Precuneus

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    Creativity In Childhood

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    Creativity and Childhood Adversity In a relatively recent study looking to examine the cognitive effects of adverse conditions in childhood, 103 adult participants were tested for inhibition and shifting, an aspect of cognitive flexibility thought to underlie creativity. The participants’ childhoods were assessed in terms of harshness, related to socioeconomic status, and in unpredictability, related to lots of random change such as people often moving in and out of his or her home. A condition was also included where subjects read an unsettling news story to encourage feelings of uncertainty. The results showed that when participants read the news story, “those who had experienced unpredictable but not harsh childhoods performed worse at inhibition but better at shifting than those whose childhoods were not unpredictable.” Considering that the fact that childhood adversity may actually have a positive effect on a person is rather new, this is pretty exciting. However, it does seem that a mere 103 participants is a small number and the methods themselves are rather vague and inconclusive to say we’ve discovered anything solid. It would be interesting to see how other studies on this would play out on a larger scale with a study of more participants. As someone who had a childhood full of adversity, it seems almost intuitive to me that childhood adversity would at least have an immense potential to make someone a better person in the long run. On the other hand, people will…

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    functions in ordinary objects and imagining the consequences of “unimaginable things” happening. The researches found the more creative the participant, the more they had difficult suppressing the precuneus while engaging in a working memory task. The precuneus is the area of the default mode network of the brain, which is a network of brain regions that are active when an individual is not focused on the outside world and the brain is at wakeful rest. The precuneus has been linked to…

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    Compared to the normal patients, the MCI and AD subjects displayed some variations in their default mode network, and more specifically in the early phase. When looking at the regions of deactivation, they noticed that the areas of MCI were the same as the control group, just to a smaller degree. There were noticeable differences in the anterior frontal regions between all of the groups: AD, MCI, and control. Regarding the precuneus, MCI and AD greatly differed from the controls, whereas AD and…

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    support a link between creative cognition and schizotypy. There was an investigation of the functional brain characteristics while engaged in difficult memory tasks. None of the participants had a history of neurological or psychiatric illness, and all had proper memory abilities. The subjects were asked to display creativity in numerous ways. Research found that those who were more creative had a harder time trying to suppress the precuneus (an area of the Default Mode Network that displays the…

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    Wan found that a shogi player’s next move generation is more complicated than that of a chess player because of the rule where you can skip a move to place a captured piece as an ally. Wan measured activity in the precuneus region between the somatosensory region and visual cortex using a functional MRI. The precuneus was active in both the amauter and professional players. Wan found that the caudate nucleus in basal ganglia, which is responsible for cognition and procedures, was significantly…

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    study is represented by the absence of a concurrent cognitive assessment in the investigative patients (Pistoia et al., 2016). Due to the fact that the patients are conscious, preforming an adequate cognitive assessment would help reinforce data from MRI. Findings/Conclusions After conducting the study, they found a selective volume loss in patients with Locked-in Syndrome when compared to the healthy volunteers (Pistoia et al., 2016). “In the left hemisphere, cortical loss mainly involved…

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    Mozart Effect Analysis

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    SEIZURE SECTION Jenkins was particularly interested in a study made on an eight-year-old girl with a particularly difficult type of epilepsy. He was particularly interested in the longer term effects of Mozart's music. In this particular case the "Mozart Sonata was played every 10 minutes while the girl was awake" and the number of seizures of various kinds dropped dramatically. PUT SOMEWHERE BEFORE THE DISCUSSION ON VERB USAGE, TONE AND VOICE. The purpose and the audience is made quite…

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    Lucid Dream Theory

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    REM sleep, which is short for Rapid Eye Movement sleep, is one of the four statements during a regular sleep in one night. In common dreams, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (a part of brain) is inhibited. However, it is still working during a lucid dream and other areas in brain, such as precuneus and frontopolar are also activated. This research is done by Stephen LaBerge. He tested peoples brainwave of difference statements during their sleep and found that “higher amounts of beta-1 frequency…

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    creative or intelligent in a specific area. There are many famous writers and artists who have suffered from troubling mental illnesses that helped them to devise their most well-known paintings or novels. Neuroscientist Andreas Fink and his colleagues from the University of Graz conducted a study comparing the brains of creative people with the brains of people with schizotypy which is a mental illness closely related to schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental illness where people interpret…

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    Marijuana Criminalization

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    brain than as an adult (Neighmond, 2014). During adolescence the brain gets rid of the unnecessary ideas and thoughts, allowing it to become better equipped to decision making and memory; more efficient (Neighmond, 2014). The brain is in a developing stage from the moment of birth up until approximately 21 years of age (MEL). When introduced to the THC in marijuana, adolescents’ brains tend to act differently than those who do not smoke marijuana. Marijuana usage in teens can actually…

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