites which receives send messages, cell soma which is the cell body that process and translate code messages, and the axon where processed messages pass through to communicate to other nerve cells. The axon…

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    Anatomy of cerebral cortex: Brain is most complex organ in human body. The ability of brain for its functioning normally is manifestation of various activities it takes participation in various activities of day to day life, being it hidden from the view or perceptible, like walking, smelling, thinking, laughing, speaking, and hearing. These manifestations are results of very coordinated and complex electrical and chemical activity within and between the cells those makes up our brain. Abnormal…

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    the axon, the dendrites, and the synapse. Growing out of the cell body (which contains the nucleus) are dendrites which are branch like structure on the Head of the neuron that receives incoming signals from other neurons in the nervous system. Then growing out of the cell body is the axon a long tail like structure that carries signals away from the body, growing out of the axon is a axon branch, and at the end of these stems are axon bulbs which is where a synapse develops between the axon…

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    Action Potential Essay

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    the Na+/K+ pump moves Na+ out and K+ in, restoring the gradient and resting membrane potential. The action potential fires. In an unmyelinated axon, Na+ flow in and cause adjacent areas to depolarize to threshold, sending the action potential slowly down the axon. Conversely, the conduction rate of an action potential is much faster in a myelinated axon. Since ions will not travel across myelin, a separate area must be utilized to permit the conduction of the action potential. At the Nodes of…

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    the soma, the axon, the axon terminal, the synapse, and the myelin sheath. The dendrites are branch like bushy extensions that receive the information and conduct impulses towards the cell body. The soma, or cell body, makes sense of the information and works It out. It also triggers the action potential and all or nothing response. The axon is a neuron’s extension that sends messages to other neurons or to muscles or glands. It transmits the Impulse, aka the action potential. The axon terminal,…

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    Polyneuropathy Pathology

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    results in stocking/glove distribution of sensation. In addition, demyelination of distal part long axons because of the increase in myelin. Moreover, degeneration of the distal part of long axon because inadequate axonal transport to distal ends of axons. The pathology of polyneuropathy will lead to several sensory, motor, and autonomic function changes. Primarily, demyelination and degeneration of axons, it will lead to changes in sensory function, resulting in decreased sensation or…

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