Aortic valve stenosis

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  • Case Study: Assessing Heart And Neck Vessels

    increased blood velocity, structural valve defects, valve malfunctions, and abnormal chamber openings (Weber & Kelley, 2014). The heart has four chambers two atria, which are the upper chambers of the heart and two ventricles, which are the lower chambers of the heart. They are then further divided into left and right. Between the upper and lower chambers there are valves to prevent backflow of blood. Between the right atrium and right ventricle tricuspid valve and between…

    Words: 1179 - Pages: 5
  • Essay On Interventional Cardiology

    hand is a tube composed of metal that can remain within the body to keep a blood vessel open. Interventional cardiology is said to be first discovered by Andreas Gruentzig in 1977 when he widened part of an abnormally narrowed, a condition called stenosis, left anterior descending artery through the use of a balloon catheter.3 Previously any treatment of the heart required open heart surgery which put the patient in high risk…

    Words: 1080 - Pages: 5
  • Palpable Murmur Research Paper

    When a thrill is prominent and widespread, application of the entire palm of the hand is helpful in sensing the direction of radiation. An aortic stenotic thrill radiates upward and to the right, and a pulmonary stenotic thrill radiates upward and to the left. If a thrill is localized, relatively firm application of a fingertip usually suffices for detection.” (Perloff). The distal metacarpals…

    Words: 999 - Pages: 4
  • Systolic Dysfunction Research Paper

    infection. Signs and symptoms of myocarditis include chest pain, heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms.”(Mayo Clinic, 2012). Another cause of systolic dysfunction is valvular stenosis. Valvular stenosis is defined as a thickening or blockage to one or possibly more heart valve. In example, if a patient has aortic valve stenosis, their left ventricle would have great difficulty pumping blood efficiently. One other cause of systolic dysfunction is coronary heart disease or CHD. This cause…

    Words: 1016 - Pages: 5
  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Essay

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the second most common form of heart muscle disease and is the number one cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. It affects approximately one in 500 adults in the United States. HCM is a genetically determined heart muscle disease caused by more than 1400 mutations in 11 or more genes encoding proteins of the cardiac sarcomere (Maron & Maron, 2013). HCM is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) of various morphologies with a wide…

    Words: 725 - Pages: 3
  • Intraventricular Observation

    Physiology Murmurs are the product of intense blood flow across inflexible, calcified valves; faulty valves that permit reverse blood flow (regurgitation); faulty (deviant openings) in the septum, aorta, or pulmonary artery; or abnormally high velocity of blood flow through a normal structure. Supposedly blood generally flows soundlessly through the heart; yet, these conditions can generate tumultuous blood flow resulting in auscultation of swooshing or gusty sound over the precordium (Weber &…

    Words: 830 - Pages: 4
  • Echocardiography Case Study

    Pulse pressures that exceed 40 mm Hg, like in the case of Gerhardt, is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as mitral valve regurgitation or valvular pulmonic stenosis.2,3 The presence of the soft mid-systolic murmur near the upper left sternal border was also suggestive of valvular pulmonic stenosis.3 However, Gerhardt’s prolonged PR interval of 0.62 seconds, bradycardia and systolic murmur could also be due to an increased vagal tone commonly seen in…

    Words: 569 - Pages: 3
  • Acute Heart Failure

    Acute heart failure may occur in instances such as MI whilst compensated heart failure customarily develops steadily, for example, in patients with degenerative valve diseases. Heart failure can also be categorised depending on the side of the heart affected. Reduced cardiac output from the left atrium and ventricle are termed Left-sided heart failure whereas right sided heart failure involves the right atrium…

    Words: 903 - Pages: 4
  • Heart And Lung Sounds Analysis

    Heart and Lung Sounds Assessments The knowledge of the normal heart sound, S1 then S2, will aid in the identification of the abnormal heart sounds as the changes of loudness of S1 or the “lub” in “lub-dup” may signify heart pathology. “The second heart sound has been called the key to heart disease” (Shindler, 2007). It is widely transmitted, usually audible, sharper and shorter than S1, and easily heard. Ventricular gallop or S3 is normal in children but not in older populations as it may be…

    Words: 949 - Pages: 4
  • 1970s Medical Advances

    Medical tools and operations have been advancing ever since the first human cut his or herself on a rock, whether the advancements have been significant or not. Through all of this time, scientists and doctors have been searching for answers to try and improve the health of the world’s population daily. What many people do not realize is although the cure for cancer has not yet been found, treatments for many other diseases have been and medical technology has come a long way. Every decade,…

    Words: 1327 - Pages: 6
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